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LWN.net is a comprehensive source of news and opinions from and about the Linux community. This is the main LWN.net feed, listing all articles which are posted to the site front page.
Updated: 5 hours 57 min ago

[$] Getting along in the Python community

7 hours 50 min ago

In a session with a title that used a common misquote of Rodney King ("can't we all just get along?"), several Python developers wanted to discuss an incident that had recently occurred on the python-dev mailing list. A rude posting to the list led to a thread that got somewhat out of control. Some short tempers among the members of the Python developer community likely escalated things unnecessarily. The incident in question was brought up as something of an object lesson; people should take some time to simmer down before firing off that quick, but perhaps needlessly confrontational, reply.

[$] PEP 572 and decision-making in Python

10 hours 13 min ago

The "PEP 572 mess" was the topic of a 2018 Python Language Summit session led by benevolent dictator for life (BDFL) Guido van Rossum. PEP 572 seeks to add assignment expressions (or "inline assignments") to the language, but it has seen a prolonged discussion over multiple huge threads on the python-dev mailing list—even after multiple rounds on python-ideas. Those threads were often contentious and were clearly voluminous to the point where many probably just tuned them out. At the summit, Van Rossum gave an overview of the feature proposal, which he seems inclined toward accepting, but he also wanted to discuss how to avoid this kind of thread explosion in the future.

Welcome to Fedora CoreOS

10 hours 26 min ago
Matthew Miller looks at how Red Hat's acquisition of CoreOS will affect the Fedora project. "This isn’t the place for technical details — see “what next?” at the bottom of this message for more. I expect that over the next year or so, Fedora Atomic Host will be replaced by a new thing combining the best from Container Linux and Project Atomic. This new thing will be “Fedora CoreOS” and serve as the upstream to Red Hat CoreOS."

Security updates for Wednesday

11 hours 38 min ago
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (pass), Debian (xen), Fedora (chromium, cobbler, gnupg, kernel, LibRaw, mariadb, mingw-libtiff, nikto, and timidity++), Gentoo (chromium, curl, and transmission), Mageia (gnupg, gnupg2, librsvg, poppler, roundcubemail, and xdg-utils), Red Hat (ansible and glusterfs), Slackware (gnupg), SUSE (cobbler, dwr, java-1_8_0-ibm, kernel, microcode_ctl, pam-modules, salt, slf4j, and SMS3.1), and Ubuntu (libgcrypt11, libgcrypt11, libgcrypt20, and mozjs52).

Security updates for Tuesday

Tuesday 19th of June 2018 02:33:31 PM
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (libgcrypt), Fedora (bouncycastle, nodejs, and perl-Archive-Tar), openSUSE (aubio), and Red Hat (chromium-browser, glibc, kernel, kernel-rt, libvirt, pcs, samba, samba4, sssd and ding-libs, and zsh).

[$] TCP small queues and WiFi aggregation — a war story

Monday 18th of June 2018 11:28:40 PM

This article describes our findings that connected TCP small queues (TSQ) with the behavior of advanced WiFi protocols and, in the process, solved a throughput regression. The resulting patch is already in the mainline tree, so before continuing, please make sure your kernel is updated. Beyond the fix, it is delightful to travel through history to see how we discovered the problem, how it was tackled, and how it was patched.

Subscribers can read on for the full story by guest authors Carlo Grazia and Natale Patriciello.

Security updates for Monday

Monday 18th of June 2018 03:04:00 PM
Security updates have been issued by CentOS (kernel), Debian (libgcrypt20, redis, and strongswan), Fedora (epiphany, freedink-dfarc, gnupg, LibRaw, nodejs-JSV, nodejs-uri-js, singularity, strongswan, and webkit2gtk3), Mageia (flash-player-plugin, freedink-dfarc, and imagemagick), openSUSE (enigmail, gpg2, java-1_7_0-openjdk, java-1_8_0-openjdk, poppler, postgresql96, python-python-gnupg, and samba), Oracle (kernel), SUSE (gpg2 and xen), and Ubuntu (gnupg and webkit2gtk).

[$] 4.18 Merge window, part 2

Sunday 17th of June 2018 08:23:07 PM
By the time that Linus Torvalds released 4.18-rc1 and closed the merge window for this development cycle, 11,594 non-merge changesets had found their way into the mainline kernel repository. Nearly 4,500 of those were pulled after last week's summary was written. Thus, in terms of commit traffic, 4.18 looks to be quite similar to its predecessors. As usual, the entry of significant new features has slowed toward the end of the merge window, but there are still some important changes on the list.

A set of weekend stable kernel updates

Sunday 17th of June 2018 02:25:12 AM
The stable update machine continues to crank out releases: 4.17.2, 4.16.16, 4.14.50, 4.9.109, and 4.4.138 are all available with another set of important fixes.

Kernel prepatch 4.18-rc1

Sunday 17th of June 2018 02:14:04 AM
The first 4.18 prepatch is out, and the merge window has closed for this development cycle. "You may think it's still Saturday for me, and that I should give you one more day of merge window to send in some last-minute pull requests, but I know better. I'm in Japan, and it's Sunday here."

[$] Toward a fully reproducible Debian

Friday 15th of June 2018 02:55:52 PM
It's been a little over one year since we last covered Debian's reproducible builds project. The effort has not stopped in the interim; progress continues to be made, the message has sharpened up, and word is spreading. Chris Lamb, speaking about this at FLOSS UK in a talk called "You may think you're not a target: a tale of three developers", hinted that the end may be starting to come into sight.

Security updates for Friday

Friday 15th of June 2018 02:49:06 PM
Security updates have been issued by CentOS (plexus-archiver), Fedora (chromium, kernel, and plexus-archiver), Mageia (firefox, gifsicle, jasper, leptonica, patch, perl-DBD-mysql, qt3, and scummvm), openSUSE (opencv), Oracle (kernel), Red Hat (kernel), Scientific Linux (kernel), SUSE (gpg2, nautilus, and postgresql96), and Ubuntu (gnupg2 and linux-raspi2).

Cook: security things in Linux v4.17

Friday 15th of June 2018 11:29:57 AM
Kees Cook describes the security-oriented changes included in the 4.17 kernel release. "It was possible that old memory contents would live in a new process’s kernel stack. While normally not visible, “uninitialized” memory read flaws or read overflows could expose these contents (especially stuff “deeper” in the stack that may never get overwritten for the life of the process). To avoid this, I made sure that new stacks were always zeroed. Oddly, this “priming” of the cache appeared to actually improve performance, though it was mostly in the noise."

Backdoored images downloaded 5 million times finally removed from Docker Hub (ars technica)

Friday 15th of June 2018 11:26:12 AM
Ars technica has the story of a set of Docker images containing cryptocurrency miners that persisted on Docker Hub for the better part of a year — after being discovered. "Neither the Docker Hub account nor the malicious images it submitted were taken down. Over the coming months, the account went on to submit 14 more malicious images. The submissions were publicly called out two more times, once in January by security firm Sysdig and again in May by security company Fortinet. Eight days after last month's report, Docker Hub finally removed the images."

Security updates for Thursday

Thursday 14th of June 2018 02:48:36 PM
Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (chromium and gnupg), Debian (spip), Fedora (pdns-recursor), Gentoo (adobe-flash, burp, quassel, and wget), openSUSE (bouncycastle and taglib), Oracle (kernel), SUSE (java-1_7_0-openjdk, java-1_8_0-openjdk, poppler, and samba), and Ubuntu (file, perl, and ruby1.9.1, ruby2.0, ruby2.3).

[$] LWN.net Weekly Edition for June 14, 2018

Thursday 14th of June 2018 12:15:38 AM
The LWN.net Weekly Edition for June 14, 2018 is available.

[$] Python virtual environments

Wednesday 13th of June 2018 06:09:45 PM

In a short session at the 2018 Python Language Summit, Steve Dower brought up the shortcomings of Python virtual environments, which are meant to create isolated installations of the language and its modules. He said his presentation was "co-written with Twitter" and, indeed, most of his slides were of tweets. At the end, he also slipped in an announcement of his plans for hosting a core development sprint in September.

[$] XArray and the mainline

Wednesday 13th of June 2018 06:05:51 PM

The XArray data structure was the topic of the final filesystem track session at the 2018 Linux Storage, Filesystem, and Memory-Management Summit (LSFMM). XArray is a new API for the kernel's radix-tree data structure; the session was led by Matthew Wilcox, who created XArray. When asked by Dave Chinner if the session was intended to be a live review of the patches, Wilcox admitted with a grin that it might be "the only way to get a review on this damn patch set".

[$] Filesystem test suites

Wednesday 13th of June 2018 05:16:02 PM

While the 2018 Linux Storage, Filesystem, and Memory-Management Summit (LSFMM) filesystem track session was advertised as being a filesystem test suite "bakeoff", it actually focused on how to make the existing test suites more accessible. Kent Overstreet said that he has learned over the years that various filesystem developers have their own scripts for testing using QEMU and other tools. He and Ted Ts'o put the session together to try to share some of that information (and code) more widely.

Stable kernel updates

Wednesday 13th of June 2018 03:17:39 PM
Stable kernels 4.9.108, 4.4.137, and 3.18.113 have been released. As usual, they all contain important fixes and users should upgrade.

More in Tux Machines

GNOME Desktop: Flatpak and Random Wallpaper Gnome Extension

  • Flatpak in detail, part 2
    The first post in this series looked at runtimes and extensions. Here, we’ll look at how flatpak keeps the applications and runtimes on your system organized, with installations, repositories, branches, commits and deployments.
  • Flatpak – a history
    I’ve been working on Flatpak for almost 4 years now, and 1.0 is getting closer. I think it might be interesting at this point to take a retrospective look at the history of Flatpak.
  • Random Wallpaper Gnome Extension Changes Your Desktop Background With Images From Various Online Sources
    Random Wallpaper is an extension for Gnome Shell that can automatically fetch wallpapers from a multitude of online sources and set it as your desktop background. The automatic wallpaper changer comes with built-in support for downloading wallpapers from unsplash.com, desktopper.co, wallhaven.cc, as well as support for basic JSON APIs or files. The JSON support is in fact my favorite feature in Random Wallpaper. That's because thanks to it and the examples available on the Random Wallpaper GitHub Wiki, one can easily add Chromecast Images, NASA Picture of the day, Bing Picture of the day, and Google Earth View (Google Earth photos from a selection of around 1500 curated locations) as image sources.

today's howtos

KDE: QtPad, Celebrating 10 Years with KDE, GSoC 2018

  • QtPad - Modern Customizable Sticky Note App for Linux
    In this article, we'll focus on how to install and use QtPad on Ubuntu 18.04. Qtpad is a unique and highly customizable sticky note application written in Qt5 and Python3 tailored for Unix systems.
  • Celebrating 10 Years with KDE
    Of course I am using KDE software much longer. My first Linux distribution, SuSE 6.2 (the precursor to openSUSE), came with KDE 1.1.1 and was already released 19 years ago. But this post is not celebrating the years I am using KDE software. Exactly ten years ago, dear Albert committed my first contribution to KDE. A simple patch for a problem that looked obvious to fix, but waiting for someone to actually do the work. Not really understanding the consequences, it marks the start of my journey within the amazing KDE community.
  • GSoC 2018 – Coding Period (May 28th to June 18th): First Evaluation and Progress with LVM VG
    I got some problems during the last weeks of Google Summer of Code which made me deal with some challenges. One of these challenges was caused by a HD physical problem. I haven’t made a backup of some work and had to rework again in some parts of my code. As I already knew how to proceed, it was faster than the first time. I had to understand how the device loading process is made in Calamares to load a preview of the new LVM VG during its creation in Partition Page. I need to list it as a new storage device in this page and deal with the revert process. I’ve implemented some basic fixes and tried to improve it.

Open Hardware: Good for Your Brand, Good for Your Bottom Line

Chip makers are starting to catch on to the advantages of open, however. SiFive has released an entirely open RISC-V development board. Its campaign on the Crowd Supply crowd-funding website very quickly raised more than $140,000 USD. The board itself is hailed as a game-changer in the world of hardware. Developments like these will ensure that it won't be long before the hardware equivalent of LEGO's bricks will soon be as open as the designs built using them. Read more