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Unofficial Ubuntu BlogUnknownnoreply@blogger.comBlogger1843125Ubuntubuzzhttps://feedburner.google.com
Updated: 8 hours 23 min ago

Ubuntu 21.10 Impish Indri Released with Flavors Download Links, Mirrors and Torrents

9 hours 49 min ago

Congratulations to Ubuntu community, finally Ubuntu 21.10 Impish Indri released Thursday, 14 October 2021! This latest operating system is released for Desktop, Server, and Internet of Things computers. Canonical published all information at its official website. However, this article will help you to download Ubuntu including Flavors from Kubuntu to Kylin, verify their checksums, make bootable medium, and install it to your machine. 

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.

 

Purchase Ubuntu Laptop

Want Ubuntu computers? You can purchase an Ubuntu preinstalled desktop or laptop  from several computer manufacturers around the world. However, to date, these manufacturers do not provide 21.10 choice but 20.04 LTS instead -- thus, you can buy one and upgrade later. Among them are:

Dell

Lenovo

System76

ThinkPenguin

Laptop With Linux

Tuxedo Computers

 

Download Ubuntu 21.10

Click this link to get the Ubuntu Desktop Impish Indri.

Ubuntu 3GB

Download Ubuntu Server

This is Ubuntu Server Edition. 

Ubuntu Server 1 GB

Download Ubuntu for IoT These desktop and server variants are for Internet of Things devices such as Raspberry Pi, LinuxOne, and HiFive. Click the link to download the Ubuntu operating system.

Server install image:

- For 64-bit ARMv8 processors and above: ARM64 1GB
- For POWER8 and POWER9 Little-Endian systems, especially the "LC" Linux-only
servers
: PPC64EL 1GB
- For IBM System z series mainframes, such as IBM LinuxONE: S390X 800MB

Preinstalled desktop image:

- For modern Raspberry Pi boards (Pi 2, Pi 3 and Pi 4): 2GB

Preinstalled server image:

- For modern Raspberry Pi boards (Pi 2, Pi 3 and Pi 4): 32-bit 800MB
- For modern Raspberry Pi boards (Pi 2, Pi 3 and Pi 4): 64-bit 800MB
- For RISC-V computers, with support for SiFive HiFive Unleashed and QEMU: 500MB
- For RISC-V computers, with support for SiFive HiFive Unmatched and QEMU: 500MB


Download Official FlavorsThese are Official Flavors, the variants of Ubuntu Desktop with alternative desktop environments. Click the link to download the Flavor.

Kubuntu 3GB, Ubuntu with KDE friendly-computing user interface and applications.

Xubuntu 2GB, Ubuntu with Xfce minimalist user interface and applications.

Lubuntu 1.9GB, Ubuntu with LXDE, the most lightweighte desktop edition among all Flavors.

Ubuntu MATE 3GB, Ubuntu with MATE, the mix of legacy, traditional and modern desktop choice.

Ubuntu Studio 4GB, Ubuntu multimedia production with graphics, audio and video editing tools preinstalled.

Ubuntu Budgie 3GB, Ubuntu with the unique desktop called Budgie.

Ubuntu Kylin 3.5GB, Ubuntu Chinese Edition with the unique UKUI desktop.  

 

Mirrors

Alternative to official download links above is the mirrors. If the official line does not work, you can alternatively download from one nearest link of choices below.

- Argentina
- Australia
- Brazil
- Canada
- China
- Germany
- Indonesia
- North Africa
- Singapore
- South Africa
- Taiwan
- United Kingdom
- United States


Torrents

Alternative to official download links or mirrors above is torrent downloads. To download one, you should use a computer program called BitTorrent client, for example Transmission.

- Ubuntu
- Ubuntu Server
- Kubuntu
- Xubuntu
- Lubuntu
- Ubuntu MATE
- Ubuntu Studio
- Ubuntu Budgie
- Ubuntu Kylin 


Checksums

Once downloaded, you should verify your downloaded file (or copied file) with its own official checksum. Each Ubuntu's ISO Image file has its own official checksum, or, like fingerprint to human. To verify, read this guide.


Making Bootable Medium

Once verified, you are sure that your Ubuntu file can be installed perfectly. Now you should make an Ubuntu medium you can install a computer with. To make one, read this guide.

 

Install Ubuntu

Once you have a bootable medium, you are ready to install Ubuntu. To install Ubuntu to your computer, read this guide.


Happy downloading!

This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

How To Upgrade Debian 10 to 11 Desktop Made Simple

Tuesday 12th of October 2021 01:15:00 PM

This tutorial will explain step by step to upgrade Debian Desktop version 10 Buster to version 11 Bullseye for your computer. We do this to the GNOME edition and the process downloads all the updates using the internet not CDROM. We will use command lines to proceed. We hope you can upgrade yours successfully including if you use Debian desktop choice other than ours. Let's upgrade!


Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.


Requirements
  • A computer with Debian version at least 10.0.
  • Enough free disk space.
  • Good internet access (fast and unlimited one is strongly recommended).  
  • Time and patience, upgrading needs much time and user interactions to accept some changes. 
  • Basic command lines skill.

(Debian 10 Buster, your operating system before upgrading)

First Step

To upgrade Debian, firstly we upgrade our current version to its latest by two commands:

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt upgrade --yes

Note! Doing this first step on a 6MB/s internet speed took about less than half an hour to us and around 400 MB download size.


Second Step

To upgrade Debian from Buster to Bullseye, like any previous versions, basically we need to change its Sources.list contents from buster to bullseye. In short, Debian's Sources.list is now simpler on Bullseye. Type everything correctly and remember all codes are in lowercase.

To edit the sources.list:

1. Open as administrator the file /etc/apt/sources.list.

2. Please notice three things you need to edit: the code buster mentioned in multiple lines, buster/security in one, and security.debian.org in the same line.

3. First, edit every mention of buster to bullseye correctly. See picture.

4. Second, edit buster/updates to bullseye-security. See picture.

5. Third, edit the URL address security.debian.org to deb.debian.org. See picture.

6. Save.

The text before:

deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ buster main
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ buster main
deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security/ buster/updates main

The text after:

deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye main
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye main
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian-security/ bullseye-security main

 

Third Step

Once configured correctly, now we are ready to fully upgrade Debian to version 11 Bullseye by two commands:

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt full-upgrade --yes

Important! You should not see any error while doing the first, update command, otherwise correct your Sources.list then try again. 

Note! Doing this third step on the same internet access took us about 1 or 2 hours to finish and 600 MB download size.


Final Result

Once fully upgraded, now our Debian Desktop version is 11 codenamed Bullseye. As an addition, its GNOME user interface is upgraded to version 3.30 and is now utilizing Wayland by default. Congratulations!

(Debian 11 Bullseye, your operating system after upgrading)

Postinstall Notes

1. About size, our full upgrade of Debian GNOME 11 (vanilla installed) requires around one GB download and one GB disk space. Your upgrade experience might be more or less.

2. About time, our full upgrade requires around 2-3 hours.

3. About interruptions, our full upgrade experiences manual interventions two or three times to configure libc6 and some background services. Overall, we report that Debian 11 GNOME Desktop upgrade went smoothly.

4. After installation, we run commands to free disk space:

$ sudo apt autoremove
$ sudo apt clean

Those freed around 600 MB disk space on our system.

References

Upgrades from Buster to Bullseye, Official Documentation

Upgrading Buster to Latest Point Release, Official Documentation

Debian 11 Release Notes


This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

Matrix Chat Adoption by Community in 2021

Monday 11th of October 2021 01:48:00 PM

Free Software Community is a worldwide society consisted of so many software projects, companies and other organizations. In this community you find Ubuntu, GNU and Linux, LibreOffice, Red Hat and Purism among others. This is our community. Today, we have Matrix Chat, a new public telecommunication facility accessible for everyone, a new technology born from our Community itself. With Matrix Chat, a community can provide an independent, free group chat and video calls for public to join and engage in discussion, publication, and conference. Matrix Chat has been successfully used even for international online conference with 30 thousands attendees. To foster adoption of Matrix Chat, this article lists out several important communities which adopted it so everyone can learn from them and consider to follow.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.

 

Features of Matrix Chat

Why many people decided to adopt Matrix Chat? It is:

File Searching on Linux Mint

Monday 11th of October 2021 06:19:00 AM

This simple tutorial explains how to search files and folders on Linux Mint. Mint is a very popular and easy to use computer operating system from GNU/Linux family based on Ubuntu Desktop. This covers its three editions namely Mint Cinnamon, XFCE, and MATE so pick the one suitable to yours. Let's search!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.

See also File Searching on Ubuntu | on Elementary 

 

How To Access File Manager

On any of Mint editions, double-click Home Folder on your desktop.


Cinnamon Edition

On this Mint edition, your file manager's name is Nemo.

Step 1. Open your file manager from start menu.

Step 2. Open the place you want to search. 

Step 3. Click Find button (or Ctrl+F) and type the keyword.

Step 4. Click the button again to close your search. 

elementary OS 6 Odin Review - Beautiful and Empowering

Friday 8th of October 2021 03:15:00 PM

It's a review of elementary OS 6, codenamed Odin, a computer operating system that proudly released with the slogan Thoughtful, capable, and ethical replacement to Windows and MacOS that's now empowering modern laptops that ship worldwide. Let's see OS 6 through this review.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.

1. Overview

Features of OS 6 are as following: 

CommaFeed, Read Your Favorite News in One Place Everywhere

Thursday 7th of October 2021 08:31:00 AM

CommaFeed is an RSS feed reader accessible via web browser and can be used easily everywhere. In short, it is an alternative to Google News. It looks very simple and lightweight, and works fast! User can just subscribe news from websites they like and read them anywhere they go. Registration is free and the software behind is free as in freedom. This simple tutorial explains how to use CommaFeed for first timers. Let's start reading!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.


Features
  • Gratis registration at Commafeed.com. 
  • Able to subscribe to any news, blogs and websites.
  • Simple user interface.
  • Easy to use.
  • Keyboard shortcuts.
  • Simple display of news list, email inbox-like.
  • Supports RSS and Atom feeds.
  • Automatically find feed from URL.
  • Import/Export multiple feeds at once with OPML.
  • Free/libre open source software and supports selfhosting.


Step 1. Visit CommaFeed

With web browser, go to https://commafeed.com


Step 2. Register and Login

Once registered and logged in, at first use CommaFeed will look empty like below. Let's start subscribing!

Step 3. Subscribe to a News Feed

1. Click Subscribe button at the top.

2. Insert an website URL and it will automatically detect RSS Feed, for example, https://ubuntubuzz.com.

3. Save. 

4. Once subscribed, feed will appear on left while news next to it.



Step 4. Subscribe to More Feeds

Repeat Step 3 above for Example Feeds next section. Get yourself accustomed to adding more feeds! To delete a feed, simply click Wrench Button (

How To Use Ungoogled-Chromium Browser on Ubuntu

Thursday 7th of October 2021 06:30:00 AM

A Chromium web browser version with Google integration completely removed for privacy-oriented computer users, that is Ungoogled-Chromium. This tutorial will explain how to install it on Ubuntu, use DuckDuckGo Search engine, and make it default browser with quick and clear instructions. Let's do it!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.1. Download Ungoogled

Visit  Ungoogled Download Website → download the AppImage for Linux option → you saved a file with .AppImage name extension.


2. Run It

Double-click the AppImage → Ungoogled browser runs. 


If it does not work, give it permission first: right-click the AppImage file → Properties → Permissions → give check mark to 'Allow executing file as program'  → OK.


3. Set Search Engine and Default Browser

At first run, Ungoogled browser cannot search so when you type anything and press Enter, no result will appear. To enable search: click triple dots button → Settings → Search Engine → select DuckDuckGo under search engine option → now search engine works. 

To make Ungoogled Chromium your default browser: visit Search Engine settings above → click Make Default → the browser has made default.


4. Install Extensions

Ungoogled browser also cannot install extensions by default. To enable extension installation: 

1. Open two new tabs.

2. On first tab, visit this extension web page.

3. Download the CRX (.crx) file under Assets section.

4. On second tab, click triple dots button → Settings → Extensions → enable Developer Mode. 


5. Drag and drop the CRX file to Extensions page → Install → browser is ready to install more extensions.

6. Visit Chrome Web Store and install any extensions you want. We recommend uBlock Origin, an ad blocker, for first starter.

5. Add To Applications Menu

You can add Ungoogled Chromium to start menu manually by using utility program named Alacarte. To do so: open Alacarte → open Internet category → Add Item → give it name Chromium Browser → click Browse and pick the Ungoogled Chromium Appimage file → give it logo (UngoogledChromium.png) → OK → try to find Chromium on start menu.


Alternative Installation

For GNU/Linux users, Ungoogled Chromium is available alternatively at Flathub.org. Installing this way allows you to receive updates automatically. To install it from Flathub.org on Ubuntu, see Simple Guide to Install Flatpak.


Happy browsing!

This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

How To Install Flatpak Made Simple

Wednesday 6th of October 2021 04:11:00 PM

This tutorial explains computer users how to quickly, easily download and install applications on GNU/Linux by using Flatpak. Flatpak, with its apps download website Flathub.org, is a new technology to make end-users easily get apps they want regardless their distro choices and versions. We will learn by example using Fedora Workstation here and it is applicable to other distros. Let's start app hunting!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.


I Want To Know Flatpak!

What is Flatpak? Simple explanation can go this way: Flatpak to GNU/Linux users is similar to how Android and iOS users download, install, update and remove their applications in a standardized way. Speaking about package file formats: Android's APK, iOS' IPA, and GNU/Linux's Flatpak. Speaking about app download center: Android's Play Store, iOS' AppStore, and GNU/Linux's Flathub. Lastly, among unique benefits of Flatpak is that end-users can install applications regardless their distro versions.

Requirement

You would need a suitable OS and a wealthy internet. The best practice is to use an operating system that supports Flatpak by default. We already published the article so you can choose one and here we pick Fedora Workstation. For Ubuntu and other distros, simply follow the guide at Flathub.org. Please beware as playing with Flatpak would require a lot of internet access so your data quota may empty quickly practicing this.


Preparation

Before doing step 1, please do this preparation first. On web browser, visit Flatpak Setup for Fedora → click Flathub Repository File button there → GNOME Software opened → click INSTALL → Flathub.org added as your new download center for applications → restart your computer. You are now ready for step 1.


Step 1. Get Started

Run your Software Center → at first run, wait until it finished downloading software catalog → when it displays applications on screen, it's ready.


Step 2. Visit Flathub

Run your web browser → visit https://flathub.org → take your time exploring applications there → proceed to next step. You will use one of these to practice the next step.


Several good applications and games we recommend:

  • OBS Studio: professional livestreaming, video recording and screencasting tool.
  • Xonotic: first person shooting game with nice 3D graphics, fast gameplay, and multiplayer option you can play with friends.
  • Zeroad: ancient warfare real-time strategy game similar to Age of Empires.
  • Tuxmath: clever game to make kids love math by playing with cute Penguins.
  • Joplin: writing and note taking use-everywhere app similar and compatible to Evernote.

 

Step 3. Install Application


1. On your web browser: pick one application at Flathub.org, let's say 0AD.

2. Click INSTALL.

3. Pick 'Open With: Software Install' and Download.

4. GNOME Software will display the application and click INSTALL.

5. App installed. 

6. Repeat 1-5 for any other apps from Flathub.org.


 Step 4. Install Applications with just Software Center

Lastly, you can use only Software Center without web browser to install apps from Flathub.org as long as Flathub.org is already added. 

1. Open GNOME Software. 

2. Search for applications and pick one, let's say, Joplin.

NOTE: Software will inform you whether an app is from Flathub (dl.flathub.org) at the top-right corner or right below the screenshot picture section.

3. Click install. 

4. Application installed.

5. Repeat 1-4 for any other applications.

If you do not find any Flathub apps, do Preparation Step above. That's all!

Happy working!

This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

File Searching on elementary OS

Wednesday 6th of October 2021 02:41:00 AM

This simple tutorial explains how to search files and folders on elementary OS. This uses Files, the default file manager of elementary OS, also known as Pantheon Files and io.elementary.files. It is not to be confused with Files, the file manager of Ubuntu also known as Nautilus. This is based on today's latest elementary OS 6 codenamed Odin and in the future it might change like any other software.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.


Step 1. Open File Manager

On elementary OS, your file manager's name is Files

To open your file manager: open Applications Menu on top → click Files.


Step 2. Search

To start search, click address bar (or press Ctrl+F) → type your keyword → search result displayed in form of drop-down list → click one item to open it → press Esc to close search.

elementary OS does not display search results like any other OSes but only in form of list without thumbnail previews at least up to version 6.


Step 3. Show More Results

To show more results in a search, do search → click More Results ... to bottom of the search result → click it again to show more (if any) → press Esc to close search.

 

Tips and Tricks

Outside of the search functionality, you can also do these:

Colors: right-click any file or folder → select a color of available colors → its file name colored. This trick helps you find files by colors!

Recent Files: go to Recent (below Home on your file manager's left panel) to find out files and folders you accessed around lately.

Show Hidden Files: right-click empty area → Show Hidden Files (or press Ctrl+H) to reveal hidden files and folders so you can find one among them. On elementary OS, hidden files are files or folders which each of names started with a dot such as .mydocument or .mytext.txt.

Sorting: right-click empty area → Sort by → Date will show you latest edited files and folders on top while alternatively Sort By → type will arrange up your files according to their file types so you can find a certain file quicker.

Happy computing!

This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

File Searching on Ubuntu

Tuesday 5th of October 2021 08:03:00 AM

This simple tutorial explains how to search files and folders on Ubuntu. This uses Files, the default file manager on Ubuntu also known as Nautilus.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates. 

Step 1. Run File Manager

Your file manager name is Files. Run file manager by clicking its icon on left panel. Alternatively, open Applications Menu and type file manager and click Files.


Step 2. Open The Place You Want To Search

For example, to search within Documents you first open Documents. Another example, to search within DATA partition (if any), you first open DATA partition. Likewise, adapt it to your situation there.


NOTE: your data partitions (if you have) can be opened from Other Locations to the left-bottom of file manager.


Step 3. Search

Click Magnifier Glass (

Distros Which Adopted Flatpak in 2021

Sunday 3rd of October 2021 03:17:00 PM

Flatpak is one standardized way for computer end-users to get applications on any GNU/Linux distro any version. With Flatpak there is Flathub, a central place on the internet where users can download applications in Flatpak format like LibreOffice, 0AD Strategy Game, and VLC Media Player. Now, there are several distros which included Flatpak out-of-the-box (called "Flatpak distro" here) so their users could simply click and install applications they want. This article is a simple, practical explanation of Flatpak for everyone especially computing beginners. Let's dive in!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.



See also 2021 Wayland Distros

I Want To Know Flatpak

Simply visit Flathub.org and see applications offered there. For instance, see shooting game Xonotic, web browser Firefox, and a video editor Kdenlive. They are all applications that end-users can install on any GNU/Linux any version through Flatpak. When you want Flatpak apps? For example, when your GNU/Linux version is old and you want a new LibreOffice version not available from your distro. For that purpose, with selection of distros mentioned below, you can do that on your computer. 

Distros Which Adopted Wayland in 2021

Saturday 2nd of October 2021 08:12:00 AM
This article lists out several major GNU/Linux operating systems which adopted Wayland technology in favor of the older Xorg by default. Through this article we also introduce two new software called Sway and Wayfire that work with Wayland. This includes Ubuntu and Debian, several more, and some important information about Wayland at the end of article.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.
I Want To Know Wayland!
Most end-users will not feel the difference between running OS with either Xorg or Wayland option. Wayland is a technology which controls how Graphical User Interface (GUI) on GNU/Linux operating systems displayed to the user which is now viewed by some people as a replacement to the old technology called Xorg. It is about choice: most distros use Xorg up to today, but situation is changing now as several distros mentioned below already adopted Wayland by default. In the future, there is a possibility that many distros would adopt Wayland and leaving Xorg. For end-users, this may affects their apps that is whether an app could run properly on Wayland or not. To know Wayland best, simply download and try one of distros mentioned below.

Ubuntu
Starting version 21.04 codenamed Hirsute Hippo, Ubuntu is Wayland by default by still retaining Xorg for backward compatibility. Note: as I use it everyday since its release to date, I can report that it works with screen recording (Kazam), screen sharing and video calls (Jitsi Meet via Firefox). Download Ubuntu.
Debian

Since version 11 codenamed Buster, Debian is Wayland by default (if you install GNOME version). Download Debian.  




Fedora

Since version 34 which is monumental with the brand new GNOME 40, Fedora is on Wayland by default. Download Fedora Workstation

 

 

openSUSE

Starting version Leap 15, openSUSE GNOME is on Wayland by default. Download openSUSE Leap.



Garuda

Garuda offers two Wayland editions users may choose, Sway Edition and Wayfire Edition. For your information, Sway and Wayfire are two choices of GUI software ("window managers") which are created for GNU/Linux with Wayland technology. Thanks to Wayfire, Garuda on Wayland can display 3D Cube Desktop and other effects similar to Compiz on Xorg. Download Garuda. Related Software
Sway Window Manager
This is the GUI software for Wayland that is a drop in replacement to i3 window manager on Xorg. Any distro featuring Sway must be a Wayland distro. Visit website.




Wayfire Compositor
This is a GUI software with 3D desktop effects for Wayland that is similar to Compiz on Xorg. Any distro featuring Wayfire must be a Wayland distro. Visit website.

Related Discussions

On the other hand, distros which did not adopt Wayland released in 2021 are among others:

  • elementary OS 6 (August)
  • Linux Mint 20.2 (July)
  • MX 19.4 (April)
  • Manjaro 21 (March)


Further Readings

What is Wayland? The Frequently Asked Questions

Words from Xorg Release Manager

Ubuntu official news on switching to Wayland

This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

How To Voice Video Calls on XMPP and Matrix Made Simple

Friday 1st of October 2021 05:29:00 PM

This tutorial explains how to quickly voice and video call with friends and family using XMPP and Matrix telecommunication services. This tutorial's aimed for people who want easy calls without technical knowledge especially school teachers and computing beginners. Thus, we will use Movim and Schildi via web browser so we can call everywhere both on desktop and mobile. Let's do it. 

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.


See also: Movim & Element Comparison


Requirements

To call, you need to fulfill the followings:

  • Registered accounts: each one of you, friends and family must have account from the telecommunication service. Do register to either one of XMPP or Matrix.
  • Web browser: Firefox or Chromium or Safari to access the service. Other browsers might do not support video call.
  • Microphone and/or camera: to establish voice and/or video call. Laptops generally already fulfilling this.

Once all requirements OK, please do the following steps.

Step 1. Registration

To call via XMPP or Matrix, each person should register for an account if he/she does not have an account yet. The good things are: registration price is free (gratis) and phone number / email address is not required.

 

Step 2. Login

XMPP: visit mov.im → login with your username and password → Movim chat will open → you are ready to communicate.

Matrix: visit app.schildi.chat → login with your username and password → Schildi Chat will open → you are ready to communicate.

⭐ BONUS: for long time XMPP users, if you already registered an account on server other than Movim, you can login to Movim with your XMPP account. For example, if you are registered to Jabber, Xabber or Conversations service, then you can use that account without registering a new one.

 

Step 3. Add Contacts

To call your friend of family, you should have their contacts first.

XMPP: visit your Movim chat → click Plus button → type your friend's account in the contact finder → add him/her.

Matrix: visit your Schildi Chat → click Start Chat button → type your friend's account in the people finder → click Go.


Step 4. Voice Call

To call, you push Call button on a contact.

XMPP: click a contact → click telephone handle button to the top → wait your friend to accept → talk.


Matrix: click a contact → click telephone handle button → wait your friend to accept → talk → click red button to end call.


Step 5. Video Call

To call, you push Camera button on a contact.

XMPP: click a contact → click telephone handle button to the top → wait for your friend to accept → allow microphone and camera access → talk.
Matrix: click a contact → click telephone handle button → allow microphone and camera access if asked → wait your friend to accept → talk.

 

Step 6. Conference

Only Matrix allows you to voice / video conference at the moment. To conference, you need to invite 2 contacts or more then Call together.

Matrix: on a contact, click Room Info → click '2 people' → click Invite to this room → select one of your friends or family → added → click Call or Camera button → wait for participants to join → talk together.

7. Screen Sharing

Lastly, you can share your computer screen by firstly do video call or conference then click the button. This  feature is mostly useful for teachers or technical support staffs.

XMPP: video call a contact → click Share Screen button → select and allow Entire screen → click same button to disable Screen Sharing.
Matrix: video call a contact → click Share Screen button → select and allow Entire Screen → click same button to disable Screen Sharing.

Happy calling!

This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

Element and Movim Messengers Comparison Made Simple

Tuesday 28th of September 2021 04:10:00 PM

This is my simple overview of two greatest group chat messengers from decentralization family, Element of Matrix and Movim of XMPP, with easy point of view everyone can try themselves. This is a discussion of usability from an end user without talking about technology stuffs like security or protocol. Let's chat!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.

 

About The Messengers

 

Element and Movim are choices of instant messenger, full featured communication tools which do not require phone number to use and are Free Libre Open Source Software. You can view either of both as competitor and alternative to WhatsApp, Discord, Slack and Zoom. The unique thing in this two is the federation in their telecommunication system which enables everyone to be technologically independent. All in all, we will go to see them in the rest of this article.


1. Basics

To know the messengers, let's visit them:

 https://element.io

 

 https://movim.eu

 

Element and Movim are telecommunication choices which can be used as internet messengers such as for connecting with friends and family, chatting, group chat, sending photo and file, voice and video calls, screen sharing and more. You can access them using web, desktop, or mobile as they are basically computer applications, which are Free Libre Open Source Software, and you can worry less as they promised End-to-End-Encryption. To communicate, public registrations are available for free with no phone number nor email required.

  • Name: Element
  • Technology basis: Matrix
  • Access: web, desktop app, mobile app
  • Software license: Free Software (Apache License)
  • Operator: New Vector Ltd., United Kingdom (for-profit company)
  • Name: Movim
  • Technology basis: XMPP
  • Access: web, mobile
  • Software license: Free Software (GNU AGPL)
  • Operator: Timothée Jaussoin, French and Germany (non-profit team)



Registration:

To sign up for free we visit:

 https://app.element.io

 

 https://mov.im

 

To use the messengers, one must register first. Both offer gratis registrations for anyone. Both are very easy and short with no phone number required. These are certainly highly appealing to everyone especially those who have experience using another phone number-required IMs like WhatsApp or Signal. However, both involves reCaptcha as spam prevention.

User IdentitiesOur identities look like:

 @purplesky:matrix.org

 

 purplesky@movim.eu

 

Above are my Element and Movim accounts (can also be said Matrix and XMPP accounts). They're examples of registered user identities and both look like email address. Like other identities, every user must have such account to be able to communicate with other persons. Once registered, you may try to add my address then have a chat explained below.

LoginsTo login, we visit these addresses:

 app.element.io

 

 mov.im

 

Once registered, user logins with his/her account (a pair of username and password). Element involves an additional step after logged in (can be skipped), that is, Device Verification while Movim does not.

2. User Interface

Structure: both are similar with a column of controls, a column of contacts / chats, a biggest column of chat, with exception that Element has right panel (similar to Telegram's) while Movim has not.

Contacts: to instant messenger users, surprisingly, Element does not while Movim does have Contacts List concept. In Movim, you add people's contacts as normally you did with emails and IMs. But in Element, you don't have a contacts list feature, no Add Contact activity either, but instead a history of chats with people and simply Direct Message a person to make contact him/her. (Note: to XMPP users, this means Element does not have "roster").

Readability: at first glance, Element is heavier while Movim's is lighter to read because of the absence and presence of chat bubbles (dialog balloons). In this regard, Movim looks better.

Load: overall Movim is lighter to use than Element in my experience.

Speed: overall both are fast enough I can chat with friends nicely. Movim experiences lags whenever changing between chatroom and social network room. Element is slow when logging in.

 Dark Mode

Both support Dark Mode user interface feature. To enable it:

 Click your profile picture → Switch to Dark/Light Mode.


 Click Configuration → Configuration tab → enable/disable Night Mode → Save.

Both look arguably better and cooler in dark.


Friend Finder:

Both include ability to search, find and chat more friends.

Element: click Plus (Start Chat) button → Direct Messages will open → enter a friend's account like @purplesky:matrix.org → that person will appear → click his/her avatar → click Go → start chatting.

Movim: click Chat → click Plus button → Explore section will open → enter a friend's account like purplesky@movim.eu → that person will appear → click his/her avatar → add to contact → start chatting.

Beyond messengers: in Element, you can chat with people who have Matrix accounts although the do not use or registered to Element Messenger. Likewise, in Movim, you can chat with people who have XMPP accounts although they do not use or registered to Movim Messenger. This interoperability feature is important to both messengers.

 

3. Chatting

 Element: find a friend → start chatting.


 Movim: find a friend → start chatting.

 

What's the purpose of Element and Movim? It's to chat. You can text your friends anything. Both can edit and delete sent text messages. However, both cannot select multiple messages at once by cursor drag (unlike Telegram or WhatsApp), so to delete multiple messages one should delete them one by one.

Searching:Surprisingly, searching for chat messages does not feel like normal searching one experienced in other messengers.

Element can only search messages within individual chat, not in whole contacts. 

Movim cannot search messages.

 

Anyone who uses a messenger for frequent or serious purpose (friendship, family, work and teaching) will need searching feature. However, in this point both cannot completely satisfy such needs.

Forwarding:Surprisingly, forwarding is also different to what we normally experienced in other messengers.

Element: hover a message → click Forward button → select a destination.

Movim: does not support message forwarding.

 

Only Element support forwarding. However, it cannot forward multiple messages at once like mentioned above. Movim does not support all kinds of forwarding including text, photos and files. Either one, to forward multiple messages, user should do it one by one and in Movim by doing copy paste manually.


Photo and File SharingBoth feature photo and file sharing as following:

Element: open a chat → click Paper Clip button → select a photo or two → Open → photo(s) uploaded → alternatively, drag and drop photo(s) from file manager to Element's web browser. 

Movim: open a chat → click Paper Clip button → select a photo or two → Open → photo(s) uploaded → alternatively, drag and drop photo(s) from file manager to Movim's web browser.

Only Element supports uploading multiple photo at a time, both do not support labeling photo (like Telegram does), and Movim cannot delete uploaded pictures.

4. Video Calls and Screen Sharing

Element features voice, video calls, screen sharing and conferences. 

Movim features voice, video calls and screen sharing.

 

Both support calling with voice and/or video. However, only Element supports conference i.e. calling multiple users at a time with voice and/or video. To call someone, in Element you select a friend and click Call button; likewise in Movim, you select a contact and click Call button. Both support camera front/back switching on mobile devices, for example, instead of showing your face you can show scenery in front of you. See next section for the pictures.

To do screen sharing: first start video call → switch camera to screen → select Entire Screen option. Please note that on mobile (Android), there is no screen sharing feature. Picture below depicts capabilities of Element and Movim in video, voice call and screen sharing using desktop and mobile devices.


5. Advanced FeaturesAll federated telecommunication are generally more advanced with additional features for example bridging to different messengers, compatibility with different servers, social media, and blog platform.
Bridging:

Both feature bridging (federation) which is ability to connect to telecommunications other than themselves.

Element bridges internally to other Matrix-based messengers as well as externally to email, IRC, Telegram, Signal, Slack WhatsApp and others.

Movim bridges internally to other XMPP-based messengers and externally to Telegram and Discord. Type a friend's XMPP account whatever their server is you can reach them from Movim.

In bridging, Element is far wider than Movim.


Alternative Logins:

Once registered in Element and Movim, you can use your account to login to other messengers as long as they are based on same technologies, Matrix and XMPP, respectively. (Want to learn more? It's federation.) This is useful if you want alternative messengers other than Element and Movim, for example, Schildi and Xabber, respectively.

With your Element account, you can alternatively login using SchildiChat, FluffyChat, Nheko and others so called "Matrix clients".

With your Movim account, you can alternatively login using Conversations, Converse, Snikket, Xabber,  and others so called "XMPP clients".


Blogging Platform:

Element does not have blogging platform.

Movim is a blogging platform.

 

Only Movim features blogging where individual user is already a blogger owner who can publish posts, got subscribers, receive like and comments by the others. This feature is new and unique not only in comparison with Element but also to the entire XMPP world itself where Movim is based upon -- since 1998 no other parties made such thing. Now people could get their messaging and blog in one place, that is, Movim.

For example:


Social media:

Element has no social media.

Movim is a social media.


Only Movim features social media similar to either Facebook or Twitter in style where people make statuses and can like, comment and subscribe each others. This feature (along with its blogging) is also new and unique. Now people can get their messaging and social media in one place, that is, Movim. Picture below depicts a status activity where several people liked and commented. 



6. Logouts

To logout is as follows.

Element: click your profile > Sign Out.

Movim: click Disconnect button (bottom-left) > Disconnect.

 

In Element, as everything is tied to E2EE security, logout sometimes might require you to Verify Device or doing Secure Backup (so mostly is smooth but sometimes not) similar to what you did when login. In Movim, although there is OMEMO security enabled, logout is as smooth as its login, no additional verification happening.


7. Issues

Several not comfortable things we found:

We feel Element not comfortable mainly by its mandatory verification at each login time, sometimes messages cannot be read, and its lack of text chat bubbles.

Movim feels not comfortable mainly by sometimes messages cannot be read (fewer than Element's), no Reply if encryption enabled, and manual feelings in uploading-forwarding-deleting items.

 

8. Summary and Conclusion
  • Both are full featured E2EE messengers user friendly and cross platform.
  • Element is a professional full featured modern messenger ready to replace anything else with several usability notes.
  • Movim seems to be the best XMPP messenger for everyone where most people can access with full features.

 

Future Wishes

This comparison is not perfect and not complete either but just a subjective comparison with my own criteria that does not cover all users' needs. Please note that everything mentioned above is subject to changes in the future so someday one current issue might be solved and likewise one convenience might turn into discomfort

To date, there is no comparison published on the internet discussing Element and Movim that's why this article is written. About the comparison itself, we can hope someone else could write a better or more thorough, hopefully objective comparison for end user's needs. About the messengers itself, we hope they will be better and more satisfying for all users in all needs to win computer users' freedom. 

Several wishes for Element:

- Chat bubbles (dialog balloons)
- Contacts List
- Multiple selection
- Multiple forward

Several wishes for Movim:

- Video conferences
- Reply
- Forward
- Multiple upload files
- Album for multiple photos
- Multiple message selection

Enjoy chatting!

Join Developments 

To close this article: are you interested in getting involved with Element and Movim? You can open links below to either help fund or code for them. Finally, let's share once again!

Element: Fund and Develop

Movim: Donate and Develop

 

This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

Sepia, Search Engine for PeerTube

Friday 24th of September 2021 01:47:00 PM

Want to search for videos published at PeerTube? Now it is easy with Sepia, the search engine for PeerTube. Go to sepiasearch.org and simply type a keyword then click search to find videos. Please help us share about PeerTube, a YouTube alternative that is fully controlled by users.

See also: PeerTuber Guide | Alternative World | Side by Side Comparison 


This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

GNOME 41 Overview and Where to Download

Thursday 23rd of September 2021 04:11:00 PM

GNOME 41, the latest stable version of an easy and elegant desktop user interface, just released Wednesday 22 September 2021 six month after the previous version. This article overviews the release with step by step guide for you to download and try it out on computer. Thanks to GNOME, now software freedom is more user friendly and accessible for all computer users!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.


Overview

GNOME 41 is fast on computer! Several things that would impact end users including:

  • Speed improvement, faster than 40 even faster than 38.
  • Memory friendliness, you might find 41 lighter than prior versions.
  • Multitasking, a new entry in Settings to configure workspaces.
  • GNOME Shell Extensions now moved to new app called Extensions, not in Tweaks anymore. 
  • By time, GNOME 41 will eventually be available in multiple GNU/Linux operating systems. See availability info at Further Reading.

Official video published by The GNOME Project can be viewed below:

If you cannot watch YouTube directly, watch this video via Invidious


Community Events

Discussing GNOME 41 involves its community events happening beyond the screen. It releases around the time when multiple events of its community being held including this year's GUADEC and GNOME Asia conferences. Are you a computer science or informatics student? You are invited to join GNOME development as a software developer. Want to help fund GNOME? You can donate to foster GNOME development.


Where To Download

To get GNOME 41 running on your computer, you can either install it on an existing OS or download an OS preinstalled with it. In this article, we choose the second choice. Download openSUSE Next, it is the GNOME operating system everyone can use today. Once downloaded, your file will look as a file with ISO image type with some 1.3GB size named more or less same as mine GNOME_Next.x86_64-41.0-Build14.334.iso. More alternatives are coming by time and the information can be followed at Further Readings.

 

How To Make a Boot Disk

Once downloaded, you should burn the ISO image file to a USB flash drive. To do so is easy using program like Disk Utility, Rufus or Unetbootin

 

How To Run GNOME System
  1. Plug the USB into the USB port.
  2. Power on your computer and immediately enter BIOS. 
  3. Switch your BIOS to boot first to USB.
  4. Save BIOS configuration and restart. 
  5. openSUSE GNOME screen will welcome you.
  6. Press Enter to select its 1st option.
  7. GNOME 41 system will run on your computer. 

 

(GNOME applications menu displaying installed apps and running ones)


Play With GNOME System

Once running, you can try to play around with your new user interface:

  • Push your cursor to topleft. What happens?
  • Click Activities, click 9 dots, what happens?
  • Run several apps and repeatedly press Windows key. What happens?
  • Likewise, press Windows+A instead. What happens?
  • Run an app, press Windows+H, what happens?
  • Run an app, hold Windows key, play with arrow keys. What happens?

(Podcasts app showing a latest episode from Fedora Project Podcast that discusses GNOME 41 and Maps app showing Jakarta, Capital of Indonesia)
 

Issues

I can confirm that GNOME Software is not working as expected on openSUSE Next which I use to try out 41. It failed to display offered applications unlike what reported on the Release Notes. This is a known issue on Software I experience every time new GNOME version released. Other issue is that Nautilus File Manager's image preview is not working and this is also an old issue I always experience with openSUSE Live.


Further Readings

 

Announcement

Release Notes

Mailing List Message

Availability on Multiple Distros

GNOME User Guide

This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

Chat Bubbles on Element and Several Matrix Apps

Wednesday 22nd of September 2021 09:25:00 AM

This simple comparison wants to help everyone adopt alternative messaging technology, Matrix, with suitable user interface to them. We call Matrix Apps to instant messengers like Element, Fluffy, Nheko, Schildi and Spectral as they are created based upon the said technology. We will start by setting up criteria first that includes chat bubbles, then going through these messengers one by one, and you will see their pictures here along with a little comments from me. I hope you can pick up the messenger with UI you love the most from here.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.

 

Criteria

This comparison is written by me who use Telegram. Anyone who use WhatsApp, Signal, Delta, Jami and other messengers would understand in no time. Another valid comparison is Movim from another decentralization choice XMPP. This comparison views that a good UI should:

1. Limit text length (dialog balloons). 

Too long text length decreases or destroys readability. Your chats will be difficult to read. Free space are important.

2. Hides unnecessary text, or be able to.

Ability to hide joined/left and other non-chat messages are important.

3. Shrinks left panel, or be able to.

This helps both user's privacy and chatroom's space.

4. Has context menu to reply.

Right-click or hover button to reply is important.

5. Limits picture length. 

Screen-wide pictures disturb chats, see number 1.

All screenshots presented below display hidden left sidebar if the messengers supports it except those which do not. Here we go!

 

Element (Web)


Login: app.element.io

1. Bubbles? No.

2. Hide Tech Text? Yes, but disabled by default.

3. Hide Sidebar? Yes.

4. Reply Menu? No.

5. Shrink Pictures? No.


Note: with Element, you can see how the text flows without bubbles (balloons) and not limited to half width of the screen. This text approach is more like IRC and far away from normal messengers.

FluffyChat (Web)


Login: fluffychat.im/web

1. Bubbles? Yes.

2. Hide tech text? No.

3. Hide sidebar? No.

4. Reply menu? No.

5. Shrink pictures? Yes.  


Note: Fluffy offers more normal messenger experience with chat bubbles (balloons) and limited width of both text and pictures but it cannot shrink left panel at the moment. However, Fluffy has a "unique" way in replying that is not using right-click not hover button either but with click-to-show-bottom-menu instead.


Nheko Reborn (Desktop)

Download: nheko-reborn.github.io

1. Bubbles? No.

2. Hide tech text? No.

3. Hide sidebar? Yes.

4. Reply menu? Yes.

5. Shrink pictures? Yes.


Note: Nheko repeats Element's user interface which is IRC styled however its left panel can be shrunk.

SchildiChat (Web)


Login: app.schildi.chat

1. Bubbles? Yes.

2. Hide tech text? Yes, for joined/left only.

3. Hide sidebar? Yes.

4. Reply menu? Yes.

5. Shrink pictures? Yes.

Note: Schildi looks like what Element must be from a normal messenger user's point of view.


Spectral (Desktop)


Download: spectral.im


1. Bubbles? Yes, but looks imperfect.

2. Hide tech text? No.

3. Hide sidebar? No.

4. Reply menu? Yes

5. Shrink pictures? No.

Note: Spectral uses bubbles already but without limiting each width, and its left panel cannot be shrunk, and this resulting in same user interface issues with the IRC-styled Element.
 

Conclusion

The most satisfying messenger's user interface according to this article is SchildiChat thanks to its fulfillment to the 5 criteria above. These apps can still change in the future but for now we recommend Schildi for everyone who wants experience similar to normal messengers like WhatsApp or Telegram for Matrix. Congratulations Schildi developers for successfully making it this way!


This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

What to Do After Installing Debian 11 Bullseye

Tuesday 21st of September 2021 07:21:00 AM

This article recommends Debian 11 users after-installation tips and tricks including simple guide to get additional useful applications. For new Debian users, this article is for you. Let's check it out.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.

Gestures and Networking

Touchpad got reversed? Make it normal: open Settings → Touchpad → disable Natural Scrolling → close.

Wifi not working? First aid is to use USB tethering: pick up your phone → connect it to laptop via USB cable → go to phone's Settings → enable USB tethering → laptop connected to the internet.

Terminal felt hard to open? Create a custom shortcut key: Settings → Keyboard Shortcuts → click Plus button to bottom → give it name Terminal → give it command 'gnome-terminal' without quotes → click Shortcut button > press Ctrl and Alt and T keys simultaneously → OK → Apply. 

 

Privacy and Browser

Debian 11 includes Firefox ESR web browser thus you can start adding privacy addons and switch to a better search engine. The addons are uBlock Origin (ad blocker) and HTTPS Everywhere (automatically secure your browsing). The search engine is either DuckDuckGo or StartPage.

Want more privacy? Open Settings → Privacy → you can adjust various options like disabling Location Service, Camera and Microphone with exceptions you can control and more.

Dislike how your browser look? Revert it back: right-click browser window to the top → Customize... → enable Title Bar to the bottom → Done. This will bring back normal title bar so you can easily work with browser window as usual.


Multimedia Stuffs

Debian 11 can play MP3 and MP4 already therefore no additional video audio codecs need to be installed. However, if you want to start audio visual production: 

Audacity: sudo apt-get install audacity

The audio editor you can use to cut and join digital recordings.  

OpenShot: sudo apt-get install openshot

To video editor that is simple to use similar to Windows Movie Maker.


Email and Communication Stuffs

To configure your email app: open Evolution →  Welcome to Evolution! → click next buttons to the email username and IMAP settings → enter your email address and name → let it automatically setup them for you → it asks for your email's password → type it → OK → system will ask about keyring passwords > just click OK → finished. Once setup properly, Evolution will display your email inbox.

To get multiple choices of messaging apps:

XMPP: movim.eu is our recommendation, the web based client everyone everywhere can use.

Matrix: app.element.io is our recommendation, the web based client all can use.

Telegram: desktop.telegram.org is our recommendation, simply download → extract → run the desktop client → login, where voice and video calls can be used.

 

Dualboot with Windows Setup

Your fonts: in Debian there are replacements as the following:

  • Liberation Serif = Times New Roman
  • Liberation Sans = Arial or Calibri
  • Liberation Mono = Courier New

However, if you are forced to use Windows fonts mentioned, consider to copy the files with .ttf extensions from C: partition under Fonts folder and paste them to your Debian's Home in the .fonts folder.


Screen Management

Switch resolution: open System Settings → Displays → Resolution → click to switch the resolution → Apply → Keep Changes → resolution switched.

Enlarge fonts: System Settings → Accessibility → click Large Fonts → text fonts enlarged on screen. This setup could be useful a lot for elderly people.

Revert to Xorg: Debian 11 uses Wayland tech. by default. If you wish to switch back to Xorg (X11) tech., simply logout → change Wayland to X11 by the gear button → login → you use Xorg. 

 

Good luck!

This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

Delta Chat, Overview and Installation

Monday 20th of September 2021 07:01:00 AM

The email messenger, Delta Chat, is a Germany communication app which everyone can use and just works friends and family even without them using the same application. This article overviews it and give installation guide for Ubuntu and Android users. Let's chat!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates.

What is Delta Chat?

Delta Chat is secure email-based instant messenger from Germany available in many languages and for all platforms. No server, no data collection, and no phone number required. In 2020, Russian Government requested the users' data and Delta Chat replied that they do not have user's data at all.


Features Your May Find Excellent
  • No registration, no phone number required.
  • No ads, no users' data business.
  • Does not have Terms of Service.
  • Chat and group chat.
  • Modern, fancy, WhatsApp-like user interface.
  • Can message people who do not use Delta Chat.
  • Video and voice call with Jitsi.
  • Automatic encryption with E2EE. 
  • For users, no need to selfhost. 
  • For selfhosters, you can use Delta with your IMAP servers.


Comparison to Other Messengers
  • Other ones cannot chat unless users use same messenger, Delta Chat can.
  • WhatsApp and alike require phone number, Delta does not.  
  • Skype and alike depend on central servers, Delta doesn't.
  • Facebook and alike store users' data, Delta is not.
  • Google and alike could read users data, Delta could not.
  • Apple and alike could be forced to give users' data to government, Delta could not be, because it does not have users' data.
  • However, Delta Chat does not have web version yet.
  • It is decentralized and federated already because it is based on email.


Download Delta Chat

Delta Chat can be downloaded at the official website. For Ubuntu, download the AppImage. For Android, you can download from either Play Store or F-Droid.

 

Ubuntu Installation
  • See the AppImage file you downloaded.
  • Right-click it > Properties > Permissions > Executable = checked > OK. 
  • Double-click file.
  • Delta Chat runs.
  • Use Alacarte application to put it on menu.


Android Installation

If you want to install Delta Chat from alternative app store F-Droid:

  • Run your F-Droid on phone.
  • Search and find Delta Chat. 
  • Tap INSTALL.
  • Run Delta Chat.


 

People's Opinions

This might be interesting to you. At the time I write this article (September 2021) many influential resources have not recognized nor recommended Delta Chat including FSF Directory, FSF Privacy Pack, SecureMessagingApps, PrivacyToolsIO, PrismBreak, and DroidBreak. On the other hand, Kuketz from Germany published a comparison table that includes Delta available here.

 

Further Readings

About Delta Chat

Frequently Asked Question


This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

What To Do After Installing elementary OS 6

Sunday 19th of September 2021 09:50:00 AM
This is a recommendation for new elementary OS users who just had version 6 codenamed Odin. It includes apps, settings, and some enhancements you would and might need. Enjoy elementary OS experience!
Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates. 
Apps Management Stuffs

There are work apps not included in elementary OS which we need to install ourselves for example LibreOffice, multimedia tools like Kdenlive, and games like TuxMath and 0 A.D. Follow this guide to get what you need: Guide to Install 20 Standard Apps on elementary OS.


We recommend Synaptic to help you manage standard apps:

$ sudo apt-get install synaptic apt-xapian-index software-properties-gtk


File Searching

Do you search often? Files does not have complete searching functionality thus you can add Catfish searching utility to help yourself. Once installed, open Files. To search files normally, right-click blank space in the folder you want to do search, open with Catfish, and search. That's it. 

To install Catfish:

$ sudo apt-get install catfish

 

Multimedia Stuffs

Failed playing MP4? Install codecs:

$ sudo apt-get install libavcodec-extra gstreamer1.0-libav


Desktop Theme Stuffs 

Enable Dark Mode: open System Settings > Desktop > Appearance > switch from Default to Dark Mode choice > close. Note: you can also schedule when your computer switches automatically to dark mode in that settings.

Screen and Accessibility

Shrink Resolution: open System Settings > Displays > click gear button > switch resolution to one you wish > Apply > Keep This Configuration > close.

Enlarge Fonts: open System Settings > Accessibility > enable Show in Panel (to bottom left) > the accessibility button will show on top panel > click it > click plus to increase screen's font size > click minus to decrease it.

 (Standard display resolution 1360x768 with text size made larger by 125%)

 

Hand Gesture Stuffs

For example, on one hand 6.0 introduces new shortcuts and on the other hand Terminal cannot be opened by our standard Ctrl+Alt+T so we can custom it.

Learn shortcut keys: hold Windows key to open the shortcuts list on screen.

Set custom shortcut: for example, to set one to Terminal, open System Settings > Keyboard > Shortcuts > change Windows+T to Ctrl+Alt+T > close.

Touchpad handling: go to System Settings > Mouse & Touchpad > Touchpad > enable Tap to click > disable Natural scrolling is good for most laptop users. 

Afterwords
Congratulations and thank you to elementary OS developers team for making version 6 great computing for people!


This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

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