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Updated: 3 hours 47 min ago

LinuxCon NA 2014 kicks off in Chicago, new Linux Certification Program announced

Wednesday 20th of August 2014 02:41:11 PM

“The demand for Linux skill has been far outpaced by the demand of Linux. 90% managers says its hard to find qualified Linux pro’s and the Linux Foundation has multiple efforts to help increase the supply of Linux talent,” said Jim Zemlin, executive director at The Linux Foundation, during the keynote at LinuxCon North America 2014.

To address this problem The Linux Foundation has announced a new certification program at LinuxCon NA 2014. The program is for both early-career and engineer-level systems administrators.

The foundation is giving away way nearly 1,000 free exams today to attendees at LinuxCon and CloudOpen and is offering exams to the next 500 people for a special introductory price of $50.

There is no region based restriction on the program; it doesn’t matter where in the world you are all you need is a web browser, microphone, Internet connection and web cam to take the performance-based exam.

The candidates will be tested on their ability to solve real problems in the command line rather than be tested on theory or be given multiple choice questions. The candidates will be free to choose any distributions from among these three CentOS, openSUSE or Ubuntu.

Jim said, “Our new Certification Program will enable employers to easily identify Linux talent when hiring and uncover the best of the best. We think Linux professionals worldwide will want to proudly showcase their skills through these certifications and that these certificates will become a hallmark of quality throughout our industry.”

The LFCS and LFCE exams cost $300 each and can be taken anywhere, anytime. Certification holders will receive a graphical mark designating their completion of the exam that can be displayed on resumes, LinkedIn profiles, websites and more.

Everyone attending the event got free certification exam! There was a card under each seat.

The post LinuxCon NA 2014 kicks off in Chicago, new Linux Certification Program announced appeared first on The Mukt.

Ubuntu MATE will become an official flavor

Tuesday 19th of August 2014 12:33:57 PM

Martin Wimpress updated the current development status of Ubuntu MATE in the distro’s blog today. In addition to the regular update, he has confirmed that the MATE variant is going to be recognized as an official Ubuntu flavor. Rejoice, MATE lovers!

The MATE desktop environment is a continuation of the GNOME 2 desktop environment for those who don’t like the bells and whistles of GNOME 3 but loved the simplicity and productivity GNOME 2.

The MATE team requested the Ubuntu Technical Board for an official flavor status recently and the board is supportive of the proposal. The MATE team has created the following PPA for staging Ubuntu MATE releases:

The PPA currently holds Ubuntu 14.04 PPA for MATE 1.8.1. There are some other formalities that the MATE team needs to complete before officially being declared a flavor but it seems that things are progressing smoothly and it’s just a matter of time till we get a new Ubuntu flavor.

In the meantime, Ubuntu MATE is approaching its Beta 1 stage. Tweaking the themes and adding Ubuntu MATE specific artwork are ongoing. The community has been contributing benevolently to different visual aspects like themes and wallpapers. Generai improvements include desktop policy privilege fixes, meta package improvements and aligning the core packages with the other Ubuntu flavors. Martin has been looking into the security aspects of the official website as well. He has made changes so that the Ubuntu MATE webserver will only deliver content over HTTPS using HSTS, PFS (perfect forward secrecy) and SPDY. Consequently the Ubuntu MATE website has received an A+ rating from SSL Labs.

There are areas where Ubuntu MATE needs help:

  • Bugs with plymouth
  • Issue with minimizing Google Chrome or Chromium
  • Ubuntu MATE specific Ubiquity slides
  • Folder icons for the proposed themes – Ambience MATE and Radiance MATE
  • Testing and bug reporting
  • Volunteers for proposed MATE Artwork team

Martin also confirmed that there are no known show stoppers right now and things look good for an August 28th release of Ubuntu MATE Beta1.

The post Ubuntu MATE will become an official flavor appeared first on The Mukt.

Defunct car batteries could make long-lasting solar panels

Monday 18th of August 2014 11:33:16 PM

Researchers at MIT have proposed a system that has the potential to resolve a major issue of industrial waste. Their new study shows how the waste of one system could be turned into a valuable resource for another. To put it into context, the new system recycles materials from discarded car batteries into new, long-lasting solar panels that provide emissions-free power.

The system, described in a paper in the journal Energy and Environmental Science, is based on a recent development in solar cells that makes use of a compound called perovskite — specifically, organolead halide perovskite — a technology that has rapidly progressed from initial experiments to a point where its efficiency is nearly competitive with that of other types of solar cells.

“It went from initial demonstrations to good efficiency in less than two years,” says Belcher, the W.M. Keck Professor of Energy at MIT.

Already, perovskite-based photovoltaic cells have proved to be more than 19 percent power-conversion efficient.

According to MIT’s David L. Chandler, initial descriptions of the perovskite technology identified its use of lead, whose production from raw ores can produce toxic residues, as a drawback. But by using recycled lead from defunct car batteries, the manufacturing process can instead be used to divert toxic material from landfills and reuse it in photovoltaic panels that could go on producing power for decades.

It is interesting to note here that as the perovskite photovoltaic material takes the form of a thin film just half a micrometer thick, the team’s analysis shows that the lead from a single car battery could make enough solar panels to provide power for 30 households.

The production of perovskite solar cells is said to be a relatively simple process. “It has the advantage of being a low-temperature process, and the number of steps is reduced” compared with the manufacture of conventional solar cells, Belcher says.

Those factors will help to make it “easy to get to large scale cheaply,” Chen adds.

The post Defunct car batteries could make long-lasting solar panels appeared first on The Mukt.

Sharp to launch thinnest and lowest-bezel smartphone ever

Monday 18th of August 2014 11:13:55 PM

With all the talk recently about Samsung, Motorola and OnePlus it is easy to forget there are other Android-device manufacturers out there and today we heard news from a real blast from the past.

Sharp (yes folks you heard right) have announced they are launching two new handsets in Japan and there is rumors circulating one of them will eventually hit stateside. Of the two handsets the Aquos Crystal is the handset that very well make it to the US market.

Yes, yes, another handset being released…so what are the specs?

Well this is where things get interesting. From want we understand this is actually not a hugely attractive spec-wise handset. In fact the specs are rather mediocre. The Aquos Crystal contains a 5” screen with a low (compared to what we are generally seeing these days) 1280 x 720 resolution.

OK, so a low resolution. Maybe the processor will be good? Again no, not really. The Aquos Crystal will contain a 1.2 GHz Qualcomm Snapdragon 400 processor which in reality is mainly used on budget devices.

Maybe Memory? Again no, the device will come loaded with 1.5 GB RAM and only contain a stingy 8 GB internal memory. Even the cameras are rather dated with the rear shooter offering 8 MP and the front camera a very basic 1.2 MP.

So why all the fuss? Well, the selling point for the Aquos Crystal is simply this – it has the lowest bezel count of any phone on the market. I bet you are impressed now! Oh, what is a bezel? Well, in short bezels represent the amount of space used around the screen. Put very bluntly the bezel count is best described as the screen’s outer frame. So this phone will be all screen and almost no frame.

Generally speaking the trend in devices these days is to lower the bezel count as much as possible. However in saying that the bezels do provide a level of stability and protection for the screen. The higher the bezel the less chance of accidently pressing or placing too much pressure on the screen. Sharp do not seem to be too worried about this and think by lowering the bezel as much as they have they can produce a much thinner handset than other manufacturers.

Will this be a success? Well, this is certainly the big question. Other than claiming to be the thinnest phone the specs really are rather boring with nothing really to note. So the price is likely to be a big factor in its success. It is likely the phone will do well-enough in Japan due to this being Sharp’s home market but as rumors are circulating about a US release it will be interesting to see how it does.

In terms of the US rumors we are hearing Sprint are the likely carrier that plans to bring the Aquos to the US market and we are even hearing it is possible to device will be available to buy on August 29th with pre-orders starting tomorrow. What makes this rumor more interesting is Sprint are planning to make some kind of announcement tomorrow at an event in New York. Will this be the Aquos Crystal announcement? We do not know but we certainly won’t have long to wait to find out. Interestingly the event is titled “Take the Edge Off” which seems to resonate quite well with the concept behind Sharp’s Aquos Crystal. To add more flavor the press advertising also seems to depict ‘crystals’.

Some are claiming the Sharp additions are revolutionary in terms of their design with the smallest screen-to-body ration ever but what do you think? Do you think there is any room left in the smartphone market for technically a new manufacturer? Would a more screen less bezel phone be enough to overlook the otherwise unremarkable specs? Are you interested in Sprint’s announcement tomorrow?

Let us know.

The post Sharp to launch thinnest and lowest-bezel smartphone ever appeared first on The Mukt.

Microsoft’s $200 HP laptop is not a Chromebook killer; it’s just a cheap, underpowered laptop

Monday 18th of August 2014 09:48:52 PM

First of all dear, The Verge, it is *not* a Chromebook Killer, because you need to understand what a Chromebook is before calling a low-end laptop with an OS no one wants as a killer laptop.

Now coming back to the news: HP is supposedly working on a low-cost Windows 8.1 laptop which will be sold for $199. It seems like ‘netbook v2′ strategy of Microsoft to hurt Linux. This time it’s not going to happen as we have a heavyweight like Google and not smaller Canonical.

I don’t see HP’s underpowered Windows machine to create even an atom sized dent in Chromebook market, let alone killing it. Here are some of my reasons:

An OS no one wants

Will it come with an OS which is fast becoming popular among average user as it is easy to use, no learning curver, or will it come with an OS everyone (other than Microsoft fans) hate and which is the reason why Microsoft has lost PC as well as mobile market to Linux via Android?

It’s not maintenance free

Windows 8.1 won’t be an maintenance free always up-to-date operating system which doesn’t involve any user interference to update it. All you need to do is reboot your Chromebook and it will be updated. Let’s get it clear – it is Windows and it’s not grandma proof, unlike Chrome OS it will break and you always need that ‘smart’ kid around the block to fix your computer.

A UI no one likes

Windows 8.x UI is a mess, a huge mess which no one likes. I used to have a Windows machine for film-editing, but now I am Windows free thanks to 8.x UI. It has the worst work-flow ever. So what will people choose? A mess UI or a UI which everyone is familiar with the good old WIMP interface?

Uncertainty over future

There is no confidence in what direction the OS will take as Microsoft itself is clueless about how to approach the post-PC era. On the contrary Google’s Chrome OS has matured and is getting tightly integrated with other Google services which offers a seamless experience irrespective of which device you are working from. We don’t know whether Microsoft will stick to the UI one year from now or slap a new OS – as it is still doing with each release.

It’s just another underpowered laptop

All I can see is ‘return’ of the netbook era where Microsoft pushed the under-powered netbooks which would simply crawl. Microsoft doesn’t have an ecosystem similar to Google, offline desktop applications will crawl, feel suffocated, on low powered devices and we don’t even know whether Microsoft Office will be offered for free or not.

It is a low end laptop powered by some AMD processor with 1366 x 768 pixel display, 2GB of RAM and we don’t know how sluggish the OS will be on these low-end devices when compared with extremely low-fat Chrome OS which is based on Gentoo Linux.

Such a low-powered devices won’t even make a decent Linux machine, unless I want to run a Debian server on it without any graphical need.

So, in a nut shell I don’t see a Chromebook killer device, I do see a dead on arrival devices if someone is too adamant about using the a word which has something to do with death.

The post Microsoft’s $200 HP laptop is not a Chromebook killer; it’s just a cheap, underpowered laptop appeared first on The Mukt.

Convergence will not happen, says KDE dev Aaron Seigo

Monday 18th of August 2014 06:24:35 PM

KDE developer Aaron Seigo put forward some strong points in his blog post supporting his opinion that Convergence is never going to happen. While everyone may not agree with him, his arguments in the light of KDE Plasma make sense in their own way. In Aaron’s view – Convergence will not happen because it has “already happened”.

Convergence is one of the most common buzzwords nowadays in consumer electronics. It means that the look and feel across devices of diverse form factors will be different and users will have similar experience while using those devices. Companies like Canonical, Microsoft and Apple are working actively towards Convergence.

In Aaron’s words – “it (convergence) means that different kinds of devices (e.g. a phone and a desktop; a tablet and a laptop) will “converge” into a single piece of hardware that can be used in different modes so that sometimes it has a “phone” style UI and sometimes a “desktop” one (for example).” Then he points out that while Plasma can reach that point, that never was the primary goal of Plasma’s flexibility.

Aaron believes that with growing range of devices from wearables to cars, the status of software convergence is immaterial. “There is value in having multiple devices with different form factors.” He cites some examples and use cases like a phone and a mediacenter. People prefer to keep their phone with them all the time, but is it logical to carry along a mediacenter? The second example is a more relevant one – a phone cum desktop. Can one receive a call without disturbing the ongoing desktop session?

However, Plasma attained something else already – “Plasma permits code to be shared between difference kinds of devices.” It can work on diverse devices without re-writing the code and it is designed to allow apps to switch from one form factor to another if they have to shift context. He points out that devs are writing apps from scratch for wearables and that shouldn’t have been the case. However, Plasma can run seamlessly on a truly “converged device” when required.

However, he agrees that there is an exception to this – the tablet/laptop case. They are so close in form factor that a tablet can be considered a laptop without a keyboard and mouse. Both are capable of content creation but with a difference. Types of content creation where a tablet falls short works ideally in case of a laptop. For example, drawing or editing a spreadsheet.

In Aaron’s opinion, Convergence has already happened. He mentions Microsoft’s Surface, which can be considered a tablet without the detachable keyboard and a laptop with it attached. Aaron warns devs not to assume that the rise of laptop/tablet means that convergence is happening widely just because ‘laptop” is closely tied with “the desktop”. That may lead to platform designs that no one will want to use.

Aaron will follow up with an article on KDE’s history with laptops, because therein lies the answer to what “the desktop” is.

The post Convergence will not happen, says KDE dev Aaron Seigo appeared first on The Mukt.

Raspberry Pi was created to solve talent crisis at Cambridge: Eben Upton [Interview]

Monday 18th of August 2014 04:09:14 PM

Raspberry Pi needs no introduction. It is one of the most popular credit card sized single board computers which has become a revolution in its own right. The $25 (and $35 for B model) hardware is being used in so many fields that it’s hard to keep a tab on it.

The popularity of the device owes a lot to community relationships that the foundation has created and maintained with the larger open source community.

We met Eben Upton, the founder of the Raspberry Pi foundation who also works with Broadcom as Technical Director and ASIC architect, at LinuxCon 2013 at New Orleans and discussed quite a bit around Raspberry Pi.

I am amongst those don’t know what was the driver behind Raspberry Pi and I was surprised with what Upton told me (if you have read the about page of the Raspberry Pi site, you would know this).

Raspberry Pi was created to a solve talent crisis at Cambridge

“Raspberry Pi was an attempt by us at the University of Cambridge to solve a recruitment crisis that we were having in the middle part of the last decade. We had too few people applying to study computer science and we found that the range of skills that people had when they came in, and these were incredibly bright young people, was nothing like what people had in the mid 1990s,” said Upton.

University of Cambridge, UK

The reason, at least one of the reasons, of this decline was that computer had become so expensive that it became hard for parents to help their children in experimenting with them. It was hard to find hardware which kids can use for experiments.

The team was looking for a low-cost solution which was capable enough of doing so many different things that it remains a viable experimenting platform.

It was not easy to get such hardware. Silicon was going to be the heart of it and they had to keep the costs low. That’s where close ties that Upton had with Broadcom helped him in getting access to the right silicon that he needed for the job.

The post Raspberry Pi was created to solve talent crisis at Cambridge: Eben Upton [Interview] appeared first on The Mukt.

We interview Michael Hall, Ubuntu app development liason

Monday 18th of August 2014 04:04:43 PM

Benjamin: Can you tell us a little about yourself?
Michael: My name is Michael Hall, I’ve been a software developer most of my career, touching on a number of popular and obscure languages and technologies. I’ve always had an interest in science and technology, and fell in love with computers when I got my first 386 at 11 years old. Now I’m grown up (legally anyway), married and have two kids, neither of which are terribly interested in computer science, but both of whom think open source is just the natural way things should be.

Benjamin: What is your title at Canonical and what does your role focus on?
Michael: I actually had to look this up in our internal directory. Technically my title is “Community Coordinator”, though I’ve formally and informally referred to myself as the “Upstream Liaison” and “App Development Liaison” depending on my focus at the time.

When I first joined Canonical’s Community Team my focus was on upstream relationships (Debian, Gnome, individual upstream projects, etc) as well as relationships for projects where Canonical was the upstream (Unity, Ayatana projects, etc).

But recently, my primary focus has been on growing and supporting our App Developer community, something which took on more importance when we released the Ubuntu SDK earlier this year, since it was a new toolkit and focus for Ubuntu app development, and something that we were playing much more of a driving force behind.

Benjamin: What does a typical work day look like for you?
Michael: Wake up, check and see what my co-workers in Europe have been up to, respond to direct emails or IRC pings, get out of bed.

My day-to-day schedule mostly depends on what I’m working on, I tend to have weeks-long focuses that require different routines. The past couple of weeks, for example, I’ve been getting things organized for the next UDS, which has involved adding information to Ubuntu Summit website, a little bit of hacking on the summit source code to make modifications based on feedback from the last one, and a lot of working with track leads and engineering managers to make sure they are getting their sessions scheduled.

On other days, I spend my time talking with app developers about their work, any problems or shortcomings they’ve encountered with our tools or API, then talking to the Canonical engineers tasked with building them to make sure they know what works, what doesn’t, and what still need to be done. A lot of my effort goes into simply facilitating the communication between internal and external groups (and often between two internal groups as well). I spend a lot of time promoting the work being done by the community and canonical, on social media like our Facebook page and Google+ community for Ubuntu App development, and expanding the resources on the Ubuntu Developer Portal.

Sometimes, when I’m lucky, I still get to write some code. In addition to minor contributions to the Summit project, I’m also building a new API website to provide better online documentation to app developers, which has kept my coding addiction going.

Benjamin: What is most exciting about your role at Canonical?
Michael: My job is, I think, the best job in the world. I get to be involved with cutting edge technology, a diverse and passionate community, and get paid for it. Ubuntu still has one of the best communities around, and it’s a wonderful privilege to be able to spend so much time working with them.

I’m really very excited about Ubuntu for phones, our new App platform, and convergence in general. I think we’re going to see a lot of change in mobile technology in the next few years, and Ubuntu is in a position to drive a lot of it. And by Ubuntu I mean more than just the software or Canonical, the whole community is playing a part in building and shaping our platform, and I think that is something that is going to make us stand out in a crowded field.

Benjamin: Before this role you did other work at Canonical can you tell me about that?
Michael: Quite right, I began working at Canonical ISD as a web developer, developing things like the USN website, Ubuntu SSO and maintaining the variety of WordPress and Django websites run by Canonical.

I learned a lot while working in ISD. I had a great manager, Māris Fogels, who taught me the importance (and art) unit testing, something I hadn’t paid any attention to before. I also learned a lot of new technologies, or how to better use ones I thought I already knew. I’m certainly a much better developer now than I was before I joined.

Benjamin: You were a community contributor before being hired by Canonical what was the transition like for you?
Michael: I had been an Ubuntu user for nearly a year before I learned about the community and LoCo teams. It was through my LoCo team that I got involved in community activity, met Canonical employees, and ultimately got involved in the LoCo Team Portal ( development, and from there the Summit project. In fact, when I interviewed for a web developer position at Canonical, being able to show my work on those projects was probably a big contributing factor to my getting hired.

Doing web development at Canonical was nothing new to me, but there were a number of very big changes I had to adapt to. The biggest change, unsurprisingly, was working from home. I’d had the option to do that at past jobs, but it’s baked into the culture of Canonical because most of us do it. Tools, processes and expectations are all built around that, and the fact that people in the same team actually live on different continents, and it all works surprisingly well for us.

Another big change was working for an open source, community-oriented company. I’d been “allowed” to submit changes to open source software in past companies, and once I was even “allowed” to make an internal project open source. But in Canonical that’s the rule rather than the exception. You also usually have a community that is involved in your work, and you are expected to be involved with that community. Working someplace where you’re *expected* to be on IRC, talking to people outside of the company, is kind of a weird thing at first.

The post We interview Michael Hall, Ubuntu app development liason appeared first on The Mukt.

We still believe in Linus’ law after Heartbleed bug, says Elie Auvray of Jahia

Monday 18th of August 2014 03:57:54 PM

We interview Elie Auvray, who co-founded Jahia Solutions Group SA after having started Jahia’s French operations in 2002 and is acting as President of the Board and CEO.

Swapnil: Can you tell us when and how Jahia started? A bit of history?

Auvray: Jahia was incepted in 2002 in Switzerland – the name comes from the contraction of Java (our core language) and Bahia (which means “bay” in Brazil). To support the international growth of the project, Jahia Solutions Group was later formed (in 2005) with offices throughout Europe and Jahia Inc. (the US subsidiary) was created in 2008. Jahia has now offices in Geneva, Paris, Toronto, Chicago, Washington, DC, Dusseldorf and Klagenfurt – and outsourced support centers in Australia and Nicaragua.

Swapnil: Can you tell us a bit about what is Jahia and how is WCMS different from a regular CMS?

Auvray: Today Jahia is the #1 Open Source alternative to proprietary CMS vendors for upper tier digital projects. Over the years, we’ve focused on building a content platform that delivers true technology convergence: business user and developers work in harmony to deploy digital projects (Portals, multichannel, multi site, Multilanguage corporate sites, extranets, intranets and even full digital applications) securely and seamlessly.

Swapnil: Who is the typical target audience of Jahia?

Auvray: Digital workers in business departments (such as Marketing) are the typical users of Jahia. Our target position in organizations is mainly the CIO, but also the CMO.

Swapnil: Jahia uses dual licences – while the community version is available under GNU GPLv2, you offer enterprise edition under a proprietary licence? How different is that from RHEL model and is proprietary licence the correct word?

Auvray: Similarly to Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Jahia provides an Enterprise distribution under a commercial (i.e. non-viral) license: the Jahia Sustainable Enterprise License (JSEL). The Jahia Community distribution is under GNU GPL v2, similarly to Red Hat who uses GPL v2 to distribute some of its software.

Our Enterprise and Community distributions both share the same core, and our Enterprise one also fosters community back contribution and allows our customers to influence our roadmap.

Enterprise distributions are only available to our customers, at no license costs, and are covered by a subscription that works like an insurance: mission critical projects of subscribers are backed up by our architects and developers, authors of the Jahia software suite.

In other words, rather than paying a license fee as they would with a proprietary software vendor, Jahia customers contribute to an open source project by financing enhancements and get them in priority, fully tested and at a much lower and controlled TCO.

Swapnil: You are using v2, why you chose not to use v3?

Auvray: We are still using GPL v2 for two reasons:

1. Stability: licensing is a sensitive question because it’s a complex subject where details are not always easy to understand for our community of developers and customers: over the year they’ve made it clear they like stability and changing the license could mean negative impact. That’s one of the reason we haven’t changed it as of today.

2. Compatibility: GPL v2 specifically allows to use this version “or any later version” means our community has freedom of choice. Conversely, using GPL v3 could be problematic since there is no backward compatibility with v2 -and v2 is still used by a lot of open source project.

Swapnil: What is the main difference between the community and enterprise edition?

Auvray: The community and the enterprise distributions share the same core but the Enterprise one provide extensions and tools to industrialize enterprise digital and mission critical initiatives.

Swapnil: Can you tell us about some major deployment/implementation of Jahia lately?

Auvray: Jahia is powering large deployments for global organizations such as Ben & Jerry’s, Abercrombie and Fitch, the European Parliament,, General Motors, and other top tier brands that we cannot disclose. When Jahia is chosen for major deployments, it usually delivers most (if not all) of the customers’ digital initiatives: global portals, intranets, extranets, all of the company’s country sites, etc.

Swapnil: Being an Open Source project, what is your take on issues like GnuTLS or openSSL where people are poking fun at Linus’ law?

Auvray: After the Heartbleed bug, we still believe in Linus’ law: “given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow”: even more so. First, the publicity around that bug is the proof that open source project have nothing to hide: they deliver more secure and stable software precisely because anyone can look at the code and find (and fix) its flaws: the Heartbleed bug on OpenSSL was fixed on April 7th, 2014, at the same time it was publicly disclosed. Proprietary softwares also have bugs –: they are less visible (since the code isn’t open), which means they potentially stay unfixed much longer. As a matter of fact, a study reported by CIO magazine showed that open source developers fix bugs way faster than proprietary one, precisely because of open source transparency and availability.

Swapnil: Can you talk about the organizational structure of Jahia?

Auvray: Jahia is an open source software company that focuses primarily on developing and supporting a world-class content platform for customers around the world. We’re operating from 8 countries and rely on a strong network of certified partners to deliver enterprise projects, globally.

Swapnil: What kind of community Jahia has? Are you are contributing to or engaged with other open source projects?

Auvray: Jahia enjoys a vibrant community and is engaged in many open source projects, mainly from the Apache foundation, and standards – such as WEMI.

Swapnil: How can someone contribute to Jahia? What are the incentives, motivation and what are the points of contacts?

Auvray: Any developer interested in Jahia can register and participate to our community, contribute to the Jahia project, post modules on our Public app store and interact with other members on our forums. In addition to provide incentives to our community (for instance, with developer contests), we offer a unique value to our customers: the JSEL license of our Enterprise distribution allows them to contribute to the software as well.

When customers decide to financially contribute to a new feature, guaranteed and validated by Jahia’s R&D and QA development, they will not pay anything else to get:
• “their” new feature also covered by the subscription
• the benefits of future maintenance and enhancements of their new feature delivered by Jahia and/or other community members.

The post We still believe in Linus’ law after Heartbleed bug, says Elie Auvray of Jahia appeared first on The Mukt.

European Space Agency are using SUSE Linux

Monday 18th of August 2014 12:36:38 PM

Last year we learned that computers on the International Space Station would begin using the Debian 6 GNU/Linux distribution, now it seems that computers at the European Space Agency are using SUSE Linux.

It’s a well known fact by now that most of the servers hosting websites people go to are running Linux, but over the last few years we’ve seen that other keen advocates of Linux are space agencies.

Actually SUSE Linux began deployment at ESA in 2012 and has been continuing until now, the distro is used by 450 teams in the European Space Operations Centre at ESA, this includes being used by Mission Control Systems who are responsible for simulation and control of aircraft and satellites outside the atmosphere and further still.

Ernesto Doelling, Head of Section at ESOC said “Performance is important, but reliability and ease of maintenance are key when it comes to operating systems. From an engineering perspective, we need a product that is easy to understand and not too complicated. And it is vitally important to choose a system that is backed by professional support long-term”, engineers at ESA also claim to like how powerful YaST is.

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Assange to ‘soon’ leave Ecuadorian Embassy

Monday 18th of August 2014 12:35:14 PM

Julian Assange recently held a press conference at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London. He says he has plans to leave the Embassy soon where he has been trapped for the past two years, but gave no details on why he’d be released.

According to Assange the UN human rights states that prisoners must have a minimum of one hours outside a day however Assange’s only access to the outside is the balcony from which he spoke from to supporters a few years ago.

He said that he understood Wikileaks spokesman Kristinn Hrafnsson had said “that he can confirm i am leaving the embassy soon” however Hrafnsson later responded saying Assange could leave the embassy when the UK government “calls of the siege”.

For the past two years Julian Assange has been trapped in the Ecuadorian Embassy as the UK government want to send him to Sweden to be questioned over alleged sexual assaults. Defenders however point out that he has not been formally charged with any crimes and that the police presence outside the embassy has cost £7 million and there’s no guarantee Sweden will reimburse Britain for the costs.

In one of Wikileaks latest leaks, we found out that an Australian court had issued a super injunction, criminalising Australians writing about details of an indictment issued against some leaders of Asian countries, more details of that here.

The post Assange to ‘soon’ leave Ecuadorian Embassy appeared first on The Mukt.

Linux Kernel Version 3.17-rc1 has been Released!

Monday 18th of August 2014 12:34:40 PM

Linux kernel version 3.17-rc1 has been released today, with updates ranging from AMD’s Radeon R9 series improvements, increased audio driver support, and Nouveau updates that dominate this kernel release.

Starting off, Intel’s updated DRM graphics driver gets improved panel-self-refresh support, this will “…allow us to enable a lot of display power saving features by default…” which should generally be a boon for laptop users and the like. Also included in this graphics driver update is an improvement to the power state called S0ix which will allow the computer to go into a ‘low power state’ and should help battery life when suspending the computer. Other improvements come from code cleanups and bugfixes, as well as interrupt handling improvements and the removal of useless depreciated code.

Additions to Nvidia’s Nouveau and AMD’s Radeon driver are a big part of this release as well, with Nouveau’s changes including support for “Zero-bandwidth clears”, and AMD’s changes bringing support for a new firmware format and additional fixes. Nouveau’s Zero-bandwidth clears is, according to their patent, a system that, “…reduces external memory accesses by a graphics processor when performing clears and subsequent read operations.” which allows for a value to be referenced without writing to the external memory. For AMD, as of late July their open-source Linux driver started supporting their “Hawaii” series graphics cards, and in this release there have been fixes that will hopefully alleviate some of the woes that have plagued users since.

Intel also released a new DRM driver for two of STMicroelectronics’  ARM CPUs, with drm core cleanups, runtime fixes, universal cursor planes, and some new firmware format support.

Other changes in this kernel release comprise of Wacom driver updates, even more Sixaxis device support for Sony’s PS series controllers, KVM improvements, Samsung’s F2FS updates, and many bugfixes.

This week is also the Linux kernel summit which Linus and other notable developers will be attending, so in a statement by Linus he assumes the next release candidate will be “fairly small” with changes “all over the place” but with nothing big going on, it will be a nice ‘break’ for Linus and the kernel crew.

The post Linux Kernel Version 3.17-rc1 has been Released! appeared first on The Mukt.

Moto 360 to cost $250, Best Buy accidently released details

Sunday 17th of August 2014 09:48:43 PM

What a week it has been in terms of leaks and rumors. With September rolling round and the expecting release of the Moto 360, Note 4, Moto X and Moto G we have seen a number of leaks involving product specs, leaked images and release dates.

Yesterday we advised Erafone (Indonesian retailer) had leaked specs of the Note 4 by accidently making live a product listing page for the Note. Today comes another interesting leak. It seems Best Buy have fallen foul similar to Erafone by accidently making live a product listing page for the Moto 360.


As a result the accidental page clearly shows the Moto 360 will be launching for $249.99. In addition to the cost there were also a number of specs and features provided on the page listing. The 360 will be compatible with all Android versions from 4.3, will contain a built-in heart rate monitor, built-in pedometer and will be waterproof (up to 3.3 ft and for a maximum of 30 minutes). In terms of the screen, the 1.5” LCD screen will have a 320 x 290 resolution (205 ppi) and is protected using Gorilla Glass.

The £249.99 cost is somewhat in line with what we expected. Due to its sleeker design and feel it was assumed this would cost more than both the Samsung Gear Live ($199.99) and LG G watch ($229.99). However at only twenty bucks more than the LG this seems like it very well could be a big seller.

A leaked product page does not guarantee this certainly will be the price once the device launches and we have already seen this week fake product rumors circulating. However, it is highly likely that this won’t vary or change too much and as such should be used as a very close indicator. As this was also Best Buy who unfortunately made the listing this also reinforces the validity of the price.

Either way with the Moto 360 due to be officially released at the Moto Launch Experience in Chicago on September 4th and expected shipping starting on September 8th we certainly won’t have to wait too long to confirm the $249.99 price tag.

So, a Moto 360 for $250 bucks! How do you feel about this? Were you hoping it would be cheaper? Expecting it to cost more? Now you know the price will you be buying?

Let us know by leaving a comment below.

The post Moto 360 to cost $250, Best Buy accidently released details appeared first on The Mukt.

WordPress 4.0 Beta 4 is out, time to test

Saturday 16th of August 2014 11:31:55 PM

A major update for WordPress is due this month and fourth beta, which I assume would be the last beta has been released for testing and bug hunting. I installed it on a test machine and the changes are impressive. Since we used Drupal earlier for Muktware and then migrated to WordPress in September last year, I can say from personal experience WordPress is a more suitable choice for writing focused sites like TheMukt.

So what’s new in fourth and probably the last beta of WordPress 4.x series? According to the blog post:

We’ve made more than 250 changes in the past month, including:
Further improvements to the editor scrolling experience, especially when it comes to the second column of boxes.
Better handling of small screens in the media library modals.
A separate bulk selection mode for the media library grid view.
Improvements to the installation language selector.
Visual tweaks to plugin details and customizer panels.

The best way to ensure that the final WP release won’t give you headaches after upgrade is to get involved now. You can set-up a test-machine and install this plugin. After enabling the plugin go to plugin settings and choose the ‘beta’ release.

This plugin will keep your WordPess install up-to-date with every beta updates. If you come across and bugs, check if it been reported and add your input (if that will further assist the developer) if not then report as a new bug. Once reported your job is not over, if the developer has more questions then do respond to them and help him in fixing those bugs.

The post WordPress 4.0 Beta 4 is out, time to test appeared first on The Mukt.

OnePlus One unboxed – What you get and what you don’t get

Saturday 16th of August 2014 10:44:49 PM

Finally received a OnePlus One a few days ago and as this is still an invite only product thought it may be worth providing readers with a bit of info on what you actually get…and don’t get.


Ok, so here we are. Doorbell rings, mailman is here with a signed for package. The ‘One’ had arrived. After being allured by its almost mythical status and exclusive invite system I was half expecting the device to be delivered by a quartet of unicorns in front of a backdrop of heavenly glow. Alas, this was not the case. The One simply comes standard USPS. Which was the first sudden and immediate reality check.

After gnawing through the package to get to ‘my precious’ I was again slightly disappointed. No music played, no heavens opened and instead was presented with two small boxes. The main box was extremely disappointing consisting of a large brown packaging box. The second box was a lot more intriguing and on par with attractive and clearly identifiable OnePlus branding. This is where the excitement started to be realized.

Once the brown box was opened the demeanor of the presentation and feel changed rapidly. Inside was a much larger OnePlus branded box with an identical level of presentation to its smaller counterpart. At this point is started to become clear OnePlus had actually made a decent effort to increase the presentation. The boxes were very well presented, clear OnePlus branding and coloring and generally did highlight a more premium look and feel.

It is worth noting the presentation was not just limited to the immediate look of the boxes but also the smaller details. OnePlus have certainly invested time (and no doubt money) in designing the boxes from the customer’s perspective. The presentation includes small frills, attachments and pulls which help remove the actual device and general result in an easier and more premium feel.

So what’s inside?

Well, in spite of the presentation the entire unveiling process was much shorter than expected and the package contains much less than one would have thought. Of the two boxes provided, the main box contains the actual device and its accessories while the smaller box is purely for the power supply. At first it was strange to receive the power supply separately but knowing OnePlus this was merely a way for them to limit their costs (and limited stock). By this method OnePlus can send the device anywhere in the world and only have to send the corresponding location-relative power charger.

So we will start with the charger. As this was boxed separately its presentation was excellent and certainly better than the normal way in which alternative chargers are received. The main OnePlus outer box contained a smaller red colored box which was slightly throne-like in its appearance hosting the charger in its cradle.

There is little to comment on in terms of the actual charger. This was a standard small, square USB adapter charger which did contain the OnePlus logo on its front. My only real issue with the charger was its color. This was completely white and rather reminiscent of Apple which immediately was a turn-off for me. This felt even more inappropriate when considering the black One had been ordered. Another aspect which felt as though OnePlus had let me down slightly. A black USB charger to match my black device would definitely have been better and more warmly received.

After briefly looking at the charger the immediate panic started to sink in Where was the USB Cable? Time to move on to the main box.

So far its arrival had been slightly underwhelming. No bells, no whistles just USPS. Presentation has started poorly but quickly improved as the layers of outer packaging were overcome. The USB charger was pretty although too Apple-esque and so far no signs of a USB cable. I had started to worry! Had I been allured by its status and exclusivity?

Now it was time for the main event – the main box! The box contained a little OnePlus branded pull-attachment which once pulled removed the inner red box from its whiter outer casing. Once again hope was building as the general presentation and feel when opening was good. Once the red box emerged in full all was visible. There it was! The One! My One! My precious!

The device itself comes pre-assembled meaning there was very little for me to do. As a consumer I quite like looking at all the parts before assembly. Checking the battery, its size and weight, the back-cover, the main device but all of this was taken away from me. The device was already put together as if my OnePlus parents had forbidden me from playing with it. Again this was another disappointment which left me feeling somewhat underwhelmed. However it was again good to see a small paper OnePlus branded pull underneath the device which when pulled popped the device out of its resting place. At least I had something to play with!

In addition to the main device the main box also alleviated my worries about the USB cable which was present and again rather well presented wrapped in a coil position and restrained by a small rubber tie. A technological snail. The USB cable immediately captured my attention much more than the actual device.

The first impression of the USB cable was good although strange. The USB cable consisting of a bright red cable with white connectors which was in line with the OnePlus color scheme. The cable seemed to be of an excellent quality consisting of a flat USB cable with gold plated connectors. This was much more in-line with expectations and certainly the best part of the package so far.

The last addition to the main event was the small but essential sim card extraction tool. If you have bought a high-end device recently you will already know about this. For those who don’t the One like the latest iPad/Phone and S5 no longer take the sim card in the phone itself but instead a slightly secretive sim card socket is located on the side of the device and requires one of these tools to open the compartment. Personally these are not the most user-friendly aspects of newer devices but never-the-less the tool was there. The extraction tool came in a small red rubber sleeve again in line with OnePlus colors and the general presentation of the package.

What you don’t get?

OK, well needless to say you do not get a quarter of unicorns delivering your One or any other fabled or magical surprises as OnePlus would lead us to believe after months of speculation and the notorious invite system. However there was also a couple of other more basic and expected items which were not included to my disappointment.

Firstly and most notably there is no manual which seemed a bit odd. I literally cannot think of the last item I purchased which did not come with some form of user guide and as the One is expected to do just about everything it was felt a manual would have been appropriate. If nothing else it would have been a good way for OnePlus to introduce themselves, thank their ‘new’ customer for purchasing the device and explaining what it can and cannot do. But no, a manual was not provided, no delivery/shipping/billing note and no thank you note.

The other main and immediate ‘did not get’ was headphones. Again, not quite sure what the logic is behind not providing users with headphones (except cost of course) and especially when considering OnePlus are quick to comment on how good the music system is. This was a major disappointment as based on the aesthetic look and presentation of all the accessories received it was felt their headphones would have been quite jazzy with their symbolic red cabling, OnePlus branded buds, gold plated 3.5mm jack plug. But again, no headphones provided. So do take note – if you buy a One don’t throw your old Samsung (or God forbid Apple) headphones away when you’re throwing your old device out of the window. You will need them.


When placing your order there are a small amount of accessories and extras you can purchase although these largely at the moment consist of cases. I decided to opt for the flip case which was reasonably in terms of price costing only $15. I remember when I first purchased the flip case for my S4 from Samsung which at the time cost closer to $40 so the OnePlus price was pretty good.

The case arrived in identical packaging to the other bits housed within the same white outer shell and red inner box. The actual case is nothing special consisting of a plastic case. According to OnePlus the case is wrapped with Bicast Leather although to me still feels rather plasticky. The case however does do its job, seems strong, houses the One perfectly and maybe even a little too perfect as sometimes it is difficult to remove the device without a struggle. Maybe this is just me!

Inside the case certainly did feel much better than the outside with apparently (according to OnePlus) a smooth velvet finish (grey in color – Yuk) and did contain a rather proud ‘Designed by OnePlus’ embossed at the bottom.


Overall the unboxing experience was one of mixed feelings. There were highs such as realizing the USB cable is certainly rather sexy (changing my previous viewpoint on USB cables – who needs Qi technology when you can instead whip out the jazzy OnePlus cable) and the general presentation which again was excellent. After previously buying Samsung devices there is no competition between the opening of a OnePlus box and a Samsung box (with everything stacked on top of each other).

But there were also lows too. Was extremely disappointed there were no headphones provided and especially as there were none on sale as additional extras. What’s the point in an attractive USB cable if I do not have attractive headphones to match? There was also disappointment that the device comes pre-assembled with no obvious way to open the device. The battery is a non-removable which again was disappointing. I like to open my devices, tinker about and generally get to know it. Not much chance of this with the One. Lastly, and probably the most disappointing was the lack of the quartet of unicorns I had been expecting. Once the device was opened, looked at and turned on the drama was over, the waiting over, the allure over and I found myself with just another phone.

Oh well! There is always the Moto 360 to look forward to next month. I hear it is hand delivered by the King in Game of Thrones. Can’t wait!

So do you own a One? How was your unboxing experience? What did you like? Didn’t like? What headphones are you using? Any unicorns? Whatever your thoughts leave a comment and let me know.


The post OnePlus One unboxed – What you get and what you don’t get appeared first on The Mukt.

Recent reports of three-sided Note 4 unlikely to be true

Saturday 16th of August 2014 10:33:06 PM

Reports are springing up all over the internet this morning that the Galaxy Note 4 is in production as a 3 sided model.

Here at themukt we want to make sure are sources are credible and information passed on to you is real. With this in mind, as far as we are concerned these rumors are extremely unlikely to be true and should generally be ignored…at least for now.

News agencies are reporting they have received leaked images which ‘prove’ Samsung are and have been working on a three sided version of the Galaxy Note 4. The rumors also suggest the three-sided version will be released as a limited edition and most probably only in South Korea. However the ‘leaked’ images are not new and certainly haven’t come from any substantiated source. In fact the two main images doing the circles show a Samsung device were first published on concept-phones back in May. These images were created and used by their creator Ivo Maric as a concept-idea for what the device could and not will look like.

These images are not genuine Samsung images, have not been released or ‘leaked’ as actual Note 4 images and simply represent an interpretation of what the phone could look like. Over the last week we did advise of what we considered to be far more likely leaked images of the new device and these do differ from today’s images. The most obvious difference being the plastic back of the device which differs greatly in its design and pattern. We also advised yesterday of what we considered realistic leaked specs of the upcoming Note 4.

To be clear, rumors have been around for some time that Samsung are trying to incorporate a three-sided design into its range. An example of this is Samsung will use the side of the phone to include a panel which the user can slide their finger down to activate the phone. However at the moment this is largely not expected in any soon-to-be device and certainly not on the Note 4 which is due to be released September 3rd.

So for now we would highly advise you to disregard this rumor and rest assured we will bring you any information (leaked or otherwise) which we consider to be real.

What do you think of a three sided device? Would you like to see this on a new device or is it simply too gimmicky? Let us know.

The post Recent reports of three-sided Note 4 unlikely to be true appeared first on The Mukt.

Happy 21st Birthday Debian!

Saturday 16th of August 2014 10:32:01 PM

On this day August 16th, 1993 The Debian Project was officially born from its creator Ian Murdock. The Debian Project went on to become one of the highest standards in open source software, and it managed to maintain this status until even today.

Every year on this same day, parties are held around the world to celebrate Debian’s excellence. Some cities host Free Software Events and others have parties to pay tribute to Debian and its developers hard work.

Over its 21 year history the world’s most stable distro has received numerous awards ranging from “Server Distribution of the Year” to the “Best of the Net” award. During that time it cemented itself as one of the most reliable and stable distributions with new releases coming once every six months to two years.

The latest Debian release versioned 7.0 Wheezy was released May 4th, 2013 and continued Debian’s reputation of being rock solid.

Debian has stood the test of time, and will hopefully keep standing in the years to come, happy birthday Debian!

Source: Bits from Debian

The post Happy 21st Birthday Debian! appeared first on The Mukt.

Gyroscopes in your phone could be spying on you

Saturday 16th of August 2014 05:04:48 PM

Researchers have developed software that uses a devices gyroscopes, not microphone, to listen in to your conversations. They found that the gyroscopes were so sensitive that they could be used as makeshift microphones.

When you install application on the Android platform the installer screen shows what permissions that app will require to function and if you don’t want certain permissions to be exercised you can stop installing the app or on ROMs like CyanogenMod use the Privacy Guard feature to incrementally disable certain rights.

However this new security flaw is not covered the by permissions screen as the gyroscope does not need to ask permission like the microphone does. iOS restricts the reading of the gyroscopes thus making it more difficult to utilise the component to listen in to users’ conversations however Android is much more liberal and therefore can be exploited.

The researchers say that the program could identify 65 percent of digits spoken in the same room as the device by a single speaker, the speaker’s gender with 84% accuracy and also distinguish between five different speakers in the room with up to 65 percent accuracy.

The researchers say that Google is likely aware of the study as employees were included on the committee of Usenix where this flaw will be demonstrated at the Usenix security conference. Their advice is that Google should do as Apple do and restrict the gyroscope frequencies and if an app needs access to higher frequencies then the app should need permission, they say “There’s no reason a video game needs to access it 200 times a second”.

The post Gyroscopes in your phone could be spying on you appeared first on The Mukt.

Write your own ebooks with beautiful GitBook Editor

Saturday 16th of August 2014 04:57:17 PM

Do writers still write using paper and pen? Not all of them. Many writers are actually using digital media to write. There are many applications available for artistic writing. But not all of them are artistic. GitBook Editor is an aesthetically beautiful project for aspiring writers. The application makes it easy to write and preview books on the desktop. It also provides an almost distraction free environment to concentrate only on writing.

GitBook Editor currently supports writing using the markdown syntax. Support for Asciidoc and Tex will be added soon. It is multiplatform and supports Linux, Windows and Mac. The generated ebooks can be read on different devices like Amazon Kindle, Nook and by readers supporting PDF, ePub and Mobi formats.

Downloads are available for several platforms. To install on Ubuntu:

  • Download gitbook-linux32.tar.gz
  • Extract it using: tar -xvzf gitbook-linux32.tar.gz
  • Run the installation script cd GitBook && ./
  • The install script will create a shortcut on your desktop

Interested readers can browse GitBook Editor source code at the project’s page on GitHub.

GitBook Editor also has an associated online service to write and publish ebooks – GitBook. The additional advantages of signing up to GitBook are Git version control support (you will not lose a single word you ever saved) and responsive layout to read read books on devices of all form factors.

The post Write your own ebooks with beautiful GitBook Editor appeared first on The Mukt.

Germany ‘mistakenly’ tapped phone calls of John Kerry & Hillary Clinton

Saturday 16th of August 2014 04:55:36 PM

By ‘accident’, John Kerry, Hillary Clinton and former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan had their phone calls intercepted by the German spy agency, BND, in anti-terror efforts.

According to the BND, none of the three were purposefully targetted but their calls were collected within the context of other operations. The call involving Clinton apparently took place on the same frequency as a terror suspect, she was using a satellite phone.

A BND spokesperson said “Any accidental recordings are deleted immediately” and a spokesperson for the German government said it was the responsibility of the parliamentary control committee to deal with the accusations.

These revelations come a few weeks after Der Speigel reported that Israel had eavesdropped on John Kerry’s phone calls during peace talks with Palestinians and Arab states last year. This raises question as to whether the officials get adequate training or equipment when sending sensitive information to one another and whether any of it is encrypted.

Source: The Guardian

The post Germany ‘mistakenly’ tapped phone calls of John Kerry & Hillary Clinton appeared first on The Mukt.

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