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Updated: 9 hours 38 min ago

Six more devices from ThinkPenguin, Inc. now FSF-certified to Respect Your Freedom

Thursday 16th of May 2019 05:44:36 PM

This is ThinkPenguin's second batch of devices to receive RYF certification this spring. The FSF announced certification of seven other devices from ThinkPenguin on March 21st. This latest collection of devices makes ThinkPenguin the retailer with the largest catalog of RYF-certified devices.

"It's unfortunate that so many of even the simplest devices out there have surprise proprietary software requirements. RYF is an antidote for that. It connects ethical shoppers concerned about their freedom with companies offering options respecting that freedom," said the FSF's executive director, John Sullivan.

Today's certifications expands the availability of RYF-certified peripheral devices. The Penguin USB 2.0 External USB Stereo Sound Adapter and the 5.1 Channels 24-bit 96KHz PCI Express Audio Sound Card help users get the most of their computers in terms of sound quality. For wireless connectivity, ThinkPenguin offers the Wireless N PCI Express Dual-Band Mini Half-Height Card and Penguin Wireless N Mini PCIe Card. For users with an older printer, the USB to Parallel Printer Cable can let them continue to use it with their more current hardware. Finally, the PCIe eSATA / SATA 6Gbps Controller Card help users to connect to external eSATA devices as well as internal SATA.

"I've spent the last 14 years working on projects aimed at making free software adoption easy for everyone, but the single greatest obstacle over the past 20 years has not been software. It's been hardware. The RYF program helps solve this problem by linking users to trustworthy sources where they can get hardware guaranteed to work on GNU/Linux, and be properly supported using free software," said Christopher Waid, founder and CEO of ThinkPenguin.

While ThinkPenguin has consistently sought certification since the inception of the RYF program -- gaining their first certification in 2013, and adding several more over the years since -- the pace at which they are gaining certifications now eclipses all past efforts.

"ThinkPenguin continues to impress with the rapid expansion of their catalog of RYF-certified devices. Adding 14 new devices in a little over a month shows their dedication to the RYF certification program and the protection of users it represents," said the FSF's licensing and compliance manager, Donald Robertson, III.

To learn more about the Respects Your Freedom certification program, including details on the certification of these ThinkPenguin devices, please visit https://fsf.org/ryf.

Retailers interested in applying for certification can consult https://www.fsf.org/resources/hw/endorsement/criteria.

About the Free Software Foundation

The Free Software Foundation, founded in 1985, is dedicated to promoting computer users' right to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute computer programs. The FSF promotes the development and use of free (as in freedom) software -- particularly the GNU operating system and its GNU/Linux variants -- and free documentation for free software. The FSF also helps to spread awareness of the ethical and political issues of freedom in the use of software, and its Web sites, located at https://fsf.org and https://gnu.org, are an important source of information about GNU/Linux. Donations to support the FSF's work can be made at https://donate.fsf.org. Its headquarters are in Boston, MA, USA.

More information about the FSF, as well as important information for journalists and publishers, is at https://www.fsf.org/press.

About ThinkPenguin, Inc.

Started by Christopher Waid, founder and CEO, ThinkPenguin, Inc., is a consumer-driven company with a mission to bring free software to the masses. At the core of the company is a catalog of computers and accessories with broad support for GNU/Linux. The company provides technical support for end-users and works with the community, distributions, and upstream projects to make GNU/Linux all that it can be.

Media Contacts

Donald Robertson, III
Licensing and Compliance Manager
Free Software Foundation
+1 (617) 542 5942
licensing@fsf.org

ThinkPenguin, Inc.
+1 (888) 39 THINK (84465) x703
media@thinkpenguin.com

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    ======================
    
    Updates since v2.22
    -------------------
    
    Backward compatibility note
    
     * The "--base" option of "format-patch" computed the patch-ids for
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       compute in a way that is compatible with "git patch-id --stable".
    
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    UI, Workflows & Features
    
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     * "git format-patch" learns a configuration to set the default for
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     * The pattern "git diff/grep" use to extract funcname and words
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     * The pattern "git diff/grep" use to extract funcname and words
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     * "git status" can be told a non-standard default value for the
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     * "git fetch" and "git pull" reports when a fetch results in
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     * Two new commands "git switch" and "git restore" are introduced to
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     * The conditional inclusion mechanism learned to base the choice on
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     * "git rev-list --objects" learned the "--no-object-names" option to
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     * A new tag.gpgSign configuration variable turns "git tag -a" into
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     * "git multi-pack-index" learned expire and repack subcommands.
    
     * "git blame" learned to "ignore" commits in the history, whose
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     * "git cherry-pick/revert" learned a new "--skip" action.
    
     * The tips of refs from the alternate object store can be used as
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     * Extra blank lines in "git status" output have been reduced.
    
     * The commits in a repository can be described by multiple
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     * "git range-diff" output has been tweaked for easier identification
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     * Update supporting parts of "git rebase" to remove code that should
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     * Developer support to emulate unsatisfied prerequisites in tests to
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     * A new tutorial targeting specifically aspiring git-core
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     * "git push --atomic" that goes over the transport-helper (namely,
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          midx: simplify computation of pack name lengths
          midx: refactor permutation logic and pack sorting
          multi-pack-index: implement 'expire' subcommand
          multi-pack-index: prepare 'repack' subcommand
          midx: implement midx_repack()
          multi-pack-index: test expire while adding packs
          midx: add test that 'expire' respects .keep files
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          commit-graph: extract fill_oids_from_all_packs()
          commit-graph: extract count_distinct_commits()
          commit-graph: extract copy_oids_to_commits()
          commit-graph: extract write_commit_graph_file()
          commit-graph: use raw_object_store when closing
          packfile: close commit-graph in close_all_packs
          packfile: rename close_all_packs to close_object_store
          commit-graph: document commit-graph chains
          commit-graph: prepare for commit-graph chains
          commit-graph: rename commit_compare to oid_compare
          commit-graph: load commit-graph chains
          commit-graph: add base graphs chunk
          commit-graph: rearrange chunk count logic
          commit-graph: write commit-graph chains
          commit-graph: add --split option to builtin
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          commit-graph: allow cross-alternate chains
          commit-graph: expire commit-graph files
          commit-graph: create options for split files
          commit-graph: verify chains with --shallow mode
          commit-graph: clean up chains after flattened write
          commit-graph: test octopus merges with --split
          commit-graph: test --split across alternate without --split
          commit-graph: normalize commit-graph filenames
          commit-graph: test verify across alternates
          fetch: add --[no-]show-forced-updates argument
          fetch: warn about forced updates in branch listing
          pull: add --[no-]show-forced-updates passthrough
          t5319: use 'test-tool path-utils' instead of 'ls -l'
          commit-graph: fix bug around octopus merges
    
    Dimitriy Ryazantcev (2):
          l10n: ru.po: update Russian translation
          l10n: localizable upload progress messages
    
    Doug Ilijev (1):
          README: fix rendering of text in angle brackets
    
    Dr. Adam Nielsen (1):
          gitignore.txt: make slash-rules more readable
    
    Edmundo Carmona Antoranz (1):
          builtin/merge.c - cleanup of code in for-cycle that tests strategies
    
    Elijah Newren (6):
          t9350: fix encoding test to actually test reencoding
          fast-import: support 'encoding' commit header
          fast-export: avoid stripping encoding header if we cannot reencode
          fast-export: differentiate between explicitly UTF-8 and implicitly UTF-8
          fast-export: do automatic reencoding of commit messages only if requested
          merge-recursive: avoid directory rename detection in recursive case
    
    Emily Shaffer (7):
          documentation: add tutorial for first contribution
          documentation: add anchors to MyFirstContribution
          grep: fail if call could output and name is null
          doc: hint about GIT_DEBUGGER in CodingGuidelines
          doc: add some nit fixes to MyFirstContribution
          rev-list: teach --no-object-names to enable piping
          transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
    
    Eric Wong (3):
          update-server-info: avoid needless overwrites
          server-info: do not list unlinked packs
          repack: disable bitmaps-by-default if .keep files exist
    
    Felipe Contreras (5):
          t5801 (remote-helpers): cleanup refspec stuff
          t5801 (remote-helpers): add test to fetch tags
          fetch: trivial cleanup
          fetch: make the code more understandable
          fetch: fix regression with transport helpers
    
    Jakub Wilk (1):
          doc: don't use git.kernel.org as example gitweb URL
    
    Jean-Noël Avila (2):
          l10n: reformat some localized strings for v2.23.0
          l10n: fr v2.23.0 round 2
    
    Jeff Hostetler (13):
          cache-tree/blame: avoid reusing the DEBUG constant
          msvc: mark a variable as non-const
          msvc: do not re-declare the timespec struct
          msvc: define ftello()
          msvc: fix detect_msys_tty()
          msvc: update Makefile to allow for spaces in the compiler path
          status: add status.aheadbehind setting
          status: warn when a/b calculation takes too long
          status: ignore status.aheadbehind in porcelain formats
          msvc: support building Git using MS Visual C++
          msvc: add a compile-time flag to allow detailed heap debugging
          msvc: do not pretend to support all signals
          msvc: ignore .dll and incremental compile output
    
    Jeff King (57):
          cmd_{read,write}_tree: rename "unused" variable that is used
          builtin: consistently pass cmd_* prefix to parse_options
          submodule: drop unused prefix parameter from some functions
          clone: drop dest parameter from copy_alternates()
          read-cache: drop unused parameter from threaded load
          wt-status: drop unused status parameter
          mktree: drop unused length parameter
          name-rev: drop unused parameters from is_better_name()
          pack-objects: drop unused rev_info parameters
          receive-pack: drop unused "commands" from prepare_shallow_update()
          remove_all_fetch_refspecs(): drop unused "remote" parameter
          rev-list: drop unused void pointer from finish_commit()
          show-branch: drop unused parameter from show_independent()
          verify-commit: simplify parameters to run_gpg_verify()
          help_unknown_ref(): duplicate collected refnames
          help_unknown_ref(): check for refname ambiguity
          upload-pack: strip namespace from symref data
          am: simplify prompt response handling
          am: read interactive input from stdin
          am: drop tty requirement for --interactive
          am: fix --interactive HEAD tree resolution
          interpret-trailers: load default config
          verify-tag: drop signal.h include
          wt-status.h: drop stdio.h include
          describe: fix accidental oid/hash type-punning
          upload-pack: rename a "sha1" variable to "oid"
          pack-bitmap-write: convert some helpers to use object_id
          pack-objects: convert packlist_find() to use object_id
          pack-objects: convert locate_object_entry_hash() to object_id
          object: convert lookup_unknown_object() to use object_id
          object: convert lookup_object() to use object_id
          object: convert internal hash_obj() to object_id
          object: convert create_object() to use object_id
          khash: drop broken oid_map typedef
          khash: rename kh_oid_t to kh_oid_set
          delta-islands: convert island_marks khash to use oids
          pack-bitmap: convert khash_sha1 maps into kh_oid_map
          khash: drop sha1-specific map types
          khash: rename oid helper functions
          hash.h: move object_id definition from cache.h
          hashmap: convert sha1hash() to oidhash()
          delta-islands: respect progress flag
          blame: drop some unused function parameters
          object-store.h: move for_each_alternate_ref() from transport.h
          check_everything_connected: assume alternate ref tips are valid
          test-lib: introduce test_commit_bulk
          t5310: increase the number of bitmapped commits
          t3311: use test_commit_bulk
          t5702: use test_commit_bulk
          t5703: use test_commit_bulk
          t6200: use test_commit_bulk
          xdiff: clamp function context indices in post-image
          t: sort output of hashmap iteration
          t7700: clean up .keep file in bitmap-writing test
          repack: silence warnings when auto-enabled bitmaps cannot be built
          repack: simplify handling of auto-bitmaps and .keep files
          t0000: reword comments for "local" test
    
    Jiang Xin (3):
          l10n: git.pot: v2.23.0 round 1 (130 new, 35 removed)
          l10n: git.pot: v2.23.0 round 2 (4 new, 6 removed)
          l10n: zh_CN: for git v2.23.0 l10n round 1~2
    
    Johannes Schindelin (47):
          Drop unused git-rebase--am.sh
          t3400: stop referring to the scripted rebase
          .gitignore: there is no longer a built-in `git-rebase--interactive`
          sequencer: the `am` and `rebase--interactive` scripts are gone
          rebase: fold git-rebase--common into the -p backend
          bisect--helper: verify HEAD could be parsed before continuing
          fill_stat_cache_info(): prepare for an fsmonitor fix
          mark_fsmonitor_valid(): mark the index as changed if needed
          bundle verify: error out if called without an object database
          poll (mingw): allow compiling with GCC 8 and DEVELOPER=1
          kwset: allow building with GCC 8
          winansi: simplify loading the GetCurrentConsoleFontEx() function
          config: avoid calling `labs()` on too-large data type
          t3404: fix a typo
          mingw: fix a typo in the msysGit-specific section
          Mark .bat files as requiring CR/LF endings
          t0001 (mingw): do not expect a specific order of stdout/stderr
          obstack: fix compiler warning
          mingw: replace mingw_startup() hack
          msvc: fix dependencies of compat/msvc.c
          t0001: fix on case-insensitive filesystems
          msvc: avoid debug assertion windows in Debug Mode
          mingw: enable stack smashing protector
          mingw: get pw_name in UTF-8 format
          mingw: use Unicode functions explicitly
          rebase --am: ignore rebase.rescheduleFailedExec
          mingw: fix possible buffer overrun when calling `GetUserNameW()`
          diff: munmap() file contents before running external diff
          mingw: support spawning programs containing spaces in their names
          clean: show an error message when the path is too long
          rebase: fix white-space
          git: mark cmd_rebase as requiring a worktree
          Vcproj.pm: auto-generate GUIDs
          Vcproj.pm: do not configure VCWebServiceProxyGeneratorTool
          Vcproj.pm: urlencode '<' and '>' when generating VC projects
          contrib/buildsystems: ignore irrelevant files in Generators/
          contrib/buildsystems: error out on unknown option
          contrib/buildsystems: handle libiconv, too
          contrib/buildsystems: also handle -lexpat
          contrib/buildsystems: handle options starting with a slash
          contrib/buildsystems: add a backend for modern Visual Studio versions
          msvc: add a Makefile target to pre-generate the Visual Studio solution
          vcxproj: also link-or-copy builtins
          .gitignore: ignore Visual Studio's temporary/generated files
          bin-wrappers: append `.exe` to target paths if necessary
          git: avoid calling aliased builtins via their dashed form
          config: work around bug with includeif:onbranch and early config
    
    Johannes Sixt (5):
          userdiff: two simplifications of patterns for rust
          t7610-mergetool: do not place pipelines headed by `yes` in subshells
          t7610-mergetool: use test_cmp instead of test $(cat file) = $txt
          mergetool: dissect strings with shell variable magic instead of `expr`
          mergetool: use shell variable magic instead of `awk`
    
    John Lin (1):
          status: remove the empty line after hints
    
    Jonathan Nieder (1):
          t: decrease nesting in test_oid_to_path
    
    Jonathan Tan (5):
          t5616: refactor packfile replacement
          index-pack: prefetch missing REF_DELTA bases
          t5616: use correct flag to check object is missing
          t5616: cover case of client having delta base
          t5551: test usage of chunked encoding explicitly
    
    Jordi Mas (2):
          l10n: Update Catalan translation
          l10n: Update Catalan translation
    
    Josh Steadmon (1):
          trace2: correct trace2 field name documentation
    
    Junio C Hamano (21):
          The first batch after 2.22
          The second batch
          The third batch
          The fourth batch
          The fifth batch
          transport-helper: avoid var decl in for () loop control
          rm: resolving by removal is not a warning-worthy event
          CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules
          The sixth batch
          The seventh batch
          Flush fixes up to the third batch post 2.22.0
          Merge fixes made on the 'master' front
          Git 2.23-rc0
          test-dir-iterator: do not assume errno values
          A few more last-minute fixes
          log: flip the --mailmap default unconditionally
          log: really flip the --mailmap default
          Git 2.23-rc1
          Git 2.23-rc2
          Git 2.22.1
          Git 2.23
    
    Karsten Blees (2):
          gettext: always use UTF-8 on native Windows
          mingw: initialize HOME on startup
    
    Marc-André Lureau (1):
          userdiff: add built-in pattern for rust
    
    Mark Rushakoff (2):
          doc: typo: s/can not/cannot/ and s/is does/does/
          doc: fix repeated words
    
    Martin Ågren (3):
          ref-filter: fix memory leak in `free_array_item()`
          RelNotes/2.21.1: typofix
          RelNotes/2.23.0: fix a few typos and other minor issues
    
    Matheus Tavares (8):
          clone: better handle symlinked files at .git/objects/
          dir-iterator: use warning_errno when possible
          dir-iterator: refactor state machine model
          dir-iterator: add flags parameter to dir_iterator_begin
          clone: copy hidden paths at local clone
          clone: extract function from copy_or_link_directory
          clone: use dir-iterator to avoid explicit dir traversal
          clone: replace strcmp by fspathcmp
    
    Matthew DeVore (5):
          list-objects-filter-options: error is localizeable
          list-objects-filter: correct usage of ALLOC_GROW
          url: do not read past end of buffer
          url: do not allow %00 to represent NUL in URLs
          ref-filter: sort detached HEAD lines firstly
    
    Matthias Rüster (1):
          l10n: de.po: Update German translation
    
    Mazo, Andrey (8):
          git-p4: detect/prevent infinite loop in gitCommitByP4Change()
          git-p4: add failing test for "git-p4: match branches case insensitively if configured"
          git-p4: match branches case insensitively if configured
          git-p4: don't groom exclude path list on every commit
          git-p4: add failing test for "don't exclude other files with same prefix"
          git-p4: don't exclude other files with same prefix
          git-p4: add failing test for "git-p4: respect excluded paths when detecting branches"
          git-p4: respect excluded paths when detecting branches
    
    Michael Osipov (1):
          configure: Detect linking style for HP aCC on HP-UX
    
    Michael Platings (2):
          blame: add a fingerprint heuristic to match ignored lines
          t8014: remove unnecessary braces
    
    Miguel Ojeda (1):
          clang-format: use git grep to generate the ForEachMacros list
    
    Mike Hommey (2):
          dup() the input fd for fast-import used for remote helpers
          Use xmmap_gently instead of xmmap in use_pack
    
    Mike Mueller (1):
          p4 unshelve: fix "Not a valid object name HEAD0" on Windows
    
    Morian Sonnet (1):
          submodule foreach: fix recursion of options
    
    Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy (63):
          git-checkout.txt: spell out --no-option
          git-checkout.txt: fix one syntax line
          doc: document --overwrite-ignore
          git-checkout.txt: fix monospace typeset
          t: rename t2014-switch.sh to t2014-checkout-switch.sh
          checkout: advice how to get out of detached HEAD mode
          checkout: inform the user when removing branch state
          checkout: keep most #include sorted
          checkout: factor out some code in parse_branchname_arg()
          checkout: make "opts" in cmd_checkout() a pointer
          checkout: move 'confict_style' and 'dwim_..' to checkout_opts
          checkout: split options[] array in three pieces
          checkout: split part of it to new command 'switch'
          switch: better names for -b and -B
          switch: add --discard-changes
          switch: remove -l
          switch: stop accepting pathspec
          switch: reject "do nothing" case
          switch: only allow explicit detached HEAD
          switch: add short option for --detach
          switch: implicit dwim, use --no-guess to disable it
          switch: no worktree status unless real branch switch happens
          switch: reject if some operation is in progress
          switch: make --orphan switch to an empty tree
          t: add tests for switch
          completion: support switch
          doc: promote "git switch"
          checkout: split part of it to new command 'restore'
          restore: take tree-ish from --source option instead
          restore: make pathspec mandatory
          restore: disable overlay mode by default
          checkout: factor out worktree checkout code
          restore: add --worktree and --staged
          restore: reject invalid combinations with --staged
          restore: default to --source=HEAD when only --staged is specified
          restore: replace --force with --ignore-unmerged
          restore: support --patch
          t: add tests for restore
          completion: support restore
          user-manual.txt: prefer 'merge --abort' over 'reset --hard'
          doc: promote "git restore"
          help: move git-diff and git-reset to different groups
          Declare both git-switch and git-restore experimental
          merge: remove drop_save() in favor of remove_merge_branch_state()
          init: make --template path relative to $CWD
          worktree add: sanitize worktree names
          worktree add: be tolerant of corrupt worktrees
          merge: add --quit
          completion: do not cache if --git-completion-helper fails
          fetch: only run 'gc' once when fetching multiple remotes
          t2027: use test_must_be_empty
          switch: allow to switch in the middle of bisect
          completion: disable dwim on "git switch -d"
          fetch-pack: move capability names out of i18n strings
          fetch-pack: print all relevant supported capabilities with -v -v
          fetch-pack: print server version at the top in -v -v
          sha1-file.c: remove the_repo from read_object_with_reference()
          tree-walk.c: remove the_repo from fill_tree_descriptor()
          tree-walk.c: remove the_repo from get_tree_entry()
          tree-walk.c: remove the_repo from get_tree_entry_follow_symlinks()
          match-trees.c: remove the_repo from shift_tree*()
          Use the right 'struct repository' instead of the_repository
          t7814: do not generate same commits in different repos
    
    Nickolai Belakovski (3):
          ref-filter: add worktreepath atom
          branch: update output to include worktree info
          branch: add worktree info on verbose output
    
    Paolo Bonzini (2):
          request-pull: quote regex metacharacters in local ref
          request-pull: warn if the remote object is not the same as the local one
    
    Peter Krefting (1):
          l10n: sv.po: Update Swedish translation (4676t0f0u)
    
    Philip Oakley (16):
          git.c: show usage for accessing the git(1) help page
          Doc: git.txt: remove backticks from link and add git-scm.com/docs
          doc branch: provide examples for listing remote tracking branches
          msvc: include sigset_t definition
          msvc: define O_ACCMODE
          msvc: add pragmas for common warnings
          Vcproj.pm: list git.exe first to be startup project
          contrib/buildsystems: ignore invalidcontinue.obj
          contrib/buildsystems: fix misleading error message
          contrib/buildsystems: handle quoted spaces in filenames
          contrib/buildsystems: ignore gettext stuff
          contrib/buildsystems: redirect errors of the dry run into a log file
          contrib/buildsystems: optionally capture the dry-run in a file
          contrib/buildsystems: handle the curl library option
          .gitignore: touch up the entries regarding Visual Studio
          .mailmap: update email address of Philip Oakley
    
    Philipp Weißmann (1):
          l10n: de.po: Fix typo in German translation
    
    Phillip Wood (12):
          rebase: fix a memory leak
          rebase: warn if state directory cannot be removed
          sequencer: return errors from sequencer_remove_state()
          rebase --abort/--quit: cleanup refs/rewritten
          rebase -r: always reword merge -c
          add -p: fix checkout -p with pathological context
          show --continue/skip etc. consistently in synopsis
          sequencer: always allow tab after command name
          sequencer: factor out todo command name parsing
          status: do not report errors in sequencer/todo
          git-prompt: improve cherry-pick/revert detection
          t3420: remove progress lines before comparing output
    
    Quentin Nerden (2):
          docs: git-clone: refer to long form of options
          docs: git-clone: list short form of options first
    
    Ramsay Jones (1):
          env--helper: mark a file-local symbol as static
    
    René Scharfe (10):
          cleanup: fix possible overflow errors in binary search, part 2
          coccinelle: use COPY_ARRAY for copying arrays
          use COPY_ARRAY for copying arrays
          config: use unsigned_mult_overflows to check for overflows
          config: don't multiply in parse_unit_factor()
          config: simplify parsing of unit factors
          commit-graph: release strbufs after use
          dir-iterator: release strbuf after use
          test-dir-iterator: use path argument directly
          sha1-file: release strbuf after use
    
    Robert Morgan (1):
          gpg(docs): use correct --verify syntax
    
    Rohit Ashiwal (5):
          sequencer: add advice for revert
          sequencer: rename reset_for_rollback to reset_merge
          sequencer: use argv_array in reset_merge
          cherry-pick/revert: add --skip option
          cherry-pick/revert: advise using --skip
    
    SZEDER Gábor (12):
          t3404: modernize here doc style
          t3404: make the 'rebase.missingCommitsCheck=ignore' test more focused
          pager: add a helper function to clear the last line in the terminal
          t5551: use 'test_i18ngrep' to check translated output
          rebase: fix garbled progress display with '-x'
          progress: use term_clear_line()
          Document that 'git -C ""' works and doesn't change directory
          ci: don't update Homebrew
          ci: disable Homebrew's auto cleanup
          ci/lib.sh: update a comment about installed P4 and Git-LFS versions
          travis-ci: build with GCC 4.8 as well
          Documentation/git-fsck.txt: include fsck.* config variables
    
    Simon Williams (1):
          git-p4: allow unshelving of branched files
    
    Stephen Boyd (2):
          format-patch: inform user that patch-id generation is unstable
          format-patch: make --base patch-id output stable
    
    Steven Roberts (1):
          gpg-interface: do not scan past the end of buffer
    
    Taylor Blau (1):
          ref-filter.c: find disjoint pattern prefixes
    
    Thomas Gummerer (16):
          stash: fix show referencing stash index
          apply: replace marc.info link with public-inbox
          apply: only pass required data to skip_tree_prefix
          apply: only pass required data to git_header_name
          apply: only pass required data to check_header_line
          apply: only pass required data to find_name_*
          apply: only pass required data to gitdiff_* functions
          apply: make parse_git_diff_header public
          range-diff: fix function parameter indentation
          range-diff: split lines manually
          range-diff: don't remove funcname from inner diff
          range-diff: suppress line count in outer diff
          range-diff: add section header instead of diff header
          range-diff: add filename to inner diff
          range-diff: add headers to the outer hunk header
          stash: fix handling removed files with --keep-index
    
    Tigran Mkrtchyan (1):
          tag: add tag.gpgSign config option to force all tags be GPG-signed
    
    Trần Ngọc Quân (2):
          l10n: vi.po (4676t): Updated Vietnamese translation
          l10n: vi(4674t): Updated translation for Vietnamese
    
    Varun Naik (1):
          read-cache.c: do not die if mmap fails
    
    Vishal Verma (1):
          merge: refuse --commit with --squash
    
    William Chargin (1):
          restore: fix typo in docs
    
    Xin Li (1):
          clone: respect user supplied origin name when setting up partial clone
    
    brian m. carlson (10):
          t: add helper to convert object IDs to paths
          t1410: make hash size independent
          t1450: make hash size independent
          t5000: make hash independent
          t6030: make test work with SHA-256
          t0027: make hash size independent
          t0090: make test pass with SHA-256
          t1007: remove SHA1 prerequisites
          t1710: make hash independent
          t2203: avoid hard-coded object ID values
    
    Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason (21):
          send-email: move the read_config() function above getopts
          send-email: rename the @bcclist variable for consistency
          send-email: do defaults -> config -> getopt in that order
          tests: add a special setup where prerequisites fail
          Makefile: remove the NO_R_TO_GCC_LINKER flag
          send-email: remove cargo-culted multi-patch pattern in tests
          send-email: fix broken transferEncoding tests
          send-email: document --no-[to|cc|bcc]
          hash-object doc: stop mentioning git-cvsimport
          send-email: fix regression in sendemail.identity parsing
          Revert "test-lib: whitelist GIT_TR2_* in the environment"
          config tests: simplify include cycle test
          env--helper: new undocumented builtin wrapping git_env_*()
          config.c: refactor die_bad_number() to not call gettext() early
          t6040 test: stop using global "script" variable
          tests: make GIT_TEST_GETTEXT_POISON a boolean
          tests README: re-flow a previously changed paragraph
          tests: replace test_tristate with "git env--helper"
          tests: make GIT_TEST_FAIL_PREREQS a boolean
          tests: mark two failing tests under FAIL_PREREQS
          clone: test for our behavior on odd objects/* content
    
    

today's howtos

Games: Mutant Year Zero Road To Eden and Unigine 2.9

Linux 5.4 To Expose What's Keeping The System Awake Via Sysfs

The next Linux kernel version will expose the real-time sources of what's keeping the system awake via Sysfs compared to existing source information that previously was only available via DebugFS. With Linux 5.4, wakeup source statistics will now be exposed under /sys/class/wakeup/wakeup*/ for tracking wakeups, their counts, and related bits for profiling the system for power usage optimizations. Suspend-blocking wakeup sources have been available under DebugFS to be useful for bug reporting and analyzing battery consumption. This solidifies the work now under Sysfs with a stable ABI. In addition to the interfaces now stable in adding them to sysfs, it makes them more accessible compared to DebugFS often being restricted to root or other restrictions in place by different distribution kernels. Read more