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Unofficial Ubuntu BlogUnknownnoreply@blogger.comBlogger1619125Ubuntubuzz
Updated: 42 min 17 sec ago

Combining with GIMP

Friday 31st of July 2020 02:22:00 PM
This tutorial explains how to combine pictures into one using computer program GIMP. This involves your already learned techniques namely selecting, moving, and resizing, plus one new technique called layering where every new picture added becomes a layer and layers are organized in a stack. Just like before, this tutorial is also accompanied with a one minute video showing the procedures. In case you forgot it, this is part of the GIMP for Authors the series. Enjoy editing!

(One minute video showing pictures combining in GIMP) Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.
  • Open a picture as background.
  • Add another picture over it.
  • Resize and move pictures added.
  • Background and foreground pictures are now bottom and top layers.
  • Add and modify another pictures as you wish. 
  • Pictures combined.
Watch one minute video above to make it sure.

    Download Assets
    To exercise, download photo and logos below. Do you remember? They have been featured in the first part of this series. Do right-click Save Image As on every picture below to grab it. Thanks to website I can obtain logos very quickly.


    You know, these are wallpapers we can find at /usr/share/backgrounds in Zorin OS.


    Here is the result of one minute video above. See the logos are placed vertically on left with sea wave as its background. This is saved in jpeg format to reduce download size.

    Here is one more example. It uses Resizing, Moving, and Layering techniques. However, this involves a new technique called drop shadow not explained in this series but you can download the XCF file to learn how to make it.

    • Combine Wave (blue) with Red (red) wallpapers side by side. Use Resize Tool to achieve it.
    • Combine Hills (yellow) with Green (green) wallpapers top bottom. Use same tool.
    • Combine four wallpapers on one screen. Use same tool.
    To be continued... 
    This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

      Converting with GIMP

      Friday 31st of July 2020 11:55:00 AM
      In this tutorial you will learn to change format of photos with computer program GIMP. This means you can transform a picture from any format to JPEG, PNG, PSD, TIFF, BMP and many more. This includes making color photo into black and white too. Just like before, this tutorial also accompanied by a one minute video practicing it. Finally so you won't forget it, this tutorial is part of the GIMP for Authors the series. Enjoy editing!

      Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.
      Digital pictures are stored in computers and cameras with certain formats namely
      • JPEG .jpg .jpeg - the most popular format, excels in storage size, doesn't support transparency.
      • PNG .png - second most popular format, excels in quality, supports transparency.
      • GIF .gif - Graphic Interchange Format, animated picture, can also used in still picture.
      • BMP .bmp - Microsoft Windows Bitmap, you may want to produce a bmp to make something in Windows or involved in game making.
      • ICO .ico - Microsoft Windows icon file, you found as disk drives logos and websites favicons.
      • PSD .psd - Adobe Photoshop native format file, 
      • XCF .xcf - GIMP native format file.
      • and read here for more.

      (Same picture converted into several different formats: notice the file size between the original JPG and BMP, GIF, PNG, PSD, and XCF)
      GIMP and Formats
      GIMP can handle raster, vector, and container image formats. Its native file format is XCF. Mainly as raster editor, it can handle so many raster formats explained here and also support more rare formats by plugins. It can also read vector image format SVG and further export them to raster images. It also can read and write Adobe Photoshop native image format PSD.

      Download Examples
      Here are original and converted photos you can download to practice yourself.

      (This photo is a wallpaper in Zorin OS by Jeremy Bishop stored in /usr/share/backgrounds)
      • Open any picture.
      • Go to menubar File > Export (Ctrl+Shift+E) > Export dialog appears.
      • Select destination folder.
      • Type the desired extension after the picture file name such as photo.png or photo.gif.
      • Click Export.
      • An additional dialog may appears to give you further settings such as compression and quality. Accept it anyway. 
      • Picture exported in the destination folder.
       (Exporting – this is how we convert a photo from one format to another) 
      Convert to XCF
      Filename format is .xcf. This is the native format and can always be opened in GIMP.
      Convert to PSD
      Filename format is .psd. This can be opened later in Adobe Photoshop.

      Convert to PNG
      Filename format is .png. Generally big in size, this can be opened in any picture viewer.

      Convert to JPEG
      Filename format is either .jpg or .jpeg. Usually any picture file size goes smaller if converted to this format.

      Convert to GIF
      Filename format is .gif. This can be opened in any picture viewer and displayed on websites.

      Convert to Grayscale
      For any color photo for any format, go to menubar Image > Mode > Grayscale > photo turned into black and white.

      To be continued...
      This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

      Censoring with GIMP

      Monday 27th of July 2020 04:42:00 PM
      In this tutorial to will learn to censor photos using computer program GIMP. This is part of a mini series GIMP for Author – so then you can conceal digital information for your articles like faces, passwords, emails, bank accounts, and anything. You will reuse techniques you learned from the basics part. to select and save the pictures. You will get examples and exercises again here. Happy editing!

       (One minute video showing how to censor a picture easily) Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.
      As one minute video above shown, here is how to do it procedurally:
      • Select an area you wish to be censored using select tool.
      • Go to menubar Filters > Blur > Pixelize > OK.
      • Repeat censoring by pressing Ctrl+F to make censored area more unclear.
      • Unselect by pressing Ctrl+Shift+A.
      • Export.
      Here are examples of doing censorship to general pictures and to text. Think of Zorin screenshots below as generic photos – colorful, natural, not rigid – and think of email screenshots below as text documents – complicated, boring, rigid –. The former appears in the one minute video above.





      (Notice my email address on top and sender's email addresses on middle are all censored)

      Continuing the previous exercises, now do these ones to improve your censoring:
      • Censor your friend's faces. 
      • Take screenshot of your own Gmail inbox and censor the mails.
      • Take screenshot of your Saved Logins in Mozilla Firefox with all password displayed and censor the passwords.
      • Take screenshot of your ifconfig output and censor the MAC addresses.
      To be continued...
      This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

      Memory Loads Comparison on Ubuntu 20.04 Family

      Thursday 23rd of July 2020 02:31:00 PM

      Released April, Ubuntu 20.04 LTS family including Kubuntu and others made available to all computer users worldwide. With one of these a person can make their computer working – fortunately different to Microsoft Windows they are Free/Libre Open Source Software operating system. To help people choose an Ubuntu edition, as I continuously do since 18.04 LTS two years ago, I present you here again my comparison chart 2020 edition accompanied with screenshots. As you can see here Ubuntu with GNOME requires the most memory while Lubuntu requires the least and Kubuntu's is equal Xubuntu's. I hope I help you choose the best and switch to the best one in this Focal Fossa release. Enjoy!

      Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.








      358Megabytes = 367MebiBytes

      This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

      Power - Part II of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Review

      Thursday 16th of July 2020 09:13:00 AM
      Ubuntu is an operating system that
        does not require installation to run,
        neither activation,
        neither drivers CD for vga and wifi,
        neither antivirus.

        Previously the first part talked about Panorama - the appearance overview of past and current Ubuntu. Now this second part will talk about Power - the technical aspects "how it works" of Ubuntu most notably the installation and add/remove applications and configurations. Briefly, Ubuntu Desktop now transformed into more a mobile alike system similar to Android or iOS. Here you will find the one gigabyte memory load this version, how much the app installations changed, and things important about Ubuntu. Enjoy!

        Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.< Preamble | Part I | Part II | Part III >< Download Links | Install Guide | Afterinstall | Basics | Unity | Education >

          1. Installation and Performance
          Installation & performance: on Hardy, Ubuntu size was under a compact disc capacity and required twice memory size swap partition. Now on Focal, Ubuntu is unfit unless in a dvd capacity and leaves the old swap formula. At first boot after freshly installed, Focal takes 1GiB of ram in my specification. Compare this to three hundred megabytes with Hardy.

          (Installation process of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - showing one slide among slides that says 'An Operating System Available to Everyone, Developed for Anyone that will Just Work for Anything You Need' including the slogan)

           (One gigabyte RAM more or less to run Focal Fossa and noticeably high CPU percentage at first few minutes depicted in [Pic. 1] [Pic. 2] [Pic. 3] and see Hardy [Pic. 4])

          (Multibooting - nowadays we are lucky we can make one installation media with multiple operating systems (not limited to just one like the old Hardy era) and so does with this one I made)

          The biggest difference to Hardy era is that now Ubuntu got many vendors sell computers preinstalled with it. Even you can now preorder from System76, Entroware, or Star Labs a laptop with 20.04 already. This reduces users needs to install and in turn reduces risks for us -- just like what vendors like Asus or Toshiba did for decades with Windows --
          (Branded Ubuntu computers - these are three new vendors namely System76 from the US and Entroware and Star Labs from the EU aside from officially certified vendors such as Dell and Lenovo)

          2. Add and Remove Applications
          Application installation: it changed a lot. From the absence of Synaptic and GDebi, inconsistency of Software Center, introduction of a new software delivery technology called Snap, despite the unchanged Debian package system (.deb - apt - repository) still powering underneath. In short, now we obtain applications mainly through the Software Center.

           (Ubuntu Software Center conveys you applications -both libre and proprietary ones- under Canonical's Snap new technology)
          (Remember this? It is the legendary Synaptic Package Manager that came with Hardy long before Ubuntu Software Center)
          When we use Ubuntu Software we use Snap. Snap is the new way we users receive applications and their updates. On the other hand, Snap is also a new way application makers deliver applications and updates they made to us the users. What makes Snap special is it standardizes other distros beyond Ubuntu and makes software makers easier to share or to sell their apps.

          (Ubuntu Software displaying installed applications)
          3. Settings
          Way of controls: they changed too and it is now centralized. On Hardy everything is scattered, while on Focal everything is centered in a control panel named Settings. This eases everyone to find their configuration quickly and repetitively despite actually we can still access them individually like before by searching on the start menu.

          (Control panel - from system identity to power management, taking care about hardware devices or language localizations, everything to configure is now centered in this gear-iconed Settings)
          (Scattered Settings - years ago, Hardy placed different places for different settings and now Focal leaves out these in favor of a centred one)
          Tweaks: Ubuntu now separates between the Settings and the Tweaks. It is understandable that Ubuntu wants to be 'just works' - it expects most users (especially enterprises and individuals) to use it as is without tweaking animations - fonts - themes - whatsoever. However if users want to, they can, but additional tools may be needed and Tweaks is the most prominent one.

          (This tool is needed if you want to disable animation, customize multiple themes, change fonts, work around window borders, and anything about makeups)4. Extensibility
          Extensibility: talking beyond defaults, Ubuntu now supports extensions to  desktop 'makeups' and its functionalities. The most excellent example is that you can couple between desktop and phone -- this magic is called GSConnect -- and continuously monitor your download upload numbers -- using Netspeed -- among other awesome examples.

           (Android phone seamlessly integrated to Ubuntu computer - a Xiaomi Redmi to receive picture files sent from my Focal Fossa laptop over wifi - notice also the download upload counter atop)

          5. Detailed Information
          Last but not least, here is more detailed info about Focal's internals.
          • Kernel version: 5.4.0
          • GNU versions: bash 5.0, coreutils 8.30, libc 2.31, gdb 9.1, grep 3.4, gpg 2.2.19, gzip 6.7.0, tar 1.7, sed 1.30, wget 1.20.3
          • Programming versions: python3, perl5, bash
          • Package manager: dpkg, apt, Ubuntu Software, software-properties-gtk, packagekit, snapd, unattended-upgrades
          • Security: gpg, openssh-client 8.2, openssl 1.1.1, libgnutls 3.6.13
          • Index of contents: manifest file
          • Package search: focal

          to be continued...
          This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

          LibreOffice Writer: Page Formatting

          Tuesday 7th of July 2020 09:40:00 AM
          Page formatting is determining page size, margins, boundaries, and orientation. With this we prepare our document for printing papers and how it would look like in general. You will utilize menubar Format a lot in this case. Let's go!


          Page Size
          • A4
          • F4
          • Letter
          • Legal

          To change page size, go to menubar Format > Page > select a size among size choices > OK. You will see your right sidebar Page section confirms page size according to your selection. For F4 size, if you don't find it on selection, select User size and manually determine width=21cm height=33cm.

           (Menubar Format > Page)
          Page Margins
          • Left margin
          • Right margin
          • Top margin
          • Bottom margin

          Margins are spaces between outer and inner areas of page. To change margins, go to menubar Format > Page > insert numerical values for example 4 - 3 - 3 - 3 centimeters for the four edges left - right- top - bottom > OK. Now all pages will be formatted with margins you determined.

          (Three pages with 2-2-2-2 margins)
          (Three pages with 4-3-4-3 margins)

          (Three pages with 6-4-6-4 margins)
          Page Boundaries
          Boundaries are lines surrounding inner area of page. To add boundaries, go to menubar Page > Borders > add four lines surrounding the page > OK. Now every page will have boundaries. To remove boundaries, go to same menu and remove every line.

           (Writer document with eight pages all bordered)
          Page Orientation
          • Portrait
          • Landscape

          Do you want portrait or landscape pages? To set up, go to menubar Format > Page > Page > Orientation > choose either one > OK. Now all pages will be formatted according to your orientation selection.

          (One page with Landscape orientation)
          This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

          Collection of Multiboot Making for Distros

          Saturday 4th of July 2020 07:33:00 AM
          Thanks to my business going well with shipping many usb flash drives in Indonesia, I managed to make multiboot many distros previously I could not. Most notably are Deepin, openSUSE, Slackware which are not supported, aside from the ones automatically supported to make multiboot with notably Ubuntu family and Fedora, not to mention others. Now as I have many notes about them I want to list them out here in one place. Happy booting!

          You want to make multiboot?
          Learn first about using GLIM tool and then learn one among these tutorials.


          I hope more GNU/Linux distros coming!

          This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

          Making Zorin OS 15 Works with GLIM Multiboot USB

          Saturday 4th of July 2020 07:14:00 AM

          In late 2019 I successfully ship multiboot drives with Zorin OS as one among many operating systems within them. I have made the articles in making them multibootable most notably openSUSE, Deepin, and Slackware, as they were actually not supported by GLIM multiboot maker. However, I forgot that I have not made such article about Zorin as I thought I have. Now I remembered it in 2020 and this is the article you can learn once again to make it bootable like what I am currently doing with my latest Zorin articles. Enjoy!

          Get Zorin OS
          Download it at

          Change inc-zorin.cfg
          Create a new file named inc-zorin.cfg in your flash drive's boot/grub/ directory and save code text below.
          # Zorin
          for isofile in $isopath/zorin/Zorin-*.iso; do
          if [ ! -e "$isofile" ]; then break; fi
          regexp \
          --set 1:isoname \
          --set 2:version \
          --set 3:variant \
          --set 4:arch \
          "^${isopath}/zorin/(Zorin-([^-]+)-([^-]+)-([^-]+)\.iso)\$" "${isofile}"
          menuentry "Zorin OS ${version} ${arch} ${variant}" "${isofile}" "${isoname}" --class zorin {
          set isofile=$2
          set isoname=$3
          echo "Using ${isoname}..."
          loopback loop $isofile
          linux (loop)/casper/vmlinuz boot=casper iso-scan/filename=${isofile} quiet splash
          initrd (loop)/casper/initrd.lz4*
          Change grub.cfg
          Add code lines below into your flash drive's grub.cfg where the image file is located under boot/iso/zorin/ directory and the file name is in Zorin-*.iso format. Remember that it is case sensitive.
          for isofile in ${isopath}/zorin/Zorin-*.iso; do
          if [ -e "$isofile" ]; then
          menuentry "Zorin >" --class zorin {
          configfile "${prefix}/inc-zorin.cfg"
          Add Zorin icon
          Download this small zorin.png and save it into your flash drive's boot/grub/themes/invader/icons/ directory.

          Now boot your flash drive and you should see Zorin OS presented to choose along with other operating systems you have in that drive.

          This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

          Screen Zoom and Mouse Indicator on Ubuntu 20.04

          Saturday 4th of July 2020 06:21:00 AM
          Ubuntu can help you to enlarge screen items and easily display cursor movements to your audience. This article is a company to Focal For Teachers and continuation to Screen Zoom on KDE. This is practicable to every GNOME operating system not only Ubuntu but also Fedora, Red Hat, Zorin and others. You can watch practical examples in this new video below and also image editing videos I published recently. For teachers and tutorial makers, this article is for you. Enjoy!

          (Ubuntu for teaching in two minutes - this video displays how to zoom in and make the cursor looks clearer to audience)

          1. Screen Zoom
          • Enable: Alt+Super+8
          • Disable: Alt+Super+8
          • Configuration: System Settings > Universal Access > Zoom

          Don't forget that Super key is Windows key on your keyboard. For the configuration, for most cases you will only need Magnification 1.50 and Follow Cursor Movement type of zooming and no Crosshair.

          (Ubuntu 20.04 screen with large cursor, large text, cursor indicator enabled, cursor indicator, and zoom configuration)
          2. Enlarge Cursor
          • System Settings > Universal Access > Cursor Size > select one.

          Large cursor helps your audience follow your movements. It is one option when cursor indicator is not available and much clearer when combined with it.

          3. Enlarge Font
          • Enable: System Settings > Universal Access > Large Text > Toggle ON.
          • Disable: System Settings > Universal Access > Large Text > Toggle OFF.
          This is usable to make screen text looks clearer. This method is the faster one than reducing your monitor resolution.

          4. Typing Indicator
          • Enable: Alt+F2 and type command screenkey
          • Disable: Alt+F2 and type command killall screenkey

          Typing indicator or keystroke indicator displays everything you type to your screen so audience know what keys you are pressing. It is not preinstalled so you need to install it yourself (don't worry, it is easy) as the package name is screenkey.

          5. Cursor Indicator
          • Emphasize cursor: press Ctrl
          • Enable this feature: System Settings > Universal Access > Cursor Indicator
          This cursor indicator or cursor location is equivalent to same feature on Microsoft Windows. Watch the video to see it in action. 


            For Zorin 15, I found that mouse indicator is failed to show using System Settings but is easy to enable using command line below. It is thanks to Askubuntu discussion regarding GNOME.
            $ gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.peripherals.mouse locate-pointer true #to enable
            $ gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.peripherals.mouse locate-pointer false #to disable
            Happy teaching!
            This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

            Resizing with GIMP

            Friday 3rd of July 2020 04:14:00 PM
            On your computer, with GIMP you can resize pictures easily to later accompany your texts with them. I present you here how to do that using Scale Tool and either manually or numerically shrink a picture. Below is a one minute video followed by explanations and exercises you can download. Don't forget this is the 4th part of GIMP Guide for Authors. Happy editing!
            (GIMP Resizing in one minute)

            • Use Scale tool (S)
            • Click on the picture
            • Eighth handles appear surrounding the picture
            • Drag one handle to any direction, or
            • Numerically type width x height values on the dialog,
            • Join the chain or break the chain in order to keep or keep no aspect ratio,
            • Click Scale button
            • Go to menubar Image > Crop to image size > picture resized.
            After resizing don't forget to Save As (Ctrl+S) GIMP document format .xcf and then Export As (Ctrl+Shift+E) actual picture file you want such as .png .jpg .gif.

            This is the result of one minute video above. Before, here is the original Ubuntu logo:

            After, here is Ubuntu logo resized with GIMP:

            That's all.

            Below are three exercise you can download the pictures by right click > Save Image As.

            Orange section - Here is Ubuntu logo 'Circle of Friends' by 200x200 pixels. Resize this into five standard icon dimensions 128x128 - 96x96 - 64x64 - 48x48 - 16x16. Save them as ubuntu128.png, ubuntu96.png, ubuntu64.png, ubuntu48.png, and ubuntu16.png.

            Green section - here is Ubuntu MATE logo 'Circle of MATEs' by 240x240 pixels. Resize this too into five standard dimensions like above.

            Blue section - here is Kubuntu logo by 240x240 pixels. Resize this too into five standard dimensions like above.

            To be continued...
            This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

            Ubuntu Phone Recap 2020

            Friday 3rd of July 2020 10:15:00 AM
            I found my community at Mastodon. They share a lot about Ubuntu Phone - particularly Ubuntu Touch operating system and its current maintainer The UBPorts Project and the hardware maker PINE64. Fortunately unexpected, two interesting things come - the arrival of Volla and also Fairphone which want to be the next Ubuntu Phone and powered with the Touch. These are interesting to cover in a short summary so this article is for you who are interested in Ubuntu Phone once again. Let's go!
            (Ubuntu Phones - photo by Ernmander from Mastodon published January this year republished here with his permission)
            In The Beginning
            Ubuntu Phone was Canonical's idea to begin with at 2011 - same years when Unity first introduced - and unfortunately abandoned at 2017. The concept was Convergence, the mobile operating system was Ubuntu Touch, and the hardware was Ubuntu Edge. Canonical wants Ubuntu mobile to work magically on desktop and laptop just by plug and play. They made a legendary crowdfunding that was closed with twelve million dollars and twenty thousands of comments. In the reality, Ubuntu Touch successfully powered BQ Aquaris, Meizu, and Galaxy phones. In the end, Canonical Ltd. as Ubuntu company discontinued Ubuntu for phone in favor of Ubuntu for Cloud and IoT.
            However, Ubuntu Phone apparently survives today not in Canonical's hand but in a small project called UBPorts who is doing everything to continue development of the Touch operating system and engage with device makers to make Ubuntu Phone real. It is truly exciting! Now we can see UBPorts efforts bear fruits as one by one Phones coming from PinePhone, Volla, FairPhone, and more.

            And for me myself, actually I have no interest in mobile phone as I am dedicated only in desktop computer field. However, if it is Ubuntu Touch we are talking about, then I am interested, and will be highly more interested when the hardware coming from our own Free/Libre Open Source Software community like Purism and PINE64. Thanks to people I mentioned in the Acknowledgement section, and thanks to Mastodon social media, I found Ubuntu Phone once again and now excited to convey this to the world. Last month I made a toot at Mastodon which surprisingly got many responses and it is the inspiration for this article. Hello world, this is Canonical's dream comes true!

            1. UBPorts and Ubuntu Touch
            Visit - The UBPorts Project along with The UBPorts Foundation continue the open collaborative development of Ubuntu Touch mobile operating system and its user interface Lomiri (formerly called Unity8). One of amazing things created by UBPorts is easy OS installation procedure where we just install a software in computer then connect a supported phone device and click to install Ubuntu Touch into that device - very different to experiences we might have with Android 'custom roms flashing'. They are active at Mastodon (news) and Pixelfed (photos).

            The installer in action:

            (Ubuntu Touch installation from laptop to tablet - Photo by Ernmander originally published at Mastodon republished here with his permission)

            UBPorts official photos showcase:

            User testimony on how easy it is to install the OS:

            2. PINE64, PinePhone, PineTab, and Ubuntu Touch
            Visit and their store - PINE64 is a promising computer manufacturer which focuses on ARM rather than PC architecture and they make PineBook the laptops, PinePhone the phones, and PineTab the tablets with official support for GNU/Linux operating systems. The good news is that they sell PinePhone Ubuntu Touch editions! Another good news is that their products are interestingly inexpensive. To order their Ubuntu Phone, visit their store link above.

            Everyone wants to know about PINE64 PinePhone Ubuntu Touch should look at Aral Balkan's toot:

            Video by Martijn can depict user experience of Ubuntu Phone these days:

            3. Volla Phone and Ubuntu Touch
            Visit and - Volla is a new German startup who make secure phones via crowdfunding and they already ship Volla Phones with Volla OS and Ubuntu Touch in partnership with UBPorts. You can preorder one at Indiegogo link above and select Ubuntu Touch as the operating system choice.

            Volla Phone website with Ubuntu Touch:

            Volla preorder with Ubuntu Touch:

            4. Fairphone and Ubuntu Touch
            Visit and store - Fairphone is a phone maker company which focuses on life environment and making their hardware free software friendly. The second edition is the device promoted officially by UBPorts. However, unlike PINE64, Fairphone does not ship officially with Ubuntu Touch - that means we must install it manually after purchasing. To buy one you can go to the store link above.

            Promoted by UBPorts themselves:

            Photos from 2016:

            5. OnePlus and Ubuntu Touch
            Visit UBports Device Info - OnePlus is a Chinese phone maker company which the hardware are able to handle free software operating systems. Ubuntu Touch can run the best on the OnePlus One and it is currently 1st rank device according to UBPorts. You can buy one secondhand in the device info link above.

            The phone:

            Currently ranked 1st device:

            6. Purism, Librem Phone, and Ubuntu Touch
            It is amazing to see that even Purism, the maker of Librem and PureOS, interested in producing Ubuntu Phone as well that in 2018 they announced collaboration with UBPorts. Unfortunately, it seems now in 2020 the products are either not available anymore or the collaboration got cancelled. However, the idea is familiar - as Purism Librem also came to us via crowdfunding - and the phone design is adorable. I believe Canonical's crowdfunding - although unsuccessful - still inspired many of us including Purism too.

            7. More Devices
            Actually, there are more Ubuntu Touch devices in reality thanks to people made experiments with their devices such as:

            Sony Xperia:


            Something fun but very meaningful:

            I believe all these can invite you curiosity once again in Ubuntu Phone.

            • @Ernmander at Mastodon who inspired me highly to write this article thanks to his Ubuntu Touch photos.
            • @PINE64 at Mastodon too
            • @UBPorts at Mastodon as well who pioneered these all and made great efforts to save Ubuntu Phone.
            • @TuxPhones at Mastodon who specifically conveys news about Ubuntu Touch, /e/, postmarketOS, SailfishOS along with PinePhone, Fairphone and others in this field.
            • @Kapper at Mastodon once again who has tremendous amount of experiments and presentations of Ubuntu Phone alike devices.

            This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

            Between Two Releases of Ubuntu 20.04 and Fedora 32

            Thursday 2nd of July 2020 09:47:00 AM
            Both Ubuntu Focal Fossa and Fedora 32 released in the same time April this year. They are two operating systems from different families namely Debian and Red Hat. One of their most interesting things in common is the arrival of computer companies like Dell and Star Labs (and Lenovo's coming) that sell special preinstalled laptops and PCs. I make this summary to remind myself and inform you all growth of these great operating systems. Enjoy!

            (These great computer OSes released beautifully this year)Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.
            Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
            Fedora 32
              The Happy News

              My inspiration to write this comparison is Coming soon: Fedora on Lenovo a good news from Fedora Magazine. Following that, Ubuntu recently informs the availability of Dell XPS + Ubuntu 20.04 laptops. Thanks to these big news, we all excited to welcome and celebrate both Ubuntu and Fedora coming into mainstream computing worldwide - where most users meet their operating systems by purchasing computers. I also made a special article about this you can read.

               (The big news from both websites Fedora and Canonical)
              Now more computer vendors selling both Ubuntu 20.04 and Fedora 32 laptops as we already can see companies from the UK and Netherland, Star Labs and LaptopWithLinux, now ship their LabTop and Clevo laptops worldwide with Ubuntu and/or Fedora. Of course this is another big news for us all and we are excited to see more good things happen soon.

               (Star Labs with their LabTop Mk III and LaptopWithLinux with their Clevo NL41CU)
              This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

              Borderlining with GIMP

              Wednesday 1st of July 2020 09:05:00 AM
              On your computer, with GIMP you can emphasize pictures in colorful ways. You can make red rectangle or ellipse to focus your readers to a point in a picture. Of course you can use blue, green, orange, and other colors too. It is easy to do once you know how. I present you here a new video again followed by short explanations, an example, and exercises. Lastly, don't forget that this tutorial is a part of GIMP Guide for Author. Happy editing!

              (GIMP borderlining in one minute)Borderline
                • Use rectangle select (R)
                • Make a rectangle selection in picture
                • Select a color
                • Go to menu Edit > Stroke Selection > OK
                • Borderline applied to an area in picture
                • Remove selection (Ctrl+Shift+A)
                • Do the same if you use ellipse select (E) instead
                You can adjust several things there: line color by color selector right under tools - line thickness by line width on Stroke Selection dialog - line smoothness by selecting 'Stroke with a paint tool: Paintbrush' instead of 'Stroke line' on that dialog. This way areas you want to emphasize will look clearer and it will help support your writings.

                As a tutorial author, of course I often emphasize my computer screenshots with color borderlines. For example, here is Zorin OS picture edited with Stroke Selection in red, green, and yellow.

                Picture being edited in the video is one among Zorin OS wallpapers just like what we saw in the previous part. I present it once again here as new exercises for you. If you don't know how to save picture yet, don't worry, simply go back to beginning of this series and do the exercises first. Happy learning!

                Air Balloons (JPG) - download the photo. 
                • Try to emphasize every single balloon with a red ellipse. Export to PNG.
                • Try to emphasize different groups of balloons with red ellipses. Export to PNG.
                • Try to emphasize only the big balloons with red ellipses. Export to PNG.
                To be continued...
                This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

                Cropping with GIMP

                Tuesday 30th of June 2020 04:48:00 PM
                With GIMP on your computer, you can crop pictures easily. The pictures are then can be inserted into your writing documents. I present you below a video and an explanation to do that. This article is one part of GIMP Guide For Authors. Happy editing!
                (GIMP crops a picture in one minute
                • Crop tool on toolbox.
                • Shift+C on keyboard = crop.
                • Tools > Transform Tools > Crop on menubar = crop.

                You can use either one of three ways above. Then drag and drop on canvas to form a rectangle. A special rectangle covers a certain part of the picture. Adjust the width or height by dragging the four handles. Click one handle to apply the crop. To undo, press Ctrl+Z. To redo, press Ctrl+Shift+Z (it is not Ctrl+Y here). To save, press Ctrl+S and it will be saved as GIMP's native format .xcf comparable to Photoshop's .psd (it is not the final picture). To export final picture, press Ctrl+Shift+E and determine the filename and the extension: type filename extension desired such as picture.png picture.gif picture.tiff picture.bmp picture.tga and others.


                Here are assets to crop for you. They are beautiful wallpapers you saw in video above.
                • Aurora Borealis (JPG) - try to crop the aurora without the trees.
                • Logotype (JPG) - crop the ZORIN wordmark like video above.
                • Hot Air Balloons (JPG) - crop the baloons without the sky.
                • Hexagons (JPG) - crop some deeper levels hexagons.
                • Mountain Lake (JPG) - crop the water without the mountains.

                to be continued...
                This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

                Zorin OS Privacy Pack

                Tuesday 30th of June 2020 03:46:00 PM
                Here are my privacy and security tips with Zorin OS everyone can practice:
                Search engine - - visit this privacy focused search engine and click to make it default instead of Google.

                Tracker protection - uBlock Origin - install this addon to your web browser and it will block all advertisements as well as online trackers.

                Browsing security - HTTPS Everywhere - install this addon too and automatically every connection to websites will be forcefully encrypted.

                Password manager - KeePassXC - install this program from software center and with this you do not need to remember your gmails, facebooks, and blogs account details anymore except one password to this program only you can open.

                Email secrecy - GnuPG - with this emails will be encrypted in convenient ways and only the true recipients can open them. Evolution is the client preinstalled on Zorin.

                Forgetful system - Zorin LiveCD - run the OS uninstalled on any computer from within a flash drive installation media then you get an anonymous system ready for every activity and this system wipes out all stored data once computer restarted.

                Get Zorin OS:[ ]
                On Privacy and Security:[ GNU - FSF - PrivacyToolsIO - PrismBreakOrg - MyShadow - ResetTheNet - RestorePrivacy - PRXBX - ThatOnePrivacyGuy - InfosecHandbook ]
                This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

                Panorama - Part I of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Review

                Monday 29th of June 2020 10:53:00 PM
                This is the first part of my review and here I talk about its Look and Feel or let me word it panorama. First, I present you here a video I name it Ubuntu 20.04 in One Minute that reveals to you the panorama of this amazing computer operating system including desktop animation effects and how one interacts with everything inside it. Second, I present you long explanations following it to emphasize the improvements since the age of Hardy Heron version twelve years ago. In panorama, it got so many changes in order to make it just works for most people yet still unique with its own humanity for human beings. So, let's go to the review and see you in the next part!

                (Ubuntu 20.04 in One Minute - a video that portrays the desktop, start menu, system tray, panels, wallpapers, effects & animations, System Settings, and workspaces; dedicated to amuse everyone in this Corona pandemic)
                < Preamble | Part I | Part II | Part III >
                < Download Links | Install Guide | Afterinstall | Basics | Unity | Education >

                • Identity.
                • Menu.
                • Activities.
                • Searching.
                • Headerbars. 
                • Office suite.
                • Wallpapers and themes.
                • Missing things.
                • Computers and laptops.

                 (This is panorama of a desktop computer running Ubuntu 20.04 operating system also known as Focal Fossa - notice the sharp colors and smooth forms it serves) (Picture 1.1)
                Ubuntu panorama is now changed so much since the age of Hardy. It left Human theme set into Yaru these days - from orangeish brown-white in the past into greyish pink-white now. This is the new identity.

                (Hardy - Nautilus file manager on left and System Identity on right - all blended in Human desktop theme) (Picture 1.2)
                (Focal - Nautilus on left and Ubuntu Software on right and notice it is already Yaru right now) (Picture 1.3)
                Accessing applications is now simplified using the large start menu symbolized by nine dots on bottom. A big benefit also is that now Super key works to open this menu and it's not unusable anymore. When you often use an app, you Favorite it to the left panel. You do not check multiple categories every time anymore unlike on Hardy.

                (Applications Menu - similar to Android's way of running apps) (Picture 1.4)
                Work with apps is now using Activities button on top corner. Multitasking works with Workspaces that appear on right edge - as we simply drag window and click over workspaces to do that. One more great thing is you can run pinned apps by pressing Super followed by numbers.

                (Busy - this view is called Activities Overview with three apps running on current workspace and seven more running on different workspaces beside - once again similar to Android's way to present running apps) (Picture 1.5)
                Accessing files and folders is still with Files the beloved file manager of Ubuntu which on Hardy it was named Nautilus. It is clearly simpler now. No menubar, no toolbar, no statusbar either. Its the 3rd position on left panel. Now everything is done by that black topping you see on this screenshot - where the buttons back|forward - address - blank space - search - views - preferences - close all took place. It also does not show disk partitions as they are now hidden under + Other Locations section. The biggest improvement is the search is now excellently faster. Try it!

                (Files version 3.36 right now leaving its legendary predecessor Nautilus version 2.22 on Hardy) (Picture 1.6)
                Browsing the internet is now up to Firefox version 75 compared to Hardy age version 3.0. It supports thousands of addons right now including the amazing uBlock Origin, HTTPS Everywhere, and so on. It grows to accept new search engines aside from Google namely DuckDuckGo and Startpage - which respect user's privacy more. It plays out of the box many multimedia formats including mp3 and mp4 now. And of course it plays YouTube without asking for additional codecs.

                (With this old Firefox many of us started knowing the internet) (Picture 1.7)
                (It has been transformed so much in 2020 - notice the logo is different now and also no menubar neither statusbar) (Picture 1.8)
                Just search, everything is connected to your Super key. For example, type photo and you find Image Viewer or type screen and you find either Screenshot or settings related to your display. Continuing the start menu above, it's fairly like the examples here, now you just type anything and it appears on your screen. It's as simple as that. Interestingly, it also searches into sections in Settings and also your files and folders. 

                (Searching - this one is unlike Android - now the system improves a lot to display better and find faster) (Picture 1.9)
                App windows toppings are now larger and darker with everything simplified. This means no menubars anymore in Ubuntu Applications. This is the great change since Hardy age. Did you notice that?

                (Headerbars - this is honestly now a trend among Apple and Android products - a thick titlebar with everything on it to get rid of menubars and also toolbars which are considered obsolete - notice the position of search and navigation buttons) (Picture 1.10)
                Now Ubuntu office suite features Word 2007-like toolbars which are loved by many as you may see below. I also like this toolbar style. It is not anymore but LibreOffice - a fortunate, professional and surviving free software now everyone enjoys the benefits. We can learn so much here that our community decision ten years ago to save from proprietary company was right and now we are the witnesses of this successful free software.

                ( 2.4 with Writer, Calc, and Impress running on Hardy - do you remember those sweet days?) (Picture 1.11)
                (LibreOffice, a successor which surpasses, version 6 with Ribbon toolbar style) (Picture 1.12)
                Ubuntu now eases us by adding open in terminal feature everywhere. This means in your home directory, system, partitions, external hard drives, anywhere else you can instantly invoke commands as you wish without fusses anymore. This extends functionalities without limits! This feature didn't exist on Hardy.

                (Terminal & Nautilus - they are now one click away) (Picture 1.13)
                Changing wallpaper is now integrated within Settings and not in separate modules anymore but it's still just a right click away. However,  Specifically this control panel will be discussed in the next part.

                (Right-click & desktop wallpaper - Focal still keep context menu in one hand and Change Background feature on the other hand) (Picture 1.14)
                Changing theme is now simplified too. If Hardy offered multiple ones, Focal only offers three namely Light - Standard - Dark. If Hardy offered theme customizations built-in, Focal does not. The idea is easy to grasp, Ubuntu wants to be just work and assume that users do less customization - by the proof of separate application available if you want to install and customize themes.

                (Appearance Preferences - remember this? It is where we switch desktop theme and also enable 3D cube on Hardy.) (Picture 1.15)
                (Settings | Appearance - this is the theme switcher as well as left panel visuals adjustment on Focal) (Picture 1.16)
                Speaking a little bit technical, GNOME is the name of Ubuntu panorama. You see Ubuntu you see GNOME. It is unchanged since the old age. However, it is now version 3.36 (see its official video) on Focal compared to version 2.22 (read its release) on Hardy. For you didn't know, every GNU plus Linux system like Ubuntu separates between its system and appearance unlike Microsoft Windows so we find that here the user interface is actually an independent product from The GNOME Project.

                (GNOME 3.36 - Ubuntu Focal browses the official website of its own user interface) (Picture 1.17)
                Missing things exist which maybe make us feel a little bit emotional such as dragging icons to desktop, create new panel, file manager's split vertical, 3D cubes, wobbly windows, and the excellent old user manual which was really educating for user. Outside of  these, of course we missed Canonical's ShipIt program which sent freely Ubuntu CDs worldwide that I believe made this alternative operating system popular. I was a recipient of their CDs among so many other recipients. Were you?

                (Right showing Ubuntu website promoting Dell XPS laptops with Focal and left showing newly branded laptops proudly selling with Focal as well) (Picture 1.18)
                Finally, to close this first part, very happy news coming from computer manufacturers as now more Ubuntu laptops and PCs we can purchase compared to the old age with Hardy. Many of them are now coming with certifications too - that means even if they come not with Ubuntu we are guaranteed to have Ubuntu running on them finely. You can read this official news to see the processes behind. They grow in numbers and qualities. This is the outside panorama fortunately we can see the reality these days. To all these vendors I wish you all success!
                  (Right is Tuxedo Computer's BA15 and left is LaptopWithLinux's where both companies gives us freedom to preorder Ubuntu 20.04 as the operating system) (Picture 1.17)
                  Do you want to know things left unchanged?
                  • Screenshot - pressing Alt and Printscreen keys is still taking current window as well as pressing Shift instead is taking a free rectangle area.
                  • Audio and video playbacks - Rhythmbox and Totem are still here however changed they are.
                  • Utilities - even Baobab disk usage analyzer is still here although Brasero cd burner is no more. Of course File Roller archive manager is still here too.
                  • Titlebar's context menu - right-click on windows' toppings still work.

                    (Focal Utilities - they are now numbered sixteen tools listed under utilities group on your applications menu) (Picture 1.18)
                    To be continued to part II...
                    This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

                    Download Linux Mint 20 LTS Ulyana with Mirrors, Torrents and Checksums

                    Monday 29th of June 2020 05:59:00 AM
                    Following Ubuntu 20.04 LTS release, quickly this month Linux Mint 20 just released as Long Term Support version codenamed Ulyana with its Cinnamon, MATE, and XFCE editions. This release will be supported for five years until 2025. This list sums up all necessary download links, mirrors, torrents, and checksums. This also includes guides to download via torrents, verify your obtained files, make the installation media and install this friendly and amazing computer operating system. Go ahead!

                     Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

                    Cinnamon Edition

                    MATE Edition

                    XFCE Edition

                    • Verifying downloaded files with checksums: guide
                    • Torrent downloading: guide
                    • Make installation media: guide
                    • Installation: guide


                    If you do not know what to download among these three editions, download the Cinnamon. For reliable downloading, as a professional working with hundreds of GNU/Linux iso image files, I always download all my Mint image files with alternative method that is torrent as it is fast and fail resistant. I suggest you oh dear readers too to use torrents to download Mint Ulyana. It benefits everyone as it saves Mint server's resources and saves your time. Don't forget to check every downloaded image file with checksums. See Guides section above to learn more.

                    Happy downloading!
                    This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

                    Ubuntu 20.04 Review - Just Works

                    Sunday 28th of June 2020 09:44:00 AM
                    Finally, this is my review of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa on its Panorama, Power, and Life for all users divided in three parts after I used it in enough period of time. I go from the point of view of twelve years ago the legendary 8.04 Hardy Heron version and the slogan Just Work we easily find when installing this amazing operating system. Once one part finished, I will update this preface article until all parts finished. I am enjoying writing this and I hope you also enjoy this review series even better. Happy reading!

                    (Do you remember this legendary wallpaper? Now it's included again in Focal Fossa after twelve years thanks to Ubuntu World Cup held earlier this year.)
                    Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.


                    Congratulations and gratitude to all Ubuntu developers! I want to say first these things. Even at worldwide pandemic of Corona virus disease these days, Ubuntu, brings us happy news: the leading free and open source operating system still release on time at April 2020 just as expected. A fortunate release also for everyone as Microsoft Windows Seven already reached end of life earlier this year. It brings a lot of new technology improvements by keeping its usability and user-friendliness. It is an operating system for everyone in this new age. I am glad I discover Ubuntu 20.04.

                    (The slogan Just Work appears on the installation splash screen of Ubuntu 20.04) 
                    Before we begin everything...

                    Do you remember? Ubuntu is an old African word meaning humanity for human beings. That is the tagline we already are rare to see these days and thanks to 20.04 we remember it once again. In the past, version 8.04 called Hardy Heron and this year this release 20.04 is called Focal Fossa. Focal includes Hardy Heron's wallpaper, the legendary one, from the age when we still often heard that Ubuntu tagline. Now Ubuntu grew very much leaving the old times all alone thanks to the advancement of GNU, Linux kernel, and especially the GNOME 3.36 user interface we are facing now. Compare that to that old version Hardy Heron released a decade ago that looks very plain with its double panel.

                    Our computer standard today is far more advanced than the Hardy Heron age. Aside from that, nowadays mobile phones have been a norm that almost everybody use. So that Ubuntu. Now it requires better computer specification and looks more like a mobile phone than a desktop. What I can guarantee you is, any computer that runs Windows 10 well can run Ubuntu 20.04 well too. My own specification is rather very low yet it still works with my two different installations of Focal. Don't worry to try Focal right now!

                    • Fit in a 700MB capacity cd.
                    • Supports both i386 and amd64 computers.
                    • GNOME 2.
                    • Synaptic Package Manager included.
                    • Wubi first appearance.
                    • Transmission first appearance.
                    • Brasero included, so we can burn CDs.
                    • Supported for 5 years.
                    • Without Amazon.
                    • Has six variants: Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Edubuntu, Ubuntu Studio, and Mythbuntu
                    • Unfit in a cd anymore, dvd capacity is necessary now.
                    • Does not support i386 anymore, amd64 only now.
                    • GNOME 3.36. 
                    • Synaptic is gone.
                    • Wubi is gone.
                    • Transmission is still included.
                    • Brasero is gone.
                    • Supported for 5 years, and until 10 years with Ubuntu Advantage.
                    • Without Amazon.
                    • Has seven variants: Kubuntu, Xubuntu, Lubuntu, Ubuntu Studio, U. MATE, U. Budgie, U. Kylin

                    These are a simplest overview I can give you as the beginning of this review.

                    This series will go on...

                    Life is harder these days whcn Corona pandemic spreads so I finally decided to divide my review into three parts:

                    I. Panorama
                    First part will talk about everything look and feel and state of manufactured computers availability of Ubuntu 20.04.

                    II. Power
                    Second part will talk about technical aspects especially software installation method and configuration.

                    III. Life
                    Last part will talk about everything applications and how Ubuntu 20.04 can be used in real life.

                    Hardware used...

                    Computer I use to make this review is Acer Aspire One 756 - Intel Pentium 1.3GHz - 6GB RAM - Intel HD video card - Broadcom BCM4313 wifi - Ext2 Filesystem - 14GB disk partition on a usb flash drive branded SanDisk Cruzer Blade. This is the same hardware I had since years I made many GNU/Linux reviews here on UbuntuBuzz.

                    First links first...

                    Either it is waiting this series going, or you simply are curious, you can read the announcement links first.

                    To be continued to the first part...
                    This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

                    Getting Started with GIMP

                    Thursday 25th of June 2020 07:17:00 AM
                    In this article you will learn about GIMP also known as GNU Image Manipulation Program the professional free computer image editor which is famous as Photoshop alternative. With it you can edit photos, pictures, logos, and screenshots quickly for your authoring works. For example, GIMP is good for cropping and resizing photos as well as annotating and combining pictures. I present you here an introduction, how to obtain it for your computer, running it for the first time, enjoying the application environment, and making your first work. This article is the first part and all parts will be listed in GIMP for Authors started June 2020. Enjoy!
                    Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.1. Introduction
                    GNU Image Manipulation or GIMP is a free software, image editor, and cross platform application. By this description it is a clear alternative to the nonfree software Photoshop. It is originated from GNU Operating System, not from Linux, a completely free computing system for everyone forever. It is available for all computer users including those who use Windows, MacOS, and GNU/Linux. It is powered by complete features to edit digital pictures similar to other professional graphic applications. In this guide, GIMP is intended specifically to help authors who involve pictures in their writing works. If you are tutorial writers, book authors,working with any authoring works, then this guide is special for you.

                    Features you should be aware of in GIMP are:
                    • Layers - transparent pages stacked up one another. You can create any number of layers in a picture.
                    • Toolbox - buttons of selection, move, resize, text functionalities. You will use them frequently.
                    • File type - every picture has a particular format such as png, jpeg, and gif. You will save every picture by selecting it a file type.

                    2. Obtaining GIMP

                    To get GIMP on your computer, you install it.

                    3. Start GIMP

                    • Open your start menu.
                    • Find GIMP or GNU Image Manipulation Program.
                    • Click it.
                    • It starts.
                    • You see its window.
                    • To close it, click x button or close button on titlebar.
                    Video below introduces these in several seconds.

                      3. Getting used to GIMP environment
                      Here is user interface of GIMP.

                      Divided into top and bottom parts:
                      • Top cyan: titlebar, it is the long bar with name of the application "GNU Image Manipulation Program".
                      • Top blue: menubar, it is where menus namely File, Edit, Select, and so on placed. 
                      • Bottom left green: toolbox, the most accessed place, where all tools placed namely Select, Move, Text, Paint, etc.
                      • Bottom magenta: color box, where you choose colors.
                      • Bottom brown: properties box, displays active tool's options. 
                      • Bottom red: canvas, the largest area in GIMP window.
                      • Bottom right orange: brushes, useful for brush and pen tools.
                      • Bottom right yellow: layers, where you add and remove transparent canvases.
                      You will not use most of those items you see. Only a few of buttons and items you will need especially the Select Tool and Layers Box.
                      4. Create your first picture
                      This is the first exercise. Download two assets below and make sure you can see them on your file manager. Simply right-click and save link as to download every item.

                      1st asset in PNG format 64px:

                      2nd asset in PNG format 120px:

                      Create new document with dimensions width 300px and height 100px. Drag and drop 1st asset into GIMP. Do the same to the 2nd asset. Use Move Tool to move every item. Save it as GIMP document zorin.xcf. Export it as zorin.png. See below for buttons explanations. Download the final result file under it.

                      • Create new image: go to menubar File > New > don't choose any template > insert width and height > OK.
                      • Import a picture: drag and drop from file manager into canvas. Notice the layers box increased a new layer per imported picture one over another.
                      • Save as: go to menubar File > Save As > insert a name > Save > a GIMP file with .xcf extension saved. This file is similar to .psd format to Photoshop. This is different to Export.
                      • Export: go to menubar File > Export As > insert a name with image format you desire for example photo.png for PNG or photo.jpeg for JPEG > Export > a picture file created. GIMP automatically recognizes any format based on extension. This is different to Save As.
                      (Final result opened in image viewer)
                       Download final result file: zorin.xcf
                      More Exercises
                      Do like above for these pairs of assets. You can do variation with Crop or Resize tool. It is fun!
                      That's all. See you in the next part.

                      See Also
                      This guide is written to be small it does not speak wider. However, if you want to learn more about GIMP, here is a list of resources I selected for you.

                      • What is GIMP? - Wikipedia page explaining GIMP with all basic information needed.
                      • Official User Manual - references to learn GIMP by reading. Notice that this official website is completely linked to everything important such as tutorials, books, facebook and twitter social medias, wiki, and more.
                      • Davies Media Design - for Inkscape there is Logos By Nick and for GIMP there is Davies Media Design on youtube for you to learn by videos.

                      This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

                        GIMP for Authors

                        Wednesday 24th of June 2020 07:46:00 AM
                        This is my GIMP image editor guide for authors. GIMP is a professional free image manipulation program for everyone which is good for editing photos and pictures as you can have the program on personal computer, Mac and also other platforms. This guide is intended for everyone who writes with computer regardless their operating system brands. I make this based on my own experience authoring in this UbuntuBuzz website. You will find in this guide enough skills to edit pictures and photos for your text works such as articles, tutorials, books, pamphlets and so on without the skills you will not need. I will also include every section with fun exercises for you. I make this guide in form of a serial of limited number of articles so you will find it easy to learn. In this first page you see the overview of all titles and I am in a progress working all the tutorials. I hope you will enjoy this.

                        Work in progress. Updated Monday 27 July 2020, published 5th part.  
                        Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.
                        About this article

                        I make this article using computer operating system Zorin that comes with GIMP preinstalled and I practice the resulting pictures with programs already available namely word processor LibreOffice Writer and web browser Mozilla Firefox. You can download Zorin OS freely here and try it on your computer. In this guide you will not learn most of GIMP features. Instead, you will learn only a limited set of skills intended to accompany your writing works. I will often use materials from screen wallpapers, icon themes, and screenshots and you will be able to download them in every section. I will gradually update this first page once I finished every single section mentioned below. This whole guide is practicable to you in all operating systems namely Windows, MacOS, and GNU/Linux.

                        1. Getting started
                        (updated Thursday 25 June 2020)
                        • - Introduction to gimp
                        • - Features and powers
                        • - Obtaining GIMP
                        • - Running GIMP
                        • - GIMP environment
                        • - Supported format 
                        • - Import a picture
                        • - Save a picture
                        • - Make your first art

                        2. Cropping an image
                        (updated Tuesday 30 June 2020)
                        Highly usable to cut off a certain area of pictures.

                        3. Borderlining a selection
                        (updated Wednesday 1 July 2020)
                        To give emphasize with color a certain area in a picture.

                        4. Resizing an image
                        (updated Friday 3 July 2020)
                        To shrink logos so they will fit in a text paragraph. To shrink pictures for further editings. 

                        5. Censor an image
                        (updated Monday 27 July 2020)
                        To conceal sensitive information such as passwords, bank accounts, and emails. It is also highly usable to focus a screenshot to a certain area only.

                        6. Change format of an image
                        To convert a PNG into JPEG. To shrink a picture download size.

                        7. Join two images
                        To combine two or more pictures into one. It is also good to make showcase pictures.

                        8. Write text
                        To annotate a picture with text needed such as explaining buttons in a computer application and naming items in a photo.

                        Beyond this guide

                        I hope after you learned these you already are able to edit your pictures well. I hope you can develop further skills too. Best regards. Happy writing, happy editing!

                        This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.

                        More in Tux Machines

                        Hardware Freedom: 3D Printing, RasPi and RPi CM3 Module

                        • Can 3D Printing Really Solve PPE Shortage in COVID-19 Crisis? The Myth, and The Facts!

                          Amid COVID-19 crisis, we see severe shortage of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) worldwide, to the point that a strict organization like FDA is making exceptions for PPE usage, and there are volunteer effors to try to alleviate this shortage like GetUsPPE. Also, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides an Excel spreadsheet file to help calculate the PPE Burn Rate. There are many blog posts, video tutorials, and guides that teach people how to print their face shields and masks.

                        • Raspberry Pi won’t let your watched pot boil
                        • Growing fresh veggies with Rpi and Mender

                          Some time ago my wife and I decided to teach our kids how to grow plants. We both have experience as we were raised in small towns where it was common to own a piece of land where you could plant home-grown fresh veggies. The upbringing of our kids is very different compared to ours, and we realized we never showed our kids how to grow our own veggies. We wanted them to learn and to understand that “the vegetables do not grow on the shop-shelf”, and that there is work (and fun) involved to grow those. The fact that we are gone for most of the summer and to start our own garden just to see it die when we returned seemed to be pointless. This was a challenge. Luckily, me being a hands-on engineer I promised my wife to take care of it. There were two options: we could buy something that will water our plants when we are gone, or I could do it myself (with a little help from our kids). Obviously I chose the more fun solution…

                        • Comfile Launches 15-inch Industrial Raspberry Pi Touch Panel PC Powered by RPi CM3 Module

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                        Programming: Vala, Perl and Python

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                          Vala is an object-oriented programming language with a self-hosting compiler that generates C code and uses the GObject system. Vala combines the high-level build-time performance of scripting languages with the run-time performance of low-level programming languages. Vala is syntactically similar to C# and includes notable features such as anonymous functions, signals, properties, generics, assisted memory management, exception handling, type inference, and foreach statements. Its developers, Jürg Billeter and Raffaele Sandrini, wanted to bring these features to the plain C runtime with little overhead and no special runtime support by targeting the GObject object system. Rather than compiling directly to machine code or assembly language, it compiles to a lower-level intermediate language. It source-to-source compiles to C, which is then compiled with a C compiler for a given platform, such as GCC. Did you always want to write GTK+ or GNOME programs, but hate C with a passion? Learn Vala with these free tutorials! Vala is published under the GNU Lesser General Public License v2.1+.

                        • Supporting Perl-related creators via Patreon

                          Yesterday I posted about this in the Perl Weekly newsletter and both Mohammad and myself got 10 new supporters. This is awesome. There are not many ways to express the fact that you really value the work of someone. You can send them postcards or thank-you notes, but when was the last time you remembered to do that? Right, I also keep forgetting to thank the people who create all the free and awesome stuff I use. Giving money as a way to express your thanks is frowned upon by many people, but trust me, the people who open an account on Patreon to make it easy to donate them money will appreciate it. In any case it is way better than not saying anything.

                        • 2020.31 TwentyTwenty

                          JJ Merelo kicked off the special 20-day Advent Blog cycle in honour of the publication of the first RFC that would lay the foundation for the Raku Programming Language as we now know it. After that, 3 blog posts got already published:

                        • Supporting The Full Lifecycle Of Machine Learning Projects With Metaflow

                          Netflix uses machine learning to power every aspect of their business. To do this effectively they have had to build extensive expertise and tooling to support their engineers. In this episode Savin Goyal discusses the work that he and his team are doing on the open source machine learning operations platform Metaflow. He shares the inspiration for building an opinionated framework for the full lifecycle of machine learning projects, how it is implemented, and how they have designed it to be extensible to allow for easy adoption by users inside and outside of Netflix. This was a great conversation about the challenges of building machine learning projects and the work being done to make it more achievable.

                        • Django 3.1 Released

                          The Django team is happy to announce the release of Django 3.1.

                        • Awesome Python Applications: buku

                          buku: Browser-independent bookmark manager with CLI and web server frontends, with integrations for browsers, cloud-based bookmark managers, and emacs.

                        • PSF GSoC students blogs: Week 9 Check-in

                        DRM and Proprietary Software Leftovers

                        • Some Photoshop users can try Adobe’s anti-misinformation system later this year

                          Adobe pitched the CAI last year as a general anti-misinformation and pro-attribution tool, but many details remained in flux. A newly released white paper makes its scope clearer. The CAI is primarily a more persistent, verifiable type of image metadata. It’s similar to the standard EXIF tags that show the location or date of a photograph, but with cryptographic signatures that let you verify the tags haven’t been changed or falsely applied to a manipulated photo.

                          People can still download and edit the image, take a screenshot of it, or interact the way they would any picture. Any CAI metadata tags will show that the image was manipulated, however. Adobe is basically encouraging adding valuable context and viewing any untagged photos with suspicion, rather than trying to literally stop plagiarism or fakery. “There will always be bad actors,” says Adobe community products VP Will Allen. “What we want to do is provide consumers a way to go a layer deeper — to actually see what happened to that asset, who it came from, where it came from, and what happened to it.”

                          The white paper makes clear that Adobe will need lots of hardware and software support for the system to work effectively. CAI-enabled cameras (including both basic smartphones and high-end professional cameras) would need to securely add tags for dates, locations, and other details. Photo editing tools would record how an image has been altered — showing that a journalist adjusted the light balance but didn’t erase or add any details. And social networks or other sites would need to display the information and explain why users should care about it.

                        • EFF and ACLU Tell Federal Court that Forensic Software Source Code Must Be Disclosed

                          Can secret software be used to generate key evidence against a criminal defendant? In an amicus filed ten days ago with the United States District Court of the Western District of Pennsylvania, EFF and the ACLU of Pennsylvania explain that secret forensic technology is inconsistent with criminal defendants’ constitutional rights and the public’s right to oversee the criminal trial process. Our amicus in the case of United States v. Ellis also explains why source code, and other aspects of forensic software programs used in a criminal prosecution, must be disclosed in order to ensure that innocent people do not end up behind bars, or worse—on death row.


                          The Constitution guarantees anyone accused of a crime due process and a fair trial. Embedded in those foundational ideals is the Sixth Amendment right to confront the evidence used against you. As the Supreme Court has recognized, the Confrontation Clause’s central purpose was to ensure that evidence of a crime was reliable by subjecting it to rigorous testing and challenges. This means that defendants must be given enough information to allow them to examine and challenge the accuracy of evidence relied on by the government.

                        • Powershell Bot with Multiple C2 Protocols

                          I spotted another interesting Powershell script. It's a bot and is delivered through a VBA macro that spawns an instance of msbuild.exe This Windows tool is often used to compile/execute malicious on the fly (I already wrote a diary about this technique[1]). I don’t have the original document but based on a technique used in the macro, it is part of a Word document. It calls Document_ContentControlOnEnter[2]: [...]

                        • FBI Used Information From An Online Forum Hacking To Track Down One Of The Hackers Behind The Massive Twitter Attack

                          As Mike reported last week, the DOJ rounded up three alleged participants in the massive Twitter hack that saw dozens of verified accounts start tweeting out promises to double the bitcoin holdings of anyone who sent bitcoin to a certain account.

                        • Twitter Expects to Pay 9-Figure Fine for Violating FTC Agreement

                          That means that the complaint is not related to last month’s high-profile [cr]ack of prominent accounts on the service. That security incident saw accounts from the likes of Joe Biden and Elon Musk ask followers to send them bitcoin. A suspect was arrested in the incident last month.

                        • Twitter Expects to Pay Up to $250 Million in FTC Fine Over Alleged Privacy Violations

                          Twitter disclosed that it anticipates being forced to pay an FTC fine of $150 million to $250 million related to alleged violations over the social network’s use of private data for advertising.


                          The company revealed the expected scope of the fine in a 10-Q filing with the SEC. Twitter said that on July 28 it received a draft complaint from the Federal Trade Commission alleging the company violated a 2011 consent order, which required Twitter to establish an information-security program designed to “protect non-public consumer information.”


                          “The allegations relate to the Company’s use of phone number and/or email address data provided for safety and security purposes for targeted advertising during periods between 2013 and 2019,” Twitter said in the filing.

                        • Apple removes more than 26,000 games from China app store

                          Apple pulled 29,800 apps from its China app store on Saturday, including more than 26,000 games, according to Qimai Research Institute.


                          The removals are in response to Beijing's crackdown on unlicensed games, which started in June and intensified in July, Bloomberg reported. This brings an end to the unofficial practice of letting games be published while awaiting approval from Chinese censors.

                        • Intuit Agrees to Buy Singapore Inventory Software Maker

                          Intuit will pay more than $80 million for TradeGecko, according to people familiar with the matter, marking one of the biggest exits in Singapore since the Covid-19 pandemic. TradeGecko has raised more than $20 million to date from investors including Wavemaker Partners, Openspace Ventures and Jungle Ventures.

                        • Justice Department Is Scrutinizing Takeover of Credit Karma by Intuit, Maker of TurboTax

                          The probe comes after ProPublica first reported in February that antitrust experts viewed the deal as concerning because it could allow a dominant firm to eliminate a competitor with an innovative business model. Intuit already dominates online tax preparation, with a 67% market share last year. The article sparked letters from Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., and Rep. David Cicilline, D-R.I., urging the DOJ to investigate further. Cicilline is chair of the House Judiciary Committee’s antitrust subcommittee.

                        Security Leftovers

                        • DNS configuration recommendations for IPFire users

                          If you are familiar with IPFire, you might have noticed DNSSEC validation is mandatory, since it defeats entire classes of attacks. We receive questions like "where is the switch to turn off DNSSEC" on a regular basis, and to say it once and for all: There is none, and there will never be one. If you are running IPFire, you will be validating DNSSEC. Period. Another question frequently asked is why IPFire does not support filtering DNS replies for certain FQDNs, commonly referred to as a Response Policy Zone (RPZ). This is because an RPZ does what DNSSEC attempts to secure users against: Tamper with DNS responses. From the perspective of a DNSSEC-validating system, a RPZ will just look like an attacker (if the queried FQDN is DNSSEC-signed, which is what we strive for as much of them as possible), thus creating a considerable amount of background noise. Obviously, this makes detecting ongoing attacks very hard, most times even impossible - the haystack to search just becomes too big. Further, it does not cover direct connections to hardcoded IP addresses, which is what some devices and attackers usually do, as it does not rely on DNS to be operational and does not leave any traces. Using an RPZ will not make your network more secure, it just attempts to cover up the fact that certain devices within it cannot be trusted. Back to DNSSEC: In case the queried FQDNs are signed, forged DNS replies are detected since they do not match the RRSIG records retrieved for that domain. Instead of being transparently redirected to a fradulent web server, the client will only display a error message to its user, indicating a DNS lookup failure. Large-scale attacks by returning forged DNS replies are frequently observed in the wild (the DNSChanger trojan is a well-known example), which is why you want to benefit from validating DNSSEC and more and more domains being signed with it.

                        • Security updates for Tuesday

                          Security updates have been issued by Debian (libx11, webkit2gtk, and zabbix), Fedora (webkit2gtk3), openSUSE (claws-mail, ghostscript, and targetcli-fb), Red Hat (dbus, kpatch-patch, postgresql-jdbc, and python-pillow), Scientific Linux (libvncserver and postgresql-jdbc), SUSE (kernel and python-rtslib-fb), and Ubuntu (ghostscript, sqlite3, squid3, and webkit2gtk). 

                        • Official 1Password Linux App is Available for Testing

                          An official 1Password Linux app is on the way, and brave testers are invited to try an early development preview. 1Password is a user-friendly (and rather popular) cross-platform password manager. It provides mobile apps and browser extensions for Windows, macOS, Android, iOS, Google Chrome, Edge, Firefox — and now a dedicated desktop app for Linux, too.

                        • FBI Warns of Increased DDoS Attacks

                          The Federal Bureau of Investigation warned in a “private industry notification” last week that attackers are increasingly using amplification techniques in distributed denial-of-service attacks. There has been an uptick in attack attempts since February, the agency’s Cyber Division said in the alert. An amplification attack occurs when attackers send a small number of requests to a server and the server responds with numerous responses. The attackers spoof the IP address to make it look like the requests are coming from a specific victim, and the resulting responses overwhelms the victim’s network. “Cyber actors have exploited built-in network protocols, designed to reduce computation overhead of day-to-day system and operational functions to conduct larger and more destructive distributed denial-of-service amplification attacks against US networks,” the FBI alert said. Copies of the alert were posted online by several recipients, including threat intelligence company Bad Packets.

                        • NSA issues BootHole mitigation guidance

                          Following the disclosure of a widespread buffer-flow vulnerability that could affect potentially billions of Linux and Windows-based devices, the National Security Agency issued a follow-up cybersecurity advisory highlighting the bug and offering steps for mitigation. The vulnerability -- dubbed BootHole -- impacts devices and operating systems that use signed versions of the open-source GRUB2 bootloader software found in most Linux systems. It also affects any system or device using Secure Boot -- a root firmware interface responsible for validating the booting process -- with Microsoft's standard third party certificate authority. The vulnerability enables attackers to bypass Secure Boot to allow arbitrary code execution and “could be used to install persistent and stealthy bootkits,” NSA said in a press statement.