Language Selection

English French German Italian Portuguese Spanish

openSUSE 10.2(r1) RELEASE-NOTES.en.html

openSUSE 10.2 Release Notes

Copyright© 2006 Novell, Inc.

The release notes are under constant development. Download the newest version during the Internet test or refer to

These release notes cover the following areas:

  • General: Information that everybody should read.

  • Update: Changes that are not mentioned in the Start-Up Manual, Chapter 2.

  • Technical: This section contains a number of technical changes and enhancements for the experienced user.

In the Start-Up Manual, find information about installation and basic system configuration. In the Reference Guide, the system configuration is explained in detail. Additionally, the most important applications are described in the GNOME and KDE User Guide.


New Software Management Tools: zypper and opensuseupdater

10.2 also introduces a new set of light-weight software management tools to be used even without the ZENWorks Management Deamon (ZMD) running:

  • The zypper command line tool is software managment tool. Besides managing updates as offered from the update server it can also install or deinstall regular packages. Find more information in the zypper man page.

  • The opensuseupdater is a desktop applet that helps you monitoring available software updates and install them easily or automatically, if wanted.

Changes with Firefox 2

Switch from Firefox version 1.5 to version 2 is a major update. Find detailed update information in the official release notes at Note the following changes:

  • Some themes and extensions from Firefox 1.5 will not work with Firefox 2.0 anymore and need to be updated.

  • Default keybindings are changed. For example, backspace does no longer take you back in history, it will now scroll up the page. You can change it by opening the location about:config. The value of the configuration key browser.backspace_action needs to be changed from 1 (default) to 0.

New wodim Package to Write Optical Disk Media (CD-ROM/DVD)

The "cdrecord" package has been dropped from the distribution. The new "wodim" package can be used to record data or audio Compact Discs on an Orange Book CD recorder or to write DVD media on a DVD recorder.

Alternatively use "growisofs" for writing DVDs. The graphical front-ends handle this transparently.

The OpenSync Synchronization Framework

For synchronizing mobile device the OpenSync suite replaces multisync. For more information, read the "Mobility" part of the Reference manual.

Add-On Medium with Additional Languages

Include the language add-on medium in your list of installation sources, if you want better support for one of our tier 2 languages. Tier 2 languages are all but the tier 1 languages (English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese, simplified and traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Czech). Support for tier 1 languages is available on the standard media set.


Configuration of CUPS (Common UNIX Printing System)

The update of CUPS from version 1.1 to 1.2 carries incompatible changes. It is not possible to convert the printer configuration from the previous CUPS versions automatically. Use the YaST printer setup ("Hardware" -> "Printer") to reconfigure the printing system.

For reference, check the save configuration files:




The Standard Kernel

The kernel-default package contains the standard kernel for both uniprocessor and multiprocessor systems. The kernel comes with SMP support and runs with only minimal overhead on uniprocessor systems. There is no kernel-smp package anymore.

The New Default File System: ext3

The YaST partitioner now defaults to create new file systems using the ext3 type replacing reiserfs. The ext3 file system is known for its backward compatibility with the ext2 file system.

The high performance directory hashing option is enabled by default. This feature uses hashed b-trees to locate directory entries. By not requiring the entire directory to be read, this accelerates lookups in large directories dramatically. Although it is not recommended, the administrator can disable this feature by removing the "dir_index" option in the YaST partitioner.

Setting Up LVM and EVMS with YaST

Experts can now rely on YaST for configuring LVM (Logical Volume Manager) and EVMS (Enterprise Volume Management). Find detailed information in the Reference manual, Chapter "Advanced Disk Setup".

SMART Disk Monitoring Daemon (smartd)

The SMART Disk Monitoring Daemon (smartd) now also supports SATA hard disks without the "-d ata" switch. Status notification happens via powersavenotify. smartd is not enabled by default. To enable it, start the YaST runlevel editor ("System" -> "System Services (Runlevel)") and check smartd service.

For more information, see the smartd man page.

BIOS RAID Supported During Installation

BIOS RAID is now supported during installation. Activate it in the BIOS and run a default installation.

X.Org Specific Changes for Developers

The X.Org system is installed in /usr. Adjust your programs if needed. If you are referencing fonts by directory names like XEP, find the new directories now in /usr/share/fonts.

New Power Management Options

The suspend framework switched from powersavedpm-utils. This switch makes many configuration options in /etc/powersave/sleep obsolete. Instead configure suspend in /etc/pm/config now. For more information, refer to

More in Tux Machines

today's leftovers

  • Zorin OS 12.3 Linux Distro Released: Download The Perfect Windows Replacement
    While listing out the best distros for a Linux beginner, the ease of use and installation are the most critical factors. Such qualities make distros like Linux Mint, Ubuntu, and Zorin OS the most recommended options. In case you’re also concerned about your privacy and security, a shift to the world of Linux becomes a more obvious option. Calling itself a replacement for Windows and macOS, Zorin OS has been established as a beginner-friendly option that offers a smooth ride while making the transition. The latest Zorin OS 12.3 release works to strengthen the basics of the operating system and polishes the whole experience.
  • Ramblings about long ago and far away
    I had originally run MCC (Manchester Computer Center Interim Linux) in college but when I moved it was easier to find a box of floppies with SLS so I had installed that on the 486. I would then download software source code from the internet and rebuild it for my own use using all the extra flags I could find in GCC to make my 20Mhz system seem faster. I instead learned that most of the options didn't do anything on i386 Linux at the time and most of my reports about it were probably met by eye-rolls with the people at Cygnus. My supposed goal was to try and set up a MUD so I could code up a text based virtual reality. Or to get a war game called Conquer working on Linux. Or maybe get xTrek working on my system. [I think I mostly was trying to become a game developer by just building stuff versus actually coding stuff. I cave-man debugged a lot of things using stuff I had learned in FORTRAN but it wasn't actually making new things.]
  • EzeeLinux Show 18.13 | Running Linux On Junk
    A talk about the advantages of running Linux on junk hardware.
  • Best 50 HD Wallpapers for Ubuntu
    Wallpapers are useful in many ways depending on the visual it contains for example if there is a motivational quote on it, it helps to motivate you. The images are the best type of wallpaper because they have an impact on the mind of a human being. So if you are a working professional and have to work continuously on a computer then your desktop cab be a source of inspiration and happiness. So today we are going to share 50 best HD Wallpapers for your Ubuntu which will keep your desktop fresh.
  • Ubuntu Tried Adding Synaptics Support Back To GNOME's Mutter
    GNOME developers previously dropped support for Synaptics and other input drivers from Mutter in favor of the universal libinput stack that is also Wayland-friendly. Canonical developers tried to get Synaptics support on X11 added back into Mutter but it looks clear now that was rejected. Canonical's Will Cooke reported in this week's Ubuntu happenings that they were trying to add upstream support for Synaptics to Mutter, complementing the libinput support. While it's great Canonical trying to contribute upstream to GNOME, Synaptics support was previously dropped as being a maintenance burden and with libinput support getting into rather good shape.
  • Long live Release Engineering
    y involvement in Fedora goes back to late 2003 early 2004 somewhere as a packager for I started by getting a few packages in to scratch some of my itches and I saw it as a way to give back to the greater open source community. Around FC3 somewhere I stepped up to help in infrastructure to rebuild the builders in plague, the build system we used before koji and that we used for EPEL(Something that I helped form) for awhile until we got external repo support in koji. I was involved in the implementation of koji in Fedora, I joined OLPC as a build and release engineer, where I oversaw a move of the OS they shipped from FC6 to F8, and laid a foundation for the move to F9. I left OLPC when Red Hat opensourced RHN Satellite as “spacewalk project” I joined Red Hat as the release engineer for both, after a brief period there was some reorganisation in engineering that resulted in me handing off the release engineering tasks to someone closer the the engineers working on the code. As a result I worked on Fedora full time helping Jesse Keating. When he decided to work on the internal migration from CVS to git I took over as the lead. [...] Recently I have accepted a Job offer to become the manager of a different team inside of Red Hat.

Linux 4.17 Spring Cleaning To Drop Some Old CPU Architectures and Recent Torvalds Interview

  • Linux 4.17 Spring Cleaning To Drop Some Old CPU Architectures
    Longtime Linux kernel developer Arnd Bergmann is working to drop a number of old and obsolete CPU architectures from the next kernel cycle, Linux 4.17. The obsolete CPU architectures set to be removed include Blackfin, CRIS, FR-V, M32R, MN10300, META (Metag), and TILE. Managing to escape its death sentence is the Unicore32 architecture with its port maintainer claiming it's still actively being used and maintained.
  • [Older] Linus Torvalds Interview by Kristaps

    Interviewer: we all know who Linus is, but not many people know he’s also a proficient diver. Why don’t we start at the beginning: where you first started diving, and when you started to take diving seriously.  

    Actually, it was related to open source, in some way. [...]

Software: KDE, DocKnot and More

  • This week in Usability & Productivity, part 10
    Today’s Usability & Productivity status is jam-packed with awesome stuff that I think you’re all really gonna love.
  • DocKnot 1.03
    This is the software that I use to generate documentation for my software. Currently, it just handles README,, and the top-level web page for the package.
  • Linux Release Roundup: Amarok Sees First Release in 3 Years
    The past 7 days have been pretty dang busy in Linux release land. We’ve taken a look at the best GNOME 3.28 features, recapped the latest Firefox 59 changes, and made ourselves comfortable with the latest changes to Linux audiobook player Cozy.

today's howtos/technical