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FreeBSD 12.1-RC1 Now Available

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The first RC build of the 12.1-RELEASE release cycle is now available.

Installation images are available for:

o 12.1-RC1 amd64 GENERIC
o 12.1-RC1 i386 GENERIC
o 12.1-RC1 powerpc GENERIC
o 12.1-RC1 powerpc64 GENERIC64
o 12.1-RC1 powerpcspe MPC85XXSPE
o 12.1-RC1 sparc64 GENERIC
o 12.1-RC1 armv6 RPI-B
o 12.1-RC1 armv7 BANANAPI
o 12.1-RC1 armv7 BEAGLEBONE
o 12.1-RC1 armv7 CUBIEBOARD
o 12.1-RC1 armv7 CUBIEBOARD2
o 12.1-RC1 armv7 RPI2
o 12.1-RC1 armv7 PANDABOARD
o 12.1-RC1 armv7 WANDBOARD
o 12.1-RC1 armv7 GENERICSD
o 12.1-RC1 aarch64 GENERIC
o 12.1-RC1 aarch64 RPI3
o 12.1-RC1 aarch64 PINE64
o 12.1-RC1 aarch64 PINE64-LTS

Note regarding arm SD card images: For convenience for those without
console access to the system, a freebsd user with a password of
freebsd is available by default for ssh(1) access.  Additionally,
the root user password is set to root.  It is strongly recommended
to change the password for both users after gaining access to the

Installer images and memory stick images are available here:

The image checksums follow at the end of this e-mail.

If you notice problems you can report them through the Bugzilla PR
system or on the -stable mailing list.

If you would like to use SVN to do a source based update of an existing
system, use the "releng/12.1" branch.

A summary of changes since 12.1-BETA3 includes:

o A NULL pointer dereference that could lead to a system crash had been

o A fix to correctly implement pmap_page_is_mapped() on arm64 and riscv.

o A fix to tun(4) and tap(4) when destroying interfaces had been added.

o A fix to krping to notify sleeping threads of device removal had been

o Several updates to mlx5core, mlx5en(4), and mlx5ib(4).

o Several fixes in libusb(3) and xhci(4) have been added.

o Several SCTP and TCP fixes have been added.

A list of changes since 12.0-RELEASE is available in the releng/12.1
release notes:

Please note, the release notes page is not yet complete, and will be
updated on an ongoing basis as the 12.1-RELEASE cycle progresses.

=== Virtual Machine Disk Images ===

VM disk images are available for the amd64, i386, and aarch64
architectures.  Disk images may be downloaded from the following URL
(or any of the FreeBSD download mirrors):

The partition layout is:

    ~ 16 kB - freebsd-boot GPT partition type (bootfs GPT label)
    ~ 1 GB  - freebsd-swap GPT partition type (swapfs GPT label)
    ~ 20 GB - freebsd-ufs GPT partition type (rootfs GPT label)

The disk images are available in QCOW2, VHD, VMDK, and raw disk image
formats.  The image download size is approximately 135 MB and 165 MB
respectively (amd64/i386), decompressing to a 21 GB sparse image.

Note regarding arm64/aarch64 virtual machine images: a modified QEMU EFI
loader file is needed for qemu-system-aarch64 to be able to boot the
virtual machine images.  See this page for more information:

To boot the VM image, run:

    % qemu-system-aarch64 -m 4096M -cpu cortex-a57 -M virt  \
	-bios QEMU_EFI.fd -serial telnet::4444,server -nographic \
	-drive if=none,file=VMDISK,id=hd0 \
	-device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 \
	-device virtio-net-device,netdev=net0 \
	-netdev user,id=net0

Be sure to replace "VMDISK" with the path to the virtual machine image.

=== Amazon EC2 AMI Images ===

FreeBSD/amd64 EC2 AMIs are available in the following regions:

  eu-north-1 region: ami-0c2caa354f54dcc8e
  ap-south-1 region: ami-011f6d0b22b4179ae
  eu-west-3 region: ami-0e633b1e66b94dc5e
  eu-west-2 region: ami-06f77908c8875b5ce
  eu-west-1 region: ami-07d5b3d4ffa682d66
  ap-northeast-2 region: ami-0a0d9969831c99d3f
  ap-northeast-1 region: ami-092398d1a41a67f27
  sa-east-1 region: ami-023dd6db41165f441
  ca-central-1 region: ami-0cf9fd10259cf4eb2
  ap-east-1 region: ami-0e255d1bb4a1f76f4
  ap-southeast-1 region: ami-0404212cff3236606
  ap-southeast-2 region: ami-0fea81c67debcba8b
  eu-central-1 region: ami-08e32f4e90fd250f4
  us-east-1 region: ami-0e6e401d0ffebd916
  us-east-2 region: ami-0d094195cae5bf901
  us-west-1 region: ami-04c1e10d06064e68d
  us-west-2 region: ami-02d0010139a9a494e

FreeBSD/aarch64 EC2 AMIs are available in the following regions:

  eu-north-1 region: ami-022e4644320e82ac1
  ap-south-1 region: ami-0e421a1864d53d226
  eu-west-3 region: ami-0bffb1c264a4b8d09
  eu-west-2 region: ami-0f596a538918dc9c8
  eu-west-1 region: ami-063c017d8b9086b55
  ap-northeast-2 region: ami-0b34ed283d7dd41ae
  ap-northeast-1 region: ami-0071602b3e78a8de0
  sa-east-1 region: ami-07986820662819e67
  ca-central-1 region: ami-0d9ee49739059957b
  ap-east-1 region: ami-00ae1e2b897eb6230
  ap-southeast-1 region: ami-0018127ce245410e0
  ap-southeast-2 region: ami-02fa0380052cd268f
  eu-central-1 region: ami-01836dc7a9f273243
  us-east-1 region: ami-0018654c0af06d99d
  us-east-2 region: ami-06a4203b93836b927
  us-west-1 region: ami-09c5010072b44bd96
  us-west-2 region: ami-063fae5c2ec327807

=== Vagrant Images ===

FreeBSD/amd64 images are available on the Hashicorp Atlas site, and can
be installed by running:

    % vagrant init freebsd/FreeBSD-12.1-RC1
    % vagrant up

=== Upgrading ===

The freebsd-update(8) utility supports binary upgrades of amd64 and i386
systems running earlier FreeBSD releases.  Systems running earlier
FreeBSD releases can upgrade as follows:

	# freebsd-update upgrade -r 12.1-RC1

During this process, freebsd-update(8) may ask the user to help by
merging some configuration files or by confirming that the automatically
performed merging was done correctly.

	# freebsd-update install

The system must be rebooted with the newly installed kernel before

	# shutdown -r now

After rebooting, freebsd-update needs to be run again to install the new
userland components:

	# freebsd-update install

It is recommended to rebuild and install all applications if possible,
especially if upgrading from an earlier FreeBSD release, for example,
FreeBSD 11.x.  Alternatively, the user can install misc/compat11x and
other compatibility libraries, afterwards the system must be rebooted
into the new userland:

	# shutdown -r now

Finally, after rebooting, freebsd-update needs to be run again to remove
stale files:

	# freebsd-update install

Read more

Article by Michael Larabel in Phoronix

  • FreeBSD 12.1 Is Near With Libomp Finally In Base, LLD Linker By Default For i386

    FreeBSD 12.1 is near with the first release candidate shipping this weekend. While a point release over the nearly one year old FreeBSD 12.0, it does come with some notable changes in tow.

    The Friday night release of FreeBSD 12.1-RC1. brings with it various driver updates, SCTP/TCP fixes, a null pointer dereference fix for a possible system crash, and other fixes.

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