Language Selection

English French German Italian Portuguese Spanish

FreeBSD 12.1-RC2 Now Available

Filed under
BSD

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
Hash: SHA256

The second RC build of the 12.1-RELEASE release cycle is now available.

Installation images are available for:

o 12.1-RC2 amd64 GENERIC
o 12.1-RC2 i386 GENERIC
o 12.1-RC2 powerpc GENERIC
o 12.1-RC2 powerpc64 GENERIC64
o 12.1-RC2 powerpcspe MPC85XXSPE
o 12.1-RC2 sparc64 GENERIC
o 12.1-RC2 armv6 RPI-B
o 12.1-RC2 armv7 BANANAPI
o 12.1-RC2 armv7 BEAGLEBONE
o 12.1-RC2 armv7 CUBIEBOARD
o 12.1-RC2 armv7 CUBIEBOARD2
o 12.1-RC2 armv7 CUBOX-HUMMINGBOARD
o 12.1-RC2 armv7 RPI2
o 12.1-RC2 armv7 PANDABOARD
o 12.1-RC2 armv7 WANDBOARD
o 12.1-RC2 armv7 GENERICSD
o 12.1-RC2 aarch64 GENERIC
o 12.1-RC2 aarch64 RPI3
o 12.1-RC2 aarch64 PINE64
o 12.1-RC2 aarch64 PINE64-LTS

Note regarding arm SD card images: For convenience for those without
console access to the system, a freebsd user with a password of
freebsd is available by default for ssh(1) access.  Additionally,
the root user password is set to root.  It is strongly recommended
to change the password for both users after gaining access to the
system.

Installer images and memory stick images are available here:

    https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/releases/ISO-IMAGES/12.1/

The image checksums follow at the end of this e-mail.

If you notice problems you can report them through the Bugzilla PR
system or on the -stable mailing list.

If you would like to use SVN to do a source based update of an existing
system, use the "releng/12.1" branch.

A summary of changes since 12.1-RC1 includes:

o The loader.efi had been updated to use ioalign for compliance with
  UEFI specification 2.7A.

o A null pointer dereference bug had been fixed.

o A fix to SCTP to reset local variables to their initial values had
  been added.

o The ixgbe(4) driver had been updated to prevent a system crash when
  configuring EEE on X500EM_X devices.

o The sdhci(4) driver had been updated to fix a boot issue on Beaglebone
  SoCs.

A list of changes since 12.0-RELEASE is available in the releng/12.1
release notes:

    https://www.freebsd.org/releases/12.1R/relnotes.html

Please note, the release notes page is not yet complete, and will be
updated on an ongoing basis as the 12.1-RELEASE cycle progresses.

=== Virtual Machine Disk Images ===

VM disk images are available for the amd64, i386, and aarch64
architectures.  Disk images may be downloaded from the following URL
(or any of the FreeBSD download mirrors):

    https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/releases/VM-IMAGES/12.1-RC2/

The partition layout is:

    ~ 16 kB - freebsd-boot GPT partition type (bootfs GPT label)
    ~ 1 GB  - freebsd-swap GPT partition type (swapfs GPT label)
    ~ 20 GB - freebsd-ufs GPT partition type (rootfs GPT label)

The disk images are available in QCOW2, VHD, VMDK, and raw disk image
formats.  The image download size is approximately 135 MB and 165 MB
respectively (amd64/i386), decompressing to a 21 GB sparse image.

Note regarding arm64/aarch64 virtual machine images: a modified QEMU EFI
loader file is needed for qemu-system-aarch64 to be able to boot the
virtual machine images.  See this page for more information:

    https://wiki.freebsd.org/arm64/QEMU

To boot the VM image, run:

    % qemu-system-aarch64 -m 4096M -cpu cortex-a57 -M virt  \
	-bios QEMU_EFI.fd -serial telnet::4444,server -nographic \
	-drive if=none,file=VMDISK,id=hd0 \
	-device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 \
	-device virtio-net-device,netdev=net0 \
	-netdev user,id=net0

Be sure to replace "VMDISK" with the path to the virtual machine image.

=== Amazon EC2 AMI Images ===

FreeBSD/amd64 EC2 AMIs are available in the following regions:

  eu-north-1 region: ami-0186d6a5fbc8766f2
  ap-south-1 region: ami-0b6bef3551f1b0f70
  eu-west-3 region: ami-062495360178ede5e
  eu-west-2 region: ami-0ccfe49c85e5f8cc0
  eu-west-1 region: ami-0e2730782e7462f98
  ap-northeast-2 region: ami-053ddd72fc1feb00a
  ap-northeast-1 region: ami-06cd2e1981334f254
  sa-east-1 region: ami-08acf6b9b1df41f34
  ca-central-1 region: ami-064249d804369c668
  ap-east-1 region: ami-020c406cb2f52030b
  ap-southeast-1 region: ami-08264f040bf980098
  ap-southeast-2 region: ami-0da02f500e46cac8f
  eu-central-1 region: ami-05458e84d05b820e8
  us-east-1 region: ami-06f6cbd134064befb
  us-east-2 region: ami-0cfe92105f4fee6a8
  us-west-1 region: ami-0bb63fac9c5ec153a
  us-west-2 region: ami-00a29b19544968928

FreeBSD/aarch64 EC2 AMIs are available in the following regions:

  eu-north-1 region: ami-0ea4448b9b547107c
  ap-south-1 region: ami-07a9fd713466fe63f
  eu-west-3 region: ami-02e84241865e90f54
  eu-west-2 region: ami-0b707024f9aadb94f
  eu-west-1 region: ami-0abf12b852be4e776
  ap-northeast-2 region: ami-086547036e5a47816
  ap-northeast-1 region: ami-038017fcbf85e7669
  sa-east-1 region: ami-0da52f30dd7d86ef5
  ca-central-1 region: ami-092ee6a89213c15a2
  ap-east-1 region: ami-0db28099cf79bf65d
  ap-southeast-1 region: ami-0852402b94d58adf8
  ap-southeast-2 region: ami-01f869cc877cef54f
  eu-central-1 region: ami-04d008006fdb7e720
  us-east-1 region: ami-0411db3e8715d4352
  us-east-2 region: ami-01e68c35d7ddcac3e
  us-west-1 region: ami-02dcdcd99bf7fde1f
  us-west-2 region: ami-09ce8334b595dff30

=== Vagrant Images ===

FreeBSD/amd64 images are available on the Hashicorp Atlas site, and can
be installed by running:

    % vagrant init freebsd/FreeBSD-12.1-RC2
    % vagrant up

=== Upgrading ===

The freebsd-update(8) utility supports binary upgrades of amd64 and i386
systems running earlier FreeBSD releases.  Systems running earlier
FreeBSD releases can upgrade as follows:

	# freebsd-update upgrade -r 12.1-RC2

During this process, freebsd-update(8) may ask the user to help by
merging some configuration files or by confirming that the automatically
performed merging was done correctly.

	# freebsd-update install

The system must be rebooted with the newly installed kernel before
continuing.

	# shutdown -r now

After rebooting, freebsd-update needs to be run again to install the new
userland components:

	# freebsd-update install

It is recommended to rebuild and install all applications if possible,
especially if upgrading from an earlier FreeBSD release, for example,
FreeBSD 11.x.  Alternatively, the user can install misc/compat11x and
other compatibility libraries, afterwards the system must be rebooted
into the new userland:

	# shutdown -r now

Finally, after rebooting, freebsd-update needs to be run again to remove
stale files:

	# freebsd-update install

Read more

Also: FreeBSD 12.1-RC2 Has Update For UEFI 2.7A, Various Bug Fixes

More in Tux Machines

Android Leftovers

5 collaboration tips for using an open source alternative to Google Docs

ONLYOFFICE Docs is highly flexible in how you can store documents. By default, you can use ONLYOFFICE Docs within an ONLYOFFICE Workspace. This provides a productivity solution for managing documents and projects. It's the clear way to use ONLYOFFICE Docs because it's included; when you install one, you get the other. However, the full ONLYOFFICE suite can be integrated with ownCloud, Nextcloud, and other popular sync and share platforms. Helpful connectors are available in your sharing platform's official app store or on GitHub. Read more

The Best RedHat-based Linux Distributions

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is a hugely popular enterprise-level operating system that supports a diverse range of open-source technologies such as Ansible automation, Hybrid Cloud, virtualization, and containerization. In this guide, we highlight some of the most popular and widely used Linux distributions based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Read more

today's leftovers

  • Day 2: Perl is dead. Long live Perl and Raku. – Raku Advent Calendar

    ‘Perl is dead’, is a meme that’s just plain wrong. Perl isn’t dead. It’s just dead to some programmers. Complicated regexes? Sigils? There’s more than one way to do it (TMTOWTDI)? Sometimes when programmers encounter Perl in the wild they react with fear. “WTF!?”, they cry! But fear needn’t be a Perl killer. If you take the time to see past Perl’s imperfections and walk the learning curve, there are rich rewards: Perl is an imperfect but pragmatic and expressive language that for 30+ years has helped programmers get the job done. When Larry Wall designed Raku he fixed most of Perl’s imperfections and doubled down on Perl’s DNA. Perl values pragmatism, expressivity, and whipupitude and Raku does too! Why stop at sigils ($@%) when you can have twice the fun with twigils ($!, %!, @! etc)? For some programmers, however, the mere sight of a twigil can induce fear. Like Perl, Raku’s expressive power is a double-edged sword – potentially stopping other programmers in their tracks. A Raku programmer’s, “DWIM” (do what I mean) can be another programmer’s “WAT!?”

  • Deriving Patterns of Fraud from the Enron Dataset

    Enron filed for bankruptcy on December 2, 2001. Arthur Anderson, one of the “Big Five” accounting firms, which audited the financial statements was dissolved as a result of the Enron scandal.

    The Enron email and financial datasets are big, messy treasure troves of information, which become much more useful once you know your way around them a bit. Enron’s complete data may be downloaded from this link here, and the refined pickle files may be downloaded from the following Github repository along with the complete code used in this article.

  • Qt Quick MultiEffect

    If you read the recent Qt Marketplace blog post, you may have noticed that something called Qt Quick MultiEffect has become available. This blog post gives more details on what Quick MultiEffect actually is and why you might want to consider using it in your Qt Quick projects. Let's start with a bit of background information. Qt Graphical Effects module contains a set of effects which can be used in Qt Quick user interfaces. These cover blur, shadow, mask, contrast etc. effects which can be easily applied into Quick items. When you need a single effect, these are great. But when you want to use multiple effects at the same time, performance is not optimal, because each effect renders into FBO texture which next effect then uses as its source. Because of this separation of effects, shaders also can't share calculations and textures. So multiple Qt Graphical Effects increase GPU and memory usage a bit more than desired.

  • Graylog provides end-user advancements in latest platform update

    Server Side Public License-Beginning with v4.0, Graylog Open Source will be licensed under the Server Side Public License (SSPL). First introduced by MongoDB, the SSPL license provides similar open source rights to GPL v3, and additionally extends those rights to cover cloud and SaaS offerings.

  • WordPress 5.6 Release Candidate 2 – WordPress.org

    WordPress 5.6 is slated for release on December 8, 2020, and we need your help to get there—if you haven’t tried 5.6 yet, now is the time!

  • 4 talks from Bootlin at Live Embedded Event, December 3

    As we announced back in October, Bootlin has participated to the organization of a new online conference around embedded systems: Live Embedded Event, which will take place on December 3. The registration is totally free, and the event will propose 4 tracks throughout the day, covering a wide range of topics. We encourage you to register and participate to the event!

  • Librem 14 Status Update: EVT2 Sample Is Almost There – Purism

    We truly think of the Librem 14 as our dream laptop here at Purism, and because of that and because this is a brand new design compared to the Librem 13 we find ourselves nitpicking a bit more than usual as our design becomes a reality. As part of this nitpicking process we make EVT (Engineering Verification Test) samples which allow us not only to fine-tune our manufacturing process, it also allows us to physically examine the laptop. Using kill switches, using the keyboard, examining the print on the case and keyboard–all these and other tests help us refine things so that the final product is something we are proud of. In addition to the more cosmetic bugs we list below, it also helps us find larger bugs. For instance we discovered issues not just with the microphone but also an issue that limited the 2nd SO-DIMM slot to 16GB RAM. We needed to re-do the PCB to address both of these issues. We know a lot of people have been interested to see pictures of the actual Librem 14 instead of just renders. We have made the second round of EVT samples a few weeks ago and have finally gotten a chance to take some high-quality pictures to share. We are almost there! There are just a few more tweaks we want to make that will only add a few weeks to our shipping plan, but we think it’s important to get everything perfect. With the holidays this will likely mean shipping won’t start until the beginning of January.

  • DIY Pi KVM: An easy and cheap KVM over IP for Raspberry Pi

    Traditional IP-KVM systems may cost you hundreds of dollars. DIY Pi KVM over IP is a very simple and fully functional Raspberry Pi-based KVM over IP that you can make yourself. If you do not know what IP-KVM is, it stands for keyboard, video, and mouse. It allows you to connect to a computer or a server remotely. With this, you can fix problems such as configuring the BIOS or reinstalling the OS using a virtual CD-ROM or flash drive.

  • Sparky news 2020/11

    The 11th monthly Sparky project and donate report of 2020...

  • Utkarsh Gupta: FOSS Activites in November 2020 · utkarsh2102

    Here’s my (fourteenth) monthly update about the activities I’ve done in the F/L/OSS world. [...] This was my 23rd month of contributing to Debian. I became a DM in late March last year and a DD last Christmas! \o/ Apart from doing a bunch of activitites like attending KubeCon + RubyConf (blog to follow!), et al and simultaneously giving my undergrad exams, I did (relatively) more work than I had really anticipated!

  • FOSS Activities in November 2020

    Second month of doing these posts. In short not much has been happening the past weeks, but that would be a slight lie. I have sponsored rgacognes Trusted User application. The application was posted to the mailing list, and it’s currently being voted and decided by a weeks time. There has also been some discussion for years about bringing debug packages into Arch. This has largely been stalled but I brought it back to life again. Essentially the problem might be solved by utilizing the new debuginfod project, and we can later distribute the packages itself when we understand the new mirror requirements. There is currently a discussion on [arch-dev-public] about it. Along with the above, chugging along nicely with packages. Python has been rebuilt for the Python 3.9 release. This means there hasn’t been as many python package updates. Currently everything is in testing and we should see packages move to the stable repositories early next week. I simply haven’t been bothered going through the hoops of releasing package updates into stable and then deal with a rebuild for python 3.9 for testing.

  • A New Endeavour | LINUX Unplugged 382 | Jupiter Broadcasting

    A problem that just kept getting worse and worse. What it was, and why it led us to "check in" on EndeavourOS.

  • Top 10 Tools to Automate Linux Admin Tasks – Linux Hint

    If you are a Linux administrator, or you want to become one, there are certain tasks that can become repetitive and boring. In fact, back in the day, some tasks were so incredibly repetitive that it became very hard to keep track of all the servers; this is why automation tools were created to help with such tasks. These tools help you manage and administer different servers or systems at once, and some of them allow you to do a particular task with only a click or a command line. These tools mentioned below will definitely help you automate some of the tasks of a system administrator so that you can concentrate on other interesting concepts and tasks. Here are the top 10 Linux Admins to boost office productivity and ease of access. Click on the links to visit the homepage.

  • Google Anthos Gets Edgy on Bare Metal Servers - SDxCentral

    Google’s Anthos hybrid cloud platform now runs on bare metal servers. The move targets enterprise workloads running in on-premises data centers or edge locations, and the announcement preempts a ton of new products and capabilities that rival Amazon Web Services (AWS) will undoubtedly rollout at its annual re:Invent, which kicks off today. Anthos is Google’s fully managed, Kubernetes-based platform that allows users to manage their data and applications in an on-premises environment or across cloud platforms from rivals like AWS and Microsoft. Google announced the platform at its Cloud Next event in 2018, and made it generally available last year.

  • Mandriva Linux Chronicles: Good-bye, ZaReason!

    The best laptop I have ever owned (and still own, despite being purchased 6 years ago) is a ZaReason Strata. It is still working great, but I was one of these days fishing the market for Linux laptops, just in case. When I visited the ZaReason page several months ago this year, I saw that they had very few products. This year has been tough.

  • Oil and gas industry embraces open-source collaboration, encourages greener energy solutions [Ed: Greenwashing plus Openwashing]

    Krebbers and Liz Dennett (pictured, left), lead solutions architect at Amazon Web Services Inc., spoke with Rebecca Knight, host of theCUBE, SiliconANGLE Media’s livestreaming studio, during the AWS Executive Summit. They discussed how the Open Group OSDU Forum is reinventing the energy data platform. (* Disclosure below.)