Language Selection

English French German Italian Portuguese Spanish

The origin of Unix

Filed under
Misc

Almost everyone thinks that Unix originated with Thomson, Ritchie, and others at Bell Labs in 1969/70, and that's correct but not true. They wrote the first code, originated many of the technologies in Unix, enunciated key design ideas we're still exploring today, and demonstrated the effectiveness of the community and user centric ideas characterising the best in open source today - but they did not invent Unix.

Unix is (trademarks and legal stuff aside) a set of ideas and the products we think of as Unix merely implement some subset of those ideas.

The key ideas are hard to delimit, and correspondingly hard to trace over time - but we can trace the application of some of them to computers to a long running argument that took place predominantly at MIT during the late 1950s and early sixties.

On one side were the people who saw in computing the opportunity to replace people. Backed by IBM, and mostly from the data processing tradition, these people saw the payoff for digital computing predominantly in terms of using computers to do things humans can do, but do them faster, for less money, and more accurately.

On the other side were the people who saw computers as extending human abilities - particularly in terms of computation, memory, and communications or community.

More Here.

More in Tux Machines

Ubuntu Linux continues to rule the cloud

Let's have a pop quiz. The most popular desktop operating system is... Windows. Right. The most popular mobile operating system is... Android! Correct. And, the most popular operating system on the public cloud is... Ubuntu Linux. Read more

Ubuntu Archive Still Free Software

In conclusion there is nothing which restricts people making derivatives of Ubuntu except the trademark, and removing branding is easy. (Even that is unnecessary unless you’re trading which most derivatives don’t, but it’s a sign of good faith to remove it anyway.) Which is why Mark Shuttleworth says “you are fully entitled and encouraged to redistribute .debs and .iso’s”. Lovely. Read more

Xubuntu 15.10 Beta 1 Drops Gnumeric and Abiword in Favor of LibreOffice Writer and Calc

Canonical has announced the release of the first Beta build for Ubuntu 15.10 (Wily Werewolf) opt-in flavors, which include the well-known Xubuntu distribution built around the lightweight Xfce desktop environment. Read more

Technology, the law and you: Open-source software

But “free as in beer” isn’t really the point – huge numbers of corporate open-source users opt for paid commercial versions of open-source projects, for simplicity and support. And then there are all those various licenses that protect the openness of the software – GPL, Apache, Eclipse. But the good news is that, with very few exceptions, there aren’t many legal issues for the average company to worry about. Read more