What is Linux?
asically Linux is nothing more than another Operating System for computers like Windows, Mac OS. People shoots “What is an Operating System?”, before even finishing the definition for Linux. An Operating System(OS) is the underlying software which lets you interfere with the Peripherals of your system. In another words it lets the monitor display a picture or some text, it’s the OS that lets your computer manage the required memory for certain tasks, it lets you type via your keyboard, provides a way to access your computer’s Hard Disk and let you use your mouse.
Linux is based on UNIX (another Network Based OS) and initially was developed by Linus Torvalds. It is Open Source, which means its source code is available for anyone who wants and is modifiable to anyone the way they want. Source code are the lines of text written by a computer programmer which is compiled to Binary (1s and 0s) and is understandable only by the computer. This Open Source nature made other Programmers around the world to check them and fix ‘things’ (BUGS) wrong with the coding. The result was a stable and secure piece of software(OS) which became popular as a Server Operating System. Something like Windows Server NT, 2003, etc.
Microsoft Windows on the other hand is closed-sourced.