Debian 6.0 “Squeeze”: What’s New?
For the uninitiated, Debian is the world’s second-oldest surviving GNU/Linux distribution, released only a few months after Slackware’s first release. It’s also got a bit of romance attached to it—the name Debian derives from the names of Debian’s founder, Ian Murdock and his then-girlfriend, later wife, and now ex-wife, Debra Lynn. Debian is one of the two major “parent” distributions today (the other being Fedora), meaning that most other distributions are built on top of either Debian or Fedora. Debian’s claims to fame include its revolutionary package-management system consisting of DEB packages, Aptitude and Synaptic; its unmatched stability and speed; and the fact that it’s the parent to the world’s top two Linux distributions (by popularity): Ubuntu and Linux Mint.
Debian 6.0 took 24 months to cook. With all that time on the burner, there had to be some major changes. What are they? Well, for starters, Debian 6 is the first Debian release to feature the “KDE Plasma Desktop”, as the Debian guys choose to call KDE4. The Debian 6 software package versions almost mirror Ubuntu’s 10.04 LTS release, with KDE 4.4.5, GNOME 2.30, Kernel 2.6.32 and OpenOffice.org 3.2.1 making it to the release.