Language Selection

English French German Italian Portuguese Spanish

The `Soft' Component

Filed under
OS

THE Unix operating system (OS) is among the "soft" components in the computer that has a colourful history journey. Although its story started as early as the 1960s, it was only in the 80s that it started to serve as the OS for the real digital world.

At the early stages, AT&T developed the Unix System III as a commercial version and sold the product directly, with the first version being launched in 1982.

In the same year, other companies began to offer commercial versions of the Unix System for their own mini-computers and workstations. Most of these new Unix flavours were developed from the System V base under licence from AT&T.

Some chose BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution, sometimes called Berkeley Unix) instead. One of the leading developers of BSD, Bill Joy, went on to co-found Sun Microsystems in 1982 and created SunOS (now Solaris) for their workstations.

In 1980, Microsoft announced its first Unix for 16-bit microcomputers called Xenix, which the Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) ported to the Intel 8086 processor in 1983, and eventually branched Xenix into SCO Unix in 1989.

Full Story.

More in Tux Machines

Leftovers: Software

  • Git 2.3.4 Is Now Available for Download, Fixes Multiple Issues
    A new maintenance release of the Git 2.3 software, the world’s most popular distributed revision control system, was pushed today on mirrors worldwide. Git 2.3.4 is a small bugfix release that patches no more than 7 issues discovered in the previous release of the software, Git 2.3.3, which was announced last week.
  • Sound Juicer 3.16.0 Officially Released, GNOME’s Default Audio-CD Ripper
    The release of the GNOME 3.16 desktop environment is imminent, so application developers still publish their packages on the GNOME’s FTP website in preparation for tomorrow’s big announcement.
  • MuseScore 2.0 Milestone Release – Free Music Scoring App [Install in Ubuntu]
    MuseScore is a free, open-source music notation and composition application built using Qt 5, with access to thousands of music sheets, an integrated sequencer to allow for immediate playback and many more features. Version 2.0 was released today, March 25, and it represents a milestone release in the development of MuseScore, shipping with an impressive number of new features, varying from major UI changes to musical notation features like tablature support, or improved playback support.
  • Edit UEFI varstores
    UEFI firmware has a concept of persistent variables. They are used to control the boot order amongst other things. They are stored in non-volatile RAM on the system board, or for virtual machines in a host file.
  • Python for remote reconfiguration of server firmware
    There's documentation in the README, and I'm sorry for the API being kind of awful (it suffers rather heavily from me writing Python while knowing basically no Python). Still, it ought to work. I'm interested in hearing from anybody with problems, anybody who's interested in getting it on Pypi and anybody who's willing to add support for new HP systems.

today's howtos

Leftovers: Gaming

Leftovers: Screenshots