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Updates From FOSDEM: Daniel 'Curl' Stenberg on HTTP/3 and GNU Poke Adding Hyperlink Support

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GNU
OSS
Web
  • Daniel Stenberg: HTTP/3 for everyone

    I brought a huge collection of stickers this year and I kept going back to the wolfSSL stand to refill the stash and it kept being emptied almost as fast. Hundreds of curl stickers were given away! The photo on the right shows my “sticker bag” as it looked before I left Sweden.

    Lesson for next year: bring a larger amount of stickers! If you missed out on curl stickers, get in touch and I’ll do my best to satisfy your needs.

  • Hyperlink Support in GNU Poke

    For many years now, terminal emulators have been detecting http:// URLs in the output of any program and giving the user a chance to click on them and immediately navigate to the corresponding web page. In 2017, Egmont Kob made a proposal for supporting general hyperlinks in terminal emulators. Gnome Terminal, iTerm and a few other terminal emulators have already implemented this proposal in their latest releases. With Egmont's proposal, an application can emit any valid URI and have the terminal emulator take the user to that resource.

Kubernetes Leftovers

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Server
OSS

Terminal Phase – space shooting game in your terminal

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OSS
Gaming

Text-based games are often forgotten and neglected. However, there are many ASCII gems out there waiting to be explored which are immensely addictive and great fun to play.

The idiom ‘don’t judge a book by its cover’ can be extended to ‘don’t judge a computer game by its graphics’. While the game featured in this article offers extremely basic graphics, it has many redeeming qualities beyond evoking fond memories of the early days of computer gaming.

Many of the text games we’re covered on LinuxLinks have focused on the roguelike genre. But how about a real-time terminal-based game? And a space shooter to boot? Interested? If so, why not check out Terminal Phase, a fast paced, action-packed game.

Read more

Openwashing Leftovers

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OSS
  • SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: Manifold

    Manifold is a visual debugging tool for machine learning developed by Uber. Machine learning is widely used across the Uber platform to support decision making and forecasting for features such as ETA prediction and fraud detection, the company explained.

    The tool aims to help engineers and scientists identify performance issues across ML data slices and models, and diagnoses their root causes by surfacing feature distribution differences between subsets of data.

  • Alfresco and Tech Mahindra Introduce Four Jointly Developed AI/IoT Solutions for Insurance Companies

    Alfresco Software, an open source content, process and governance software company, and Tech Mahindra, a leading provider of digital transformation, consulting and re-engineering services and solutions, today announced collaboration on four jointly-developed, transformative insurance solutions. The collaboration combines Tech Mahindra’s insurance expertise and experience in the insurance industry with Alfresco’s powerful Digital Business Platform to create solutions for risk management, automated underwriting, a self-learning chatbot, and intelligent claims handling.

  • An Updated Overview of the Open Source VOLTTRON Platform

    For readers not yet acquainted with the VOLTTRON technology, the diagram below provides a helpful snapshot of the open source VOLTTRON platform.

  • Bruce Willis-Starring Feature 'Open Source' Begins Filming in Cincinnati
  • Eve V Makers Promise High Refresh Rates, On-Time Shipments With 3 Open-Source Gaming Monitors

    Eve, the makers of the open-source Eve V convertible laptop, has something to prove with its upcoming lineup of open-source developed PC monitors. The specs match some of the best gaming monitors by featuring LG’s 1ms IPS panels at 1440p and 4K at up to 240Hz. However, Eve CEO Konstantinos Karatsevidis is aware that the Eve V left many disappointed with years-long delivery times and promised that the Eve Spectrum gaming monitors available for pre-order today will arrive on time, thanks a number of business operation changes.

OSS Leftovers

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OSS
  • Open-source software to support low-carbon district energy network planning

    With an ambitious EU Green Deal on the table, providing secure, affordable and low carbon energy stays high on the priority list of local authorities to increase air quality and reach their energy and climate targets in 2030 and establish new ones by 2050. With heating and cooling (H&C) responsible for 50% of the final energy demand in Europe, decarbonisation of the sector will be crucial to reach those targets.

    According to the latest study on the 14 European countries with the highest H&C demands, district energy can play a leading role in the energy transition and for achieving an economically viable decarbonisation of the H&C sector in urban areas (see: Heat Roadmap Europe 4).

    Eight European cities together with the Centre for Sustainable Energy in Bristol, as well as partners from research, private and public associations and the city network ICLEI Europe have developed an open-source online tool designed specifically to simplify and optimise complex network planning processes for local planning authorities.

  • Matrix: Matthew Hodgson highlights benefits of secure, open-source collaboration tool
  • BT hopes 'open source' network equipment model will challenge Huawei dominance

    BT is looking to challenge the dominance of Chinese technology company Huawei by supporting a new 'open source' approach to purchasing network equipment, reports The Telegraph.

    In an interview with the newspaper, Openreach CEO Clive Selley said that the group was looking to push back against the current consolidated market structure where Huawei, Ericsson and Nokia have too much power. He said that BT was trying to challenge their dominance by encouraging the telecoms industry to adopt a 'mix and match' approach to network equipment suppliers.

  • Intelligence Brief: What will drive open RAN in 2020?

    This month Telefonica’s UK arm O2 announced a partnership with three challenger vendors planning to commercially deploy open RAN solutions across the country.

    [...]

    In light of persistent pressure from the US to exclude some vendors from global 5G networks, politicians around the world have taken notice of the small set of suppliers the telecom industry has been relying on to build mobile networks.

    [...]

    These building blocks, while small scale steps, will lead to larger deployments as more companies try out the concept and report back successful best practices, hopefully leading to a snowball effect attracting more operators as well as a larger share of their networks running on open solutions.

    Further, funding support out of countries such as the US (and one can be hopeful more will follow the example) will further enable the industry to build a diverse supply chain. And, as other operators such as Telefonica and Vodafone Group continue to spearhead the movement, concerns around RoI and tech maturity will diminish over time.

    As to lack of internal ownership and expertise, this highlights the greater role industry partners including system integrators like IBM and vendors with teams providing E2E services, for example Mavenir, will need to play, not only in stitching the technologies provided together, but also by coordinating or even educating internal staff as part of a handover process to enable greater ownership.

  • China and open source geopolitical strategy: Simon Wardley weighs in

    Instead, Wardley noted, an organization that wants to make good use of open source must be "all in" on open source: Investment, desire, reasoning. This isn't to suggest that meeting these conditions will necessarily result in an open source success. Despite all the effort, Wardley went on, it's really "more opening doors for others to walk through. You have to manufacture conditions and constraints for the project to succeed."

    Take, for example, Kubernetes. I've written about Kubernetes' community success for years, but that success didn't come for free. Google had to open up the project's governance to outsiders, allowing Red Hat and more lately, VMware, to contribute in significant ways. This is one reason that Wardley warned that open source breeds "Lots of frustration...and it won't happen quickly if it is going to be sustainable." It's relatively cheap for a single company to launch a project and mostly use it for marketing window dressing; but to be truly sustainable, a project needs diverse inputs to fund it (with cash) and fuel it (with code).

    [...]

    Is it game over, China wins? Of course not. But smart companies (and countries) will increasingly use open source to drive long-term value, according to Wardley, which also requires long-term investment. Using open source as a marketing gimmick may offer immediate benefits, but it doesn't deliver the long-term, competitive advantage Wardley points to.

  • Founding organizations: Creating companies that sustain our open-source community

    Open source has a sustainability problem.

    A question that’s frequently discussed in the web development community is how to make open-source maintainable. As one of many examples, Henry Zhu, the lead maintainer of Babel, one of the most depended-on projects in the JavaScript ecosystem, until 2017 was working on Babel in his free-time while working a full-time job.

    Open source is key infrastructure: for comparison, imagine if the lead mechanic on the Brooklyn Bridge had to work on it in his spare time, or hustle for contracts!

  • GraphDB Goes Open Source

    There's a new version of Ontotext GraphDB that's open source and comes with a range of new plugins. GraphDB Workbench, which give developers a way to quickly develop knowledge graph prototypes, was also open-sourced as a separate project.

    Ontotext's GraphDB is a database for managing semantic information, and the latest release, GraphDB 9.0, aims to make it easier for developers to create and operate knowledge graphs by opening multiple integration extension points.

  • Hardware Bitcoin Node Provider Casa Open-sources its Software

Making Sure RISC-V Designs Work As Expected

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Hardware
OSS

The RISC-V instruction set architecture is attracting attention across a wide swath of markets, but making sure devices based on the RISC-V ISA work as expected is proving as hard, if not harder, than other commercially available ISA-based chips.

The general consensus is that open source lacks the safety net of commercially available IP and tools. Characterization tends to be generalized, rather than specific for a particular application, and open-source tools are more difficult to work with and frequently less reliable. This has created a market for commercial implementations of both the RISC-V ISA, as well as tools aimed specifically for RISC-V, but it also has opened the door for commercially developed tools and IP that simplify and add consistency to RISC-V implementations.

All of this is happening amid rapid growth throughout the RISC-V ecosystem. Semico Research predicts the communications segment will achieve a 209% compound annual growth rate by 2025, and that RISC-V will capture more than 6% of the CPU core business in that market between now and 2025. The firm also forecasts the available market for automotive will have a CAGR of 160% during that period, and the total available market for 5G infrastructure will reach 19 million units by 2025, with RISC-V playing an important role in both markets. In total, RISC-V growth is forecast to increase 160% during that period in devices targeted at a broad range of performance levels.

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Also: Intel Joins The CHIPS Alliance To Promote AIB As An Open Standard

OSS Leftovers

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OSS
  • Coders Should Be Activists

    Last year, a former employee of the cloud platform Chef took the entire service offline with the click of a few buttons. In protest of the company’s contract with Immigration and Customs Enforcement, he revoked access to crucial open-source code the company relies on, temporarily crippling the company’s entire platform.
    The missing code halted the work of both Chef and its customers, forcing Chef’s CEO to reverse the company’s stance on working with ICE in a matter of hours.
    Workers at Google, Amazon, Microsoft, and other companies across the tech industry have begun to protest their employers’ decisions about everything from sexual harassment to climate action by walking out, striking, and writing open letters. But what happened at Chef is the only example I’ve found of developers using open-source code as a protest tool. And that is a huge missed opportunity.

  • Apex.OS: An Open Source Operating System for Autonomous Cars
  • 5 Open-Source Startups That Are Making It Big In 2020

    Open-source is gaining prominence as organisations want to make breakthroughs using the help of diverse developers across the world. Companies are even releasing their state-of-the-art projects to enhance the products further and gain a competitive advantage over others. For one, Facebook and Google have hosted their deep learning frameworks PyTorch and Tensorflow to expedite its developments. Such initiatives have not only helped the firms that host their projects but also assist various technology community.

    Over the years, open-source has witnessed massive success in some projects, enabling the hosts to make it profitable. For instance, MongoDB and Cloudera are now public companies that are playing a crucial role in the data science landscape. Such triumph became the motivational force in the open-source marketplace. Consequently, we are now witnessing a rise in open-source startups that are striving towards commercialising the projects.

  • Bitcoin Startup Casa Names New CEO as Node Service Goes Open-Source

    Bitcoin startup Casa is charging into 2020 with a new look – by winding down its hardware product and shuffling its front office.

    CEO Jeremy Welch is stepping down from the role with current head of product Nick Neuman taking the helm. CTO Jameson Lopp will remain in his current position but will join the board along with Neuman.

    Welch’s decision to step away from his position was linked to personal matters and not the firm’s product decisions, Welch and Neuman said.

  • Omnitracs to Leverage Open Source Technology to Fight Human Trafficking

    The TAT mobile app helps drivers report suspicious activity as they spot it on the road, or at truck stops. It also educates drivers about human trafficking, providing informative material about red flag indicators, and best practices around how they can help.

  • Best Open Source AirDrop Alternative For Android And Windows Users

    oogle is preparing to launch an Airdrop-like “Nearby Sharing” Feature for Android devices, as we saw in the leaked video; however, there is no upated on the launch timeline yet.

    In the meantime, Android users can use an open-source web-based alternative for AirDrop, known as Snapdrop. This speedy file-sharing progressive web app is perfect for users who have always longed for a hassle-free method to transfer files from Android to Mac and, even Android to Windows.

  • OpenCV Hackathon

    OpenCV has announced a hackathon aimed at eliminating bugs and generally stabilizing the library functionality. Taking place February 2 - 9 the open source project is looking for help in resolving a selected list of issues.

    Providing us with a free yet highly capable computer vision library, OpenCV is an important open source resource. It is responsible for a lot of progress in robotics, computational photography, medical image processing and more - you can even use it with Raspberry Pi projects. Its library includes modules for standard image processing tasks such as filtering, warping, color space conversion and so on. The video module even has advanced techniques such as object tracking and background subtraction and its relied on both by professionals and hobbyists.

  • Open Source Camp on Bareos: Call for Papers open

    The organizer NETWAYS GmbH opens the Call for Papers for the Open Source Camp (OSCamp) on Bareos. Presentations can be submitted until March 30, 2020.

Surveillance Companies Openwashing With So-called 'AI' Buzz

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OSS
  • Google open-sources LaserTagger, an AI model that speeds up text generation

    Sequence-to-sequence AI models, which were introduced by Google in 2014, aim to map fixed-length input (usually text) with a fixed-length output where the length of the input and output might differ. They’re used in text-generating tasks including summarization, grammatical error correction, and sentence fusion, and recent architectural breakthroughs have made them more capable than before. But they’re imperfect in that they (1) require large amounts of training data to reach acceptable levels of performance and that they (1) typically generate the output word-by-word (which makes them inherently slow).

    That’s why researchers at Google developed LaserTagger, an open source text-editing model that predicts a sequence of edit operations to transform a source text into a target text. They assert that LaserTagger tackles text generation in a fashion that’s less error-prone — and that’s easier to train and faster to execute.

    The release of LaserTagger follows on the heels of notable contributions from Google to the field of natural language processing and understanding. This week, the tech giant took the wraps off of Meena, a neural network with 2.6 billion parameters that can handle multiturn dialogue. And earlier this month, Google published a paper describing Reformer, a model that can process the entirety of novels.

  • 5 reasons why you should use an open-source data analytics stack in 2020 [Ed: "This is a guest post sponsored by our friends at RudderStack." Read: it's openwashing spam for our paying "friends".]
  • Facebook Makes New 99.99% AI Navigation Model Open Source
  • Microsoft Application Inspector Open Sourced
  • Microsoft Open-Sources ONNX Acceleration for BERT AI Model

    Microsoft's Azure Machine Learning team recently open-sourced their contribution to the ONNX Runtime library for improving the performance of the natural language processing (NLP) model BERT. With the optimizations, the model's inference latency on the SQUAD benchmark sped up 17x.

Licensing and FUD About Free Software

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OSS
Legal
  • Open Source License Compliance: Raising the Bar [Ed: Spreading FUD about "risk" of Free software licenses... in order to sell one's own proprietary software 'solution']

    Question is, can you have true security without being a company that focuses on license compliance? I think not.

    Some companies count on using open source software with no regard for the licenses associated with the code they use. Open source licenses give others permission to modify, use, and distribute software, but under specific conditions and terms. And, every component may very well have a different license. With the volume of open source being used, you can see how quickly this can get out of hand and lead to IP, reputation, and subsequent litigation down the road.

    Another statement I use quite a bit, “It’s a must, not a maybe.” Development teams need to respect the legalities associated with source code licensing by passing along a copyright statement or a copy of license text, or by providing the entire source code for the company’s product. Licenses range from fairly permissive (allowing the licensee to use code without responsibilities) to highly restrictive (extremely limiting, even requiring you to make your proprietary project subject to the same licensing terms of the OSS used).

  • Open source licence series - Altus: open source is big business, get used to it

    The idea that open source developers are college students, creating some really cool software that big organisations then exploit and don’t give anything back may have been valid 20 years ago, but not today, it’s not how things work.

    Open source is now big, with major players driving innovation, like the OpenBank Project, the Banking API platform and OpenLogic.

    For a working example, AT&T is (obviously) a household name and very large quoted business. The organisation provides the majority of engineering, design and architectural resource for the ONAP open source project.

  • Open source licence series - Rancher Labs: Why vendor 'strip-mining' is an opportunity, not a threat
  • Open source licence series – Delphix: Rent vs buy, which fits your licencing cost model?
  • Open source licence series – Puppet: consumption without collaboration equals consternation
  • Open source licence series – Tidelift: Ethical source-available licenses challenge open source
  • Open-Source Software in Federal Procurements: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, Part 2 – The Bad

    In the first post of this series, we discussed “the good” of open-source software and why federal buyers should find it attractive. However, when it comes to the federal government accepting open-source code with open arms, the reality is certainly more mixed. Faced with changing and technical regulations, government contractors need to know the major drawbacks of using open-source code in government contracts. In this second entry to our open-source series, we explore “the bad” impacts of open-source use in government contracting.

  • EDRM Announces Newest Affinity Partner Merlin Legal Open Source Foundation and New Processing Specifications Project

    Setting the global standards for e-discovery, the Electronic Discovery Reference Model (EDRM) is pleased to announce its newest affinity partner, the Merlin Legal Open Source Foundation, a nonprofit organization with a mission to improve access to justice and make legal and regulatory compliance more efficient through the use of open source software and secure cloud computing. The Merlin Foundation was established in 2019 by John Tredennick, its executive director and a longtime industry expert and former CEO and founder of Catalyst Repository Systems, a leading search and technology-assisted review e-discovery platform.

Open Hardware and GNU/Linux on Devices

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GNU
Linux
Hardware
OSS
  • Open-Source Medical Devices Hack Chat

    In most of the developed world, when people go to see a doctor, they’re used to seeing the latest instruments and devices used. Most exam rooms have fancy blood pressure cuffs, trays of shiny stainless steel instruments, and a comfortable exam table covered by a fresh piece of crisp, white paper. Exams and procedures are conducted in clean, quiet places, with results recorded on a dedicated PC or tablet.

    Such genteel medical experiences are far from universal, though. Many clinics around the world are located in whatever building is available, if they’re indoors at all. Supplies may be in chronically short supply, and to the extent that the practitioners have the instruments they need to care for patients, they’ll likely be older, lower-quality versions.

  • ANAVI Miracle Controller open source Wi-Fi development board

    An ESP8266 powered Wi-Fi development board is available via Crowd Supply offering an easy way to control two 5V or 12v LED strips. The ANAVI Miracle Controller has been created by the team at Anavi Technology and is priced from $25 with worldwide shipping available and fulfilment expected to take place during April 2020.

    Out of the box, ANAVI Miracle Controller supports the following sensors and peripherals. 0.96″ OLED I²C display, BH1750 I²C sensor for light, BMP180 I²C sensor for temperature and barometric pressure, APDS-9960 I²C sensor for RGB color and gesture detection and HTU21D I²C temperature and humidity sensor.

  • simpleFE a open source, simple to use mixed-signal frontend

    Developers in need of an affordable open source, mixed-signal frontend may be interested in the simpleFE developed and created by Ning Wang. The simpleFE development board offers a is a low-cost, easy-to-use mixed-signal frontend, specifically designed to serve as a versatile bridge, performing high speed analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog conversions. Watch the introductory video below to learn more about the simpleFE and its features.

    “simpleFE frees your development team from the need to design, manufacture, and deploy complex digital and mixed circuits. By transparently streaming data over a USB 2.0 interface to and from the host system, simpleFE allows every bit of digital signal processing to take place on that host, which eliminates the need to port logic to an FPGA or DSP. As a result, engineers can focus on signal processing algorithms and software. This not only accelerates the prototyping phase of many projects, it shortens development cycles between iterations.”

  • Onion Omega2 Dash open source touchscreen wireless Linux development board

    With just two days left the campaign to take the Onion Omega2 Dash open-source touchscreen wireless Linux development board into small scale to production has been successful, with worldwide shipping expected to take place towards the end of April 2024 for orders placed this week. Watch the video below to learn more about the open source touchscreen which is Wi-Fi enabled and offers an affordable Wi-Fi connected Linux development board from just $69.

  • ‘The Open Book’ eReader Is What Open Source Lovers Need Right Now

    Amazon’s Kindle is pretty good but an open-source eReader that is free of corporate limitations is exactly what all open-source lovers need right now!

    The Open Book is a perfect Kindle alternative created by developer Joey Castillo. It’s a work-in-progress eBook reader that features a small E Ink display, an open-source software, and open hardware.

  • Sania Box Raspberry Pi 4 based DIY Kit is Designed for STEM Education (Crowdfunding)

    Sania Box, A Special Kind of DIY RPi4 Based Kit The 13-year-old Sania Jain is a young entrepreneur, published writer and tech aficionado who now offers an embedded computer kit called Sania Box.

  • Google open-sources the tools needed to make 2FA security keys
  • Google Open Sources Code for Security Key Devices

    Google on Thursday announced that it has released the source code for a project named OpenSK in an effort to allow users to create their own security key devices.

    OpenSK is written in Rust and it supports both FIDO U2F and FIDO2. Google says that by releasing OpenSK it will “help advance and improve access to FIDO authenticator implementations.”

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